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lost condition, and to accept Jesus so with you? Because you have Christ as his Saviour and Lord; the power of worshipping God acthen the Spirit of God enters his cording to your own conscience, new dwelling. But the building is and peaceably labouring for tile far from being complete. The new salvation of your souls, have you convert has some spiritual know- therefore been the more active in ledge; but much more remains to seeking that salvation? Let me be acquired: he has some faith in first inquire, Are you as yet on the Christ, but the faith needs to be right foundation ? and if so, are you strengthened, purified, and in- daily growing unto a holy temple creased: he has some power over in the Lord ? Examine your state, his corruptions, but he must still and let the conscience of each

grace,

and have his in- faithfully answer these questions. ward man renewed day by day. The 2. The spiritual improvement work of grace, therefore, is a pro- made by these churches of their gressive and gradual work; and it season of rest, is more particularly is on this account fitly compared to described in the next words. They a building; in which one stone is walked in the fear of the Lord, and laid upon another, till the walls are in the comfort of the Holy Ghost. raised, the roof laid on, and the Happy Christians who thus walked! whole edifice finally completed. The For indeed and in truth, there is perfect' edification of the spiritual no happiness on earth to be combuilding will take place in the pared with that which flows from kingdom of heaven; there the spi- holy intimacy with a reconciled rits of just men are made perfect; God and Father. O that we may there the divine Architect will bring all thus walk even as they walked! forth the head-stone with shoutings, The fear of the Lord here mencrying, Grace, grace unto it! tioned is not that slavish and guilty

The great care and concern then fear which torments the heart, and of Christians in this world, whe- irritates the rebellious will; but a ther they live in times of persecu- fear springing from love and gration or of outward peace, is to see titude. The whole of true religion, that this temple and house of God indeed, every grace of the renewed be carried forward. The city must soul, is included in this expression. be built, and the wall, even in As an illustration of this remark, it troublous times. But how much may be observed, that that great more diligently should we labour act of Abraham in offering up after holiness, how much more Isaac, which is called in the constantly should our spiritual im- Epistle to the Hebrews an act of provement be cultivated, when faith, and in St. James an act of there are no wars and fightings obedience, is recorded in Genesis from without to interrupt us! It as a proof that he had the fear of was thus that the churches of Ju- God before his eyes. “ Now Î know dæa, and Galilee, and Samaria that thou fearest God, seeing thou were edified. They followed after hast not withheld thy son, thine those things whereby one might only son, from me.” The truth is, edify another; and while they that this comprehensive expression sought the good of others, their includes all those holy dispositions own souls were built up in the which the true Christian exercises knowledge, and faith, and love of towards God. It is love to God the Lord Jesus. My brethren, have the Father; it is trust in God the the Christians of England thus pro- Son; it is compliance with the -fited by their deliverance from suggestions of God the Spirit. persecution ? With many, I trust, What better use can be made of this bath been the case; but is it 'external peace, that this which was made by the early churches ? fit, for a season, to withhold the They had leisure for walking in the cheering influences of his Spirit, in fear of God; and they diligently order to exercise the faith and paimproved that leisure. And while tience of his servant. But the most they thus honoured God, he bless- frequent cause is, that the Holy ed and honoured them. A mutual Spirit has been grieved by some interchange of service took place negligence or sin; and therefore between the Lord and his people: comfort is withdrawn, that the on their parts, devout and reveren- Christian

may

be led to mourn over tial fear; on his part, spiritual joys his guilt and folly, and to seek after and consolations. They walked in his offended God. Generally speakthe comfort of the Holy Ghost. Re- ing, they who most uniformly walk ligious comfort is the completion of in the fear of the Lord, walk also those gifts which Christ bestows on most uniformly in the comfort of his people in the house of their pil- the Holy Ghost. Nor is this to be grimage. The instrument through wondered at; for in them the eviwhich it is communicated is the dence of adoption and of the new Holy Scriptures : for there can be birth shines the clearest. He who no well-founded comfort, but that walketh carelessly must look to which is built upon the express pro- have his peace of mind interrupted. mises of God's word. * But the And it is a great mercy if it be inagent by whom it is communicated terrupted; for what is to be more is the third Person of the blessed dreaded than a false peace ? On the Trinity, God the Holy Ghost. He other hand, he who walketh

upit is who has created the true Chris- rightly walketh surely. His graces tian anew, and formed in him that

are kept in daily exercise. God spiritual character, and those hea- the Spirit dwells with him as a venly dispositions, to which the pro- sanctifier and a comforter; and mises of the Gospel are addressed. from time to time fills him with joys Yet though he have given us unutterable, and such as none can both the promises and the character conceive but those who have tasted which these promises imply, such them. Now this was the happy is the infirmity even of the renew- state of the primitive churches, ed soul, that it is in itself un- when, having rest from all outward able to lay hold of the comfort thus troubles, they walked in the fear of provided for it. Therefore the the Lord and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, by his direct and im- Holy Ghost. My brethren, are mediate influence, strengthens the you making this spiritual improvebeliever's faith, and enlightens his ment of the privileges which you mind, and removes doubts, and enjoy ?. Have you found these sheds abroad in his heart the love holy consolations, in the daily exof God. “ He shines upon his own ercise of repentance towards God, work in the soul,” making the be- and faith towards our Lord Jesus liever to see and know that he hath Christ? or are you earnestly desirthe witness in himself that he is a ing, seeking, reaching after them, child of God. Hence arises a set- and praying for them?: Why tled

peace and confidence; and the should not you also from this very Christian thus walks in the comfort moment and henceforward walk in of the Holy Ghost. It is certain, the fear of the Lord, and in the however, that the degrees in which comfort of the Holy Ghost? this spiritual consolation is expe- 3. Hitherto we have seen the rienced are not always the same. benefits which the church itself deAnd this may arise from various rived from outward peace and rest.

Bodily distemper may From these fruits these sprang ancloud the mind; or God may see other, in which their heathen neigh

causes.

are

bours also participated. Walking flect. They have secretly watched in this holy and happy manner, the the fruits of Christian principles. churches were multiplied. They They have seen the believer bearwere lights set upon a hill, by ing with patience trials under which which others were guided into the worldly men overwhelmed. way of salvation. They were as They have witnessed his love, joy, leaven hid in three measures of meal, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, by which the whole was leavened. meekness. This has made them They were as a grain of mustard- listen afresh to the doctrines from seed, small and diminutive, from whence these fruits of the Spirit which arose a large spreading proceeded. And thus gradually plant, under whose branches the they have been compelled to lay fowls of the air came to lodge. So aside their prejudices, and to seek enviable were the privileges of for themselves a share in the beChristians, that (according to the liever's hopes and comforts. Thus prophecy of Zechariah) men out it was that the early Christian of all languages of the nations came churches were multiplied; and and took hold of their skirts, say, thus it has been, and shall be again ing, We will go with you; for and again, whenever the power of we have heard, and like as we godliness shall manifest itself, either have heard so have we seen, that in churches or individual Christians. God is with you.

In this way, my brethren, the Upon this part of my subject I poorest among you, if he be a will make but one observation. It Christian in reality, may contriis manifestly the intention of our bute his part towards enlarging the Saviour, that his religion should be kingdom of Christ. Will not you, propagated in the world by human then, be ambitious of so honourmeans. Hence he has appointed able a service ? Will you not human ministers to preach it, say- tremble, lest through your inconing to them in every age,

Go ye sistent life the name of Christ into all the world and preach the should be blasphemed among those Gospel to every creature.” But it who know him not? O let it be is not only to ministers that he has your endeavour so to walk in the intrusted this work. The very fear of the Lord, and in the comhumblest Christian, according to fort of the Holy Ghost, as to be his measure of ability, is required the means of saving both yourself to extend the knowledge of his Sa- and those among whom you dwell. viour: and this not by words I conclude with the words of the alone; not merely by teaching his Apostle Jude. " Ye beloved, children, his companions, or his building up yourselves on your family; but most of all, by the si- most holy faith, praying in the lent preaching of a devout and holy Holy Ghost, keep yourselves in life. " O my Christian brethren, we the love of God, looking for the little think what effects may be mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ produced by the simple influence unto eternal life.” of a consistent Christian example. Now unto Him that is able to Many, after hearing sermons in keep us from falling, and to prevain, have at length been won sent us faultless before the prewithout the word-won over to sence of his glory with exceeding Christ and happiness by seeing a joy; to the only wise God our Saparent, a friend, or neighbour made viour be glory and majesty, dohappy in life and death through the minion and power, both now and Gospel. They have begun to re- ever. Amen.

LINES BY À SUNDAY SCHOOL SCHOLAR, OCCASIONED BY THE DEPARTURE OF MR. J. D. PEARSON FOR INDIA".

'Tis duty calls, its summons I attend;

The voice is loud and vibrates on my ear,
Resign your kind instructor, teacher, friend,

For he must labour in a wider sphere.
In India's climes, where sin has long maintain's

Its baneful influence o'er the poor Hindoo,
There must the Gospel tidings be proclaim’d,

The Sun of Righteousness his radiance shew.
Where idols long their votaries have deceiv'd,

There shall the standard of the cross be rais'd;
Where awful fables long have been believ'd,

There shall the glorious truth be known and prais’d.
Shall I complain because this friend of mine

In Pagan lands his future life will spend?
No, let me rather cheerfully resign

What most I prize, for such a glorious end.
What though I ne'er on earth shall hear the voice

Which broke in mildest accepts on my ear;
Yet let me in the pleasing hope rejoice,

That I shall meet in heaven with one so dear.
O yes! there is a rest prepar'd on high,

For pilgrims tir'd of pain, and noise, and strife;
When we shall burst yon ambient azure sky,

Leave düll mortality, and spring to life.
Delightful thought! May such a worm as I,

Indulge the hope of endless joys above?
'Tis not the Saviour's will that man should die,

And I may rest upon his promis'd love.
He will not turn away his pitying eye

From one who humbly seeks his smiles to share,
While on his promise I would still rely,

Assur'd that he delights to answer prayer.
Then I'll indulge the exhilarating thought

While in this desert land I'm call'd to dwell,
That I at length through mercy shall be brought

The wonders of redeeming love to tell.
Then shall a separation be unknown;

For no wide sea shall ever more divide;
The Saviour then will reign upon his throne,

And in his presence we shall safe abide.
Though now constrain’d to bid a sad farewell,

Hope points to perfect bliss beyond the sky;
Bids faith upon the pleasing prospect dwell,

And pierce the future with her eagle eye.
Then why unwilling from the duty start?

Why die the falt'ring accents on my tongue ?
Nature recoils, she feels 'tis hard to part;

Shrink not, for we shall meet again ere long.
Yes, we shall meet in yon bright world of peace,

And the Redeemer's matchless love shall tell;
Shall join to praise the Saviour's wondrous grace,

Nor have to part, nor yet to say farewell! This gentleman is now Superintendant of the Honourable East India Company's native Schools, Chinsurah, Bengal.

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ON EXTREME UNCTION. AMONG the five Sacraments (Mark, vi. 133). This anointing was which the Church of Rome has an action significant of the miracuadded to the two which our Lord lous power which healed the sick ; Jesus Christ himself instituted, ex- and it was used as Moses used his treme unction is reckoned the last. rod, Elisha used Elijah’s mantle, This is the name of the ceremony as our Lord put his finger into the observed by the Papists in anoint- deaf man's ear, and anointed the ing the body of a dying person; eyes of the blind man with clay ; and as it seems to have some sup- and as St. Paul, when he visited port from the words of Scripture, the father of Publius, “ laid hands and has thereby deceived many, upon him and healed him:" neither it is important to show that ex- the anointing nor laying on of hands treme unction, as now administer- could have cured the sick, had ed by the Romish priests, is an un

not a miraculous virtue accompascriptural practice, and deludes, nied the action, to their everlasting ruin, multitudes Let us next consider for what of persons, who trust in it as a purpose St. James, writing to means of removing their guilt, and the twelve tribes scattered abroad," atfording them an entrance into directs the use of oil to anoint the heaven.

sick. It is plain, from the words In the controversy occasioned by he uses, that he referred it to the this subject, some have referred to recovery of health; he says, our Lord's words, respecting the any sick ?” not, " Is any dying or woman who anointed him with pre- past recovery ?” he says, cious ointment; but the best in- prayer of faith shall save the sick,” formed, ashamed of attempting to not his soul, but his body; for he support their cause by what so evi- adds, “ and the Lord shall raise dently relates to a totally different him up; and if he be in sins, they thing, chiefly rest their arguments shall be forgiven him.” This last on Jam. v. 14, 15: “ Is any sick clause respecting the forgiveness of among you? let him bring in the sins, relates to what the primitive priests of the church, and let them Christians well understood, the inpray over him, anointing him with fliction of sickness and death from oil in the name of the Lord, and God, as a punishment for sin. Such, the prayer of faith shall save the St. Paul tells the Corinthians, was sick, and the Lord shall raise him the case with them for the profanaup: and if he be in sins, they shall tion of the Lord's Supper : “ For be forgiven him."-Doway Testa- this cause many are weak and sickly ment,

among you, and many sleep.” (1 The first remark to be offered Cor. xi. 30.) Thus St. James says, upon these words is, that anoint- if the sick man's illness were sent ing the sick with oil, was a com- as a judgment from God for his mon practice in hot countries, and sins, God would remove it, and reis still used as a remedy for store him to the peace of the the plague; and as the Jews sel- church. Further, we must obdom administered any medicine serve, that he ascribes the sick man's without an accompanying prayer, recovery not to the anointing, but there was a religious ceremony ob- to the prayer of faith; he exhorts served in making this use of it. In them to confess their faults one to the miraculous cures performed by another, and to pray for one anour Lord's disciples, we are told, other, that they might be healed; that 6 they anointed with oil many and to prove that “ the fervent efthat were sick, and healed them" fectual prayer of a righteous man

AUGUST 1823.

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