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as a christian grace. Fully carried And as there is nothing in the Bible out, this theory would prohibit the to prohibit the acquirement of wealth, flagon of oil and the barrel of meal, there is much to guide us in its right and would reduce us all to the widow's bestowment. Using but not abusing cruse and handful;—for it makes little God's bounties, the Christian avoids difference whether the hoard be in both the wasteful and the penurious kind, or packed up in the portable extremes, and is neither a form of money. It would justify the spendthrift. With that most elastic life of the anchorite who has no
and enlightened disciple, who knew funded property, except the roots in so well how to be abased and how to the ground and the nuts on the trees; abound, the believer can say, “ I have and it would suit very well such a learned in whatsoever state I am, state of society as Israel spent in the therewith to be content. Everywhere desert, when no skill could secure a and in all things, I am instructed, week's manna beforehand, and when both to be full and to be hungry, both the same pair of shoes lasted forty to abound and suffer need. I can do years. But as it was not for a world all things through Christ who strengthof anchorites or ascetics, -as it was eneth me.” not for a society on which the clouds It was a sultry day, and an avarishould rain miraculous supplies that cious old man, who had hoarded a the Saviour was legislating, - His large amount, was toiling away and words must have another meaning. wasting his little remaining strength, And what is that? Live by faith. when a heavenly apparition stood be. Look forward : look upward. Let fore him. “I am Solomon," it said, nothing temporal be your treasure. with a friendly voice; "what are you Whether your abode be a hut or a doing?” “If you are Solomon," ancastle, think only of the Father's swered the old man, “how can you house as your enduring, mansion. ask? When I was young you sent Whether
friends be high or low, me to the ant, and told me to consider coarse or refined, think only of just her ways; and from her I learned to men made perfect as your permanent be industrious and gather stores." associates.
And whether your pos “You have only half learned your sessions be great or small, think only son,” replied the spirit;
go once of the joys at God's right hand as more to the ant, and learn to rest the your eternal treasure. Lead a life winter of your years, and enjoy your disentangled and expedite, -setting collected treasures."* And this lesyour affections on things above, and son of moderate but cheerful spendnever so clinging to the things tem- ing, nothing teaches so effectually as poral as to lose the things eternal.
the Gospel. Reminding the believer Translated into its equivalent, mo that the life is more than meat, and ney just means food and clothing, the body more than raiment, it also and a salubrious dwelling. It means suggests to him that meat and raiinstructive books, and rational recre ment are more than money; and by ation. It means freedom from anx- saving him from the idolatry of iety, and leisure for personal improve- wealth, it emboldens him to use it: ment. It means the education of 80 that far from feeling impoverished one's children, and the power of do- when it is converted into some worthy ing good to others. And to inveigh equivalent, he can use with thankfulagainst it, as if it were intrinsically ness the gifts which his Heavenly sinful, is as fanatical as it would be to Father sends him. Within the bounds inveigh against the bread and the rai- of temperance and forethought, he ment, the books and the Bibles, which subscribes to the sentiment of our the money proçures. It would be to text, “ It is good and comely to eat stultify all those precepts which tell and to drink, and to enjoy the good us to provide things honest in the of one's labour; for the power to eat sight of all men; to do good and to thereof, and to take his portion, is communicate; to help forward desti- itself the gift of God.” tute saints after a godly sort; to make But Christianity teaches a lesson friends of the unrighteous mammon.
* Lessing's Fables,
higher still. “Remembering the words converted into christian philanthropy. of the Lord Jesus, how he said, It is Our houses tumble down; our monumore blessed to give than to receive,” ments decay; our equipages grow the true disciple will value wealth frail and shabby. But it is a fine chiefly as he can spend it on objects thing to have a fortune, and so be dear to his dear Lord. To him mo able to give a grand impulse to some ney is a talent and a trust; and he important cause. It is a happy thing will feel it a fine thing to have a for to have wealth enough to set fairly tune, because it enables him to do afloat an emancipation movement or a something notable for some noble prison reform. It is a noble thing to end. And whether, like Granville be rich enough to provide Gospel orSharpe, he spends it in pleading the dinances for ten thousand people in a cause of the oppressed and the friend vast and world-wielding capital. It is less; or, like Howard, devotes it to a blessed thing to be “a man to whom reclaim the most depraved and de- God has not only given riches and graded; or, like Simeon, purchases wealth,” but so large a heart, --so beadvowsons in order to appoint faithful neficent, so brotherly, that his fruipastors; or, like Thomas Wilson, mul- tion of his fortune is as wide as the tiplies places of worship in a crowded thousands who share it, and the remetropolis; there is no fortune which version as secure as the heaven in brings to its possessor such a return which it is treasured. of solid satisfaction as that which is
THE LIFE OF FAITH. From a Letter found in the study of a Clergyman in New England. I THOUGHT on that question, How in the world, but to know Christ and to live in this world so as to live in Him crucified. I make best way in a heaven? It is one of the common low gale: a high spirit and a high sail pleas of my heart, which I have often together, will be dangerous, and thereoccasion to study, and therefore takes fore I prepare to live low. I desire not me not unprovided. It is hard to much; I pray against it. My study is keep the helm up against so many my calling ; so much as to tend to that cross winds as we meet withal upon this I am bound to plead for; and more I sea of fire and glass. That man knows desire not. By my secluded retirenot his own heart, that finds it not ments, I have the advantage to observe difficult to break through the entan how every day's occasions insensibly glements of the world. Creature wear off the heart from God, and bury smiles stop and entice away the affec- it in itself, which they who live in care tions from Jesus Christ; creature- and slumber cannot be sensible of. I frowns encompass and tempestuate have seemed to see a need of every the spirit, that it thinks it doth well thing God gives to me, and to want to be angry. Both ways grace is a nothing that He denies me. There is loser. We had all need to watch and no dispensation, however afflictive, but pray, lest we enter into temptation. either in it or after it I find I could not The greatest of your conflicts and be without it; whether it be taken from causes of complaint seems to have me or not given to me, sooner or later their original nere.
God quiets me in himself without it. Temptations follow tempers.. As I cast all concerns on the Lord, and there are two predominant qualities in live securely on the care and wisdom the temper of every body, so there are of my heavenly Father. My ways, you two predominant sins in the temper of know, are in some sense hedged up every heart. Pride is one in all men with thorns, and grow darker and in the world. I will tell you, fami darker daily; but yet I distrust not liarly, what God hath done for my my good God, in the least, and live soul, and in what trade my soul keeps more quietly in the absence of all by toward himself. I am come to a con faith, than I should do, I am persuaded, clusion to look after no great matters if I possessed them.
Correspondence. [The Editors are not responsible for every statement or opinion of their correspondents; at the same time, their object is to open the pages of their Magazine to those only, who seek the real good of that Protestant Church with which it is in connexion.]
Convocation, on account of the conTo the Editor of the Christian Guardian.
stitution of Convocation itself, and the Dear Sir,—Is it quite a thing im- bitter and divided state of parties possible for Evangelical Churchmen within its pale. Eight years have to think well of the revival of Convo- passed away since the publication of cation ? I imagine that I hear a the bishop's remarks, and during that thousand voices reply, and that in period the conflict of parties has run tones not of the softest character,— higher and higher; while the tempo“The very idea is absurd, and alto- rary settlement of ecclesiastical quesgether out of the question."
tions, by what is considered other than So, dear sir, once thought your strictly ecclesiastical authority, has present correspondent; and it has not caused the policy of the revival of the been without much of reflection upon Church's powers of self-government the state of the Church, and the per- to be afresh freely and seriously canfect absence of all definite delibera- vassed. tive and executive power within the Now, sir, what I for one, amongst Church, that the subject has again your own section of the Church, wish seriously entered my thoughts. Will to have clearly in my own mind, is a you grant a little space to a few words, right answer to this question,--How more of an inquiring than of a sug- far are we defensible in continuing, gestive character?
year after year, to condemn the callThere are few, if any, of my bro- ing of Convocation, on the two ther members of the Church of Eng- grounds, — first, of the nature and land, who will expressly deny the constitution of the thing itself; and abstract right and propriety of a then, secondly, on the state of parties, Church to some degree of synodal and the character of the times in action. To be without this power of which we live? It does appear to self-government in spiritual matters, me that we do, by this weakness of is confessed by almost all, and in our position, give great advantage particular by one of no mean autho to that party which clamours for a rity, the present learned Bishop of revival of Convocation. We know Ossory, (Dr. O'Brien,)- to be an full well that it is for their own ends anomaly in the constitution of the and purposes, that they are strenuChurch, which is discreditable, and ously seeking for the restoration of a in many respects injurious to it.” In court which they believe would infalthe pamphlet* from which the above libly declare them to be right, and us sentence is taken, the learned prelate to be wrong; and we know that if freely acknowledges that he "hasConvocation were assembled after its long looked forward to the time when present fashion, nothing is more likely this anomaly shall be removed, as than that such a body would not be not merely rendering the Church slow in hurrying out of the Church all more perfect in theory, but more that opposed themselves to its authoefficient for the great purposes of its rity. But there seems to be a remedy institution."
here, at once safe and ample. Who After these declarations, the bishop would be mad enough to ask for such spends the remainder of his pages in a Convocation as once assembled for ably arguing against the present re active ecclesiastical legislation ; and storation of the Church's powers of which now yearly, meets, to present
the mod of a hand and foot and • “The Expediency of restoring at this time to the Church her Synodical power, considered, tongue-tied body ? Surely no one. in Remarks upon the Appendix to the late The whole Church and country would Charge of ihe Archbishop of Dublin. By James Thomas O'Brien, D, D., Bishop of Ossory, &c.”
rise and protest against such an antiSeeleys, 1843,
quated injustice. But why are we
not calmly to deliberate upon reform
It does appear to me, that ing and extending this body, so that in this very question of Convocation its constitution shall be applicable at or no Convocation, the ground we once to the wants and requirements take in altogether resisting its revival, of the Church, and in perfect keeping without attempting to remodel its with the civil and religious liberties constitution, is of too low and unof the country? I forbear, in this scriptural a character. Let us first letter, to throw out any hints upon be very sure that Churches have a the re-formation of an ecclesiastical scriptural right to the thing itself, in assembly which should present the some shape or other, and if they have, reality of an equal representation of let us not be deterred from seeking to the lay and clerical interests, com realize that form of it which shall best bined with those safe provisions which embody and give expression to the should, as far as possible, ensure the doctrines and discipline of the Church election of proper members from both of England, as a true branch of the orders. At a future time I may pos- Church of Christ. sibly offer some suggestions on these A letter of the late Rev. E. Bickpoints, which may not be without ersteth to a friend, who, at the time use; at present it is my wish merely of the proposed protest against Tracto refer for a moment or two to the tarianism, objected, on the score of “not now” argument which is so ex the evil consequences that might tensively used, to prevent even the arise from the number who would consideration of this subject.
not sign the document,-is so much I most fully admit all that has been
to my present purpose, that with said of the manifold dangers and evils the following extract I will close my to be deprecated, were the Convoca- letter :tion to be summoned in its old shape;
“The matter on which we chiefly differ and more especially, without that pre- is here: you are fearful, that if our numparedness of heart and temper so bers are only four or five thousand, the needful at the present crisis. But the remaining ten or eleven thousand will be parties who have staved off the con claimed by the Tractarians, and the issue sideration, or rather absolutely nega- be perilous to the truth. Dear brother, tived the proposition, of the propriety this is not right. This is not the new of the restoration of the Church's man,' but the old;' you know it as well self-government, have, in their anx as I do. Twelve Apostles won the day, iety to avoid possible evils, been alto and the little flock prevailed over the whole gether forgetful of the over-ruling Roman empire. It is truth, not numprovidence
of the Great Head of the bers, that prevails ; and this is simply a Church. Is it not possible for Him testimony to the truth, and it will and
must grow, and spread, and triumph, bewho guides and rules the world, to
cause it is truth." preside over, direct, and control an assembly of one branch of His Church, I have sent the above remarks in and so to over-rule their deliberations, the spirit of a Christian and a Prothat much of good to the Church, and testant Churchman, who is really glory to His great name, may be the anxious that neither High Churchresult ?
men or Tractarians should have the I cannot help thinking that we, of opportunity of saying that the Evanthe Evangelical party, are often-times gelical party are afraid of encountervery faithless in our modes of think- ing a Synod of their Church. With ing and acting upon Church ques- Christ in our midst and at our head, tions. We look at what we judge and with the Spirit for our Counsellor opposing difficulties and overwhelm- and Guide, I, for one, should desire ing numbers, and in the face of these to fear nothing, but go
forward. we dare not assume a bold, uncom
I am, dear Sir, promising attitude, or go forward in
Yours, faithfully, the promotion of truth or correction
Reviews, and Short Notices of Books.
A LETTER TO HIS GRACE THE ARCH- therly love. I considered myself happy of CANTERBURY, on the
in uniting in the worship of God with an
Anglican minister and in an Anglican Grounds of Union and Communion place of worship. Extreme Episcopalians between the Church of England and and extreme Presbyterians might object
to this Christian union. But as respects Foreign Churches, holding the Essen
myself, it is so much in accordance with tiuls of Christian Truth. By J. H. the dictates both of my conscience and Merle D'AUBIGNE, D. D. Trans of my heart, that, considering St. Paul's
declaration, · Whatsoever is not of faith lated from the French. Seeleys.
is sin,' I do not hesitate to say that, if I The occasion of the publication of had refused the invitation, I should have this pamphlet is thus stated by the committed a sin.” well-known and excellent author, The author then proceeds to explain
“ One of the motives which induced the grounds on which the Union and me to visit England was an invitation to Communion which he desires must the Ministers of the Reformed Churches
rest: and in so doing, he briefly and on the Continent, which bears your forcibly states some important prinGrace's name, together with the names of the Bishops of London and Winches ciples, to which we desire to call parter. The purport of that invitation was
ticular attention, and which cannot
better be stated than in his own • to testify the sympathy of the Rulers
words. and Clergy of the English Church with the Foreign Churches, which, although “I think that our union rests upon they differ from you in respect of order, two equally good and firm foundations. agree with
you in protesting against the The first is our common Protestantism. errors and corruptions of the Church of I shall not dwell upon this point, it is Rome.' 1 was anxious to respond to self-evident. Protestantism and Popery that appeal. I came to London ; and are now confronted together. Popery, Jast Sunday, a day on which our Reformed which has plunged Italy, Spain, PorChurches on the Continent commemo tugal, Ireland, France in some respects, rate, as yours does, the outpouring of and so many other countries into a state the Holy Spirit, I was enabled to an of ignorance, of distress, of bondage, and nounce in my own tongue the Gospel of of weakness, is desirous of establishing Christ in one of your chapels, one of itself in England upon the pretence of your clergy, the Rev. R. Burgess, Pre- curing her of her maladies. I think, my bendary of St. Paul's, having previously Lord, that England might well reply to offered up to God the fervent and Chris the Pope, Physician, healthyself.' tian prayers which are in use among you, Popery inust not be allowed to establish and which have so often edified me. itself in England with all the train of
“ A correspondent of a London Jour evils which inevitably accompany it; but nal rema: ks upon this, that it is the first Protestantism, of which Great Britain is time for two or three centuries that a the stronghold, must establish itself on service has been performed jointly by a the Continent, and there produce that minister of the Church of England, and general information, that peace, that a minister of the Reformed Churches of liberty, that prosperity, which it has the Continent. My Lord, I rejoice at given to you in such rich abundance. this commencement, if it be, indeed, the The Bible, that is to say, Protestantism, first time, as he asserts. I bless God is at once the basis of your salvation, the for it. I am aware that, in consequence spring of your power, and the standard of the Act of Uniformity, there are of your liberty. Great Britain can never Churches which cannot be opened to us. cease to be Protestant. But were such I hope that this law of exclusion will be an event possible, a fearful ruin would repealed. It is no longer in harmony be the result, not to your country only, with the spirit and the wants of the but also to the whole world. Well, my Church in the age in which we live. But Lord, it is on the basis of our common I did not think that this circumstance Protestantism that we are united, and should hinder me from grasping the this basis is at once acceptable to God hand which was held out to me in bro. and to men.