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To the Delaware Treaty, concluded at St. Mary's in the State of Sept. 24, 1829. Ohio, on the 3d of October, 1818.
March 24, 1831. WHEREAS the foregoing Treaty stipulates that the United States shall
Ante, p. 188. provide for the Delaware Nation, a country to reside in, West of the Mississippi, as the permanent residence of their Nation; and whereas the said Delaware Nation, are now willing to remove, on the following conditions, from the country on James' fork of White river in the State of Missouri, to the Country selected in the fork of the Kansas and Missouri River, as recommended by the government, for the permanent residence of the whole Delaware Nation; it is hereby agreed upon by the parties, that the country in the fork of the Kansas and Missouri Rivers, extending up the Kansas River, to the Kansas Line, and up the Missouri River to Camp Leavenworth, and thence by a line drawn Westwardly, leaving a space ten miles wide, north of the Kansas boundary line, for an outlet; shall be conveyed and forever secured by the United States, to the said Delaware Nation, as their permanent residence: And the United States hereby pledges the faith of the govern. ment to guarantee to the said Delaware Nation forever, the quiet and peaceable possession and undisturbed enjoyment of the same, against the claims and assaults of all and every other people whatever.
And the United States hereby agrees to furnish the Delaware Nation Horses, wawith forty horses, to be given to their poor and destitute people, and the cons, &c. to be use of six waggons and ox-teams, to assist the nation in removing their Delawares. heavy articles to their permanent home; and to supply them with all necessary farming utensils and tools necessary for building houses, &c: and to supply them with provisions on their journey, and with one year's provisions after they get to their permanent residence; and to have a griss and saw mill erected for their use, within two years after their complete removal.
And it is hereby expressly stipulated and agreed upon by the parties, Additional perthat for and in consideration of the full and entire relinquishment by manent anthe Delaware Nation of all claim whatever to the country now occupied
nuity. by them in the State of Missouri, the United States shall pay to the said Delaware Nation, an additional permanent annuity of one thousand dollars.
And it is further stipulated that thirty-six sections of the best land Reservation of within the limits hereby relinquished, shall be selected under the direc- land for school tion of the President of the United States, and sold for the purpose of purposes. raising a fund, to be applied under the direction of the President, to the support of schools for the education of Delaware children.
It is agreed upon by the parties that this supplementary article shall Country to be be concluded in part only, at this time, and that a deputation of a Chief, explored, &c. or Warrior, from each town with their Interpretor shall proceed with the Agent to explore the country more fully, and if they approve of said country, to sign their names under ours, which shall be considered as finally concluded on our part; and after the same shall be ratified by the President and Senate of the United States, shall be binding on the contracting parties.
In testimony whereof the United States Indian Agent, and the Chiefs and Warriors of the Delaware Nation of Indians, have hereunto set
their hands, at Council Camp, on James' fork of White River, in the
GEORGE VASHON, U. S. Ind. Agent.
These last six Chiefs and Warriors having been deputed to examine
To the Indian names are subjoined marks.
GEO. VASHON, U. S. Ind. Agent. Indian Agency, near Kansas River, 24th October, 1829.
ARTICLES OF A TREATY
Proclamation, Feb. 24, 1831.
Made and concluded by William Clark Superintendent of Indian
Affairs and Willoughby Morgan, Col. of the United States 1st Regt. Infantry, Commissioners on behalf of the United States on the one part, and the undersigned Deputations of the Confederated Tribes of the Sacs and Fores; the Medawah-Kanton, Wahpacoota, Wahpeton and Sissetong Bands or Tribes of Sioux ; the Omahas, Ioways, Ottoes and Missourias on the other part. The said Tribes being anxious to remove all causes which may hereafter create any unfriendly feeling between them, and being also anxious to provide other sources for supplying their wants besides those of hunting, which they are sensible must soon entirly fail them; agree with the United States on the following Articles.
ARTICLE I. The said I'ribes cede and relinquish to the United States forever all their right and title to the lands lying within the following boundaries, to wit: Beginning at the upper fork of the Demoine River, and passing the sources of the Little Sioux, and Floyds Rivers, to the fork of the first creek which falls into the Big Sioux or Calumet on the east side; thence, down said creek, and Calumet River to the Missouri River; thence down said Missouri River to the Missouri State line, above the Kansas; thence along said line to the north west corner of the said State, thence to the high lands between the waters falling into
Cession of lands.
the Missouri and Desmoines, passing to said high lands along the dividing ridge between the forks of the Grand River; thence along said high lands or ridge separating the waters of the Missouri from those of the Demoine, to a point opposite the source of Boyer River, and thence in a direct line to the upper fork of the Demoine, the place of beginning. But it is understood that the lands ceded and relinquished by Purposes to this Treaty, are to be assigned and allotted under the direction of the which the lands President of the United States, to the Tribes now living thereon, or to
are to be ap
plied. such other Tribes as the President may locate thereon for hunting, and other purposes.
ARTICLE II. The confederated Tribes of the Sacs and Foxes, cede Cession by and relinquish to the United States forever, a tract of Country twenty the Sacs and
Foxes. miles in width, from the Mississippi to the Demoine; situate south, and adjoining the line between the said confederated Tribes of Sacs and Foxes, and the Sioux; as established by the second article of the Treaty of Prairie du Chien of the nineteenth of August one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five.
ARTICLE III. The Medawah-Kanton, Wah-pa-coota, Wahpeton and Cession by the Sisseton Bands of the Sioux cede and relinquish to the United States Medawah-Kanforever, a Tract of Country twenty miles in width, from the Mississippi ton, &c. to the Demoine River, situate north, and adjoining the line mentioned in the preceding article.
ARTICLE IV. In consideration of the cessions and relinquishments Consideration. made in the first, second, and third articles of this Treaty, the United States agree to pay to the Sacs, three thousand dollars, — and to the Annuities. Foxes three thousand dollars; To the Sioux of the Mississippi two thousand dollars ;—To the Yancton and Santie Bands of Sioux three thousand dollars; — To the Omahas, two thousand five hundred dollars; To the Ioways two thousand five hundred dollars ;– To the Ottoes and Missourias two thousand five hundred dollars, and to the Sacs of the Missouri River five hundred dollars; to be paid annually for ten successive years at such place, or places on the Mississippi or Missouri, as may be most convenient to said Tribes, either in money, merchandize, or domestic animals, at their option; and when said annuities or any portion of them shall be paid in merchandize, the same is to be delivered to them at the first cost of the goods at St. Louis free of trans-portation. And the United States further agree to make to the said Tribes and Further allow. Bands, the following allowances for the period of ten years, and as long ances. thereafter as the President of the United States may think necessary and proper, in addition to the sums herein before stipulated to be paid them; that is to say; To the Bands of the Sioux mentioned in the third article, one Blacksmith at the expense of the United States, and the necessary tools; also instruments for agricultural purposes, and iron and steel to the amount of seven hundred dollars; To the Yancton and Santie Bands of Sioux, one Blacksmith at the expense of the United States, and the necessary tools, also instruments for agricultural purposes to the amount of four hundred dollars; To the Omahas one Blacksmith at the expense of the United States, and the necessary tools, also instruments for agricultural purposes to the amount of five hundred dollars ;-To the loways an assistant Blacksmith at the expense of the United States, also instruments for agricultural purposes to the amount of six hundred dollars; To the Ottoes and Missourias one Blacksmith at the expense of the United States, and the necessary tools, also instruments for agricultural purposes to the amount of five hundred dollars; and to the Sacs of the Missouri River, one Blacksmith at the expense of the United States and the necessary tools; also instruments for agricultural purposes to the amount of two hundred dollars. 42
Annuity for education
Yancton and Santie bands.
Lines to be run.
Reservation for Sioux half. breeds.
ARTICLE V. And the United States further agree to set apart three thousand dollars annually for ten successive years, to be applied in the discretion of the President of the United States, to the education of the children of the said Tribes and Bands, parties hereto.
Article VI. The Yanckton and Santie Bands of the Sioux not being fully represented, it is agreed, that if they shall sign this Treaty, they shall be considered as parties thereto, and bound by all its stipulations.
Article VII. It is agreed between the parties hereto, that the lines shall be run, and marked as soon as the President of the United States may deem it expedient.
Art. VIII. The United States agree to distribute between the several Tribes, parties hereto, five thousan one hundred and thirty-two dollars worth of merchandize, the receipt whereof, the said Tribes hereby acknowledge; which, together with the amounts agreed to be paid, and the allowances in the fourth and fifth articles of this Treaty, shall be considered as a full compensation for the cession and relinquishments herein made.
ARTICLE IX. The Sioux Bands in Council having earnestly solicited that they might have permission to bestow upon the half breeds of their Nation, the tract of land within the following limits, to wit: Beginning at a place called the barn, below and near the village of the Red Wing Chief, and running back fifteen miles; thence in a parallel line with Lake Pepin and the Mississippi, about thirty-two miles to a point opposite Beef or O-Boeuf River; thence fifteen miles to the Grand Encampment opposite the River aforesaid; The United States agree to suffer said half Breeds to occupy said tract of country; they holding by the same title, and in the same manner that other Indian Titles are held.
Article X. The Omahas, Ioways and Ottoes, for themselves, and in behalf of the Yanckton and Santie Bands of Sioux, having earnestly requested that they might be permitted to make some provision for their half-breeds, and particularly that they might bestow upon them the tract of country within the following limits, to wit; Beginning at the mouth of the Little Ne-mohaw River, and running up the main channel of said River to a point which will be ten miles from its mouth in a direct line; from thence in a direct line, to strike the Grand Ne-mohaw ten miles above its mouth, in a direct line (the distance between the two Ne-mohaws being about twenty miles)—thence down said River to its mouth; thence up, and with the Meanders of the Missouri River to the point of beginning, it is agreed that the half-breeds of said Tribes and Bands may be suffered to occupy said tract of land; holding it in the same manner, and by the same title that other Indian titles are held: but the President of the United States may hereafter assign to any of the said half-breeds, to be held by him or them in fee simple, any portion of said tract not exceeding a section, of six hundred and forty acres to each individual. And this provision shall extend to the cession made by the Sioux in the preceding Article.
ARTICLE XI. The reservation of land mentioned in the preceding Article having belonged to the Ottoes, and having been exclusively ceded by them; it is agreed that the Omahas, the Ioways and the Yanckton and Santie Bands of Sioux shall pay out of their annuities to the said Ottoe Tribe, for the period of ten years, Three hundred Dollars annually; of which sum the Omahas shall pay one hundred Dollars, the loways one hundred Dollars, and the Yanckton and Santie Bands one hundred dollars.
Reservation for other halfbreeds.
Annuity to Oltoes, from Omahas, &c.
ARTICLE XII. It is agreed that nothing contained in the foregoing Saving of Articles shall be so construed as to affect any claim, or right in com- rights of the mon, which has heretofore been held by any Tribes, parties to this
tribes. Treaty, to any lands not embraced in the cession herein made; but that the same shall be occupied and held by them as heretofore.
ARTICLE XIII. This Treaty, or any part thereof, shall take effect, Treaty binding and be obligatory upon the Contracting parties, so soon as the same shall when ratified. be ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof. Done and Signed and Sealed at Prairie du Chien in the Territory of
Michigan, this fifteenth day of July, in the year of our Lord one
Teeah coota, one that fires at the yellow, Mash-que-tai-paw, or Red-Head, Toh-kiah-taw-kaw, he who bites the Sheco-Calawko, or Turtle-Shell,
enemy, Kee-o-cuck, the Watchful Fox,
Nasiumpah, or the Early Riser, Poi-o-tahit, one that has no heart, Am-pa-ta-tah Wah, His Day, Os-hays-kee, Ridge,
Wah-kee-ah-tunkar, Big Thunder, She-shee-quanince, Little Gourd,
Tauchaw-cadoota, the Red Road, O-saw-wish-canoe, Yellow Bird,
Tchaws-kesky, the Elder, I-onin,
Mauzau-hautau, the Grey Iron, Am-oway,
Wazee-o-monie, the Walking Pine, Niniwow-qua-saut, He that fears mankind, Tachaw-cooash-tay, the Good Road, Chaukee Manitou, the Little Spirit,
Kie-ank-kaw, the Mountain, Moso-inn, the Scalp,
Mah-peau-mansaw, Iron Cloud, Wapaw-chicannuck, Fish of the White E-taych-o-caw, Half Face, Marsh,
Anoug-genaje, one that stands on both Mesico, Jic.
Hough-awppaw, the Eagle Head,
Hooka-mooza, the Iron Limb,
Hoatch-ah-cadoota, the Red Voice, Taweemin, Strawberry,
Wat-chu-da, the Dancer.
Wiarh-hoh-ha, French Crow,
Shans-konar, Moving Shadow, Waytee-mins,
Ah-pe-hatar, the Grey Mane, Nawayaw-cosi,
Wahmedecaw-cahn-bohr, one that prays
for the land, Manquo-pwam, the Bear's hip, (Morgan.) Kaw-Kaw.Kee, the Crow,
Wah-con-de-kab-har, the one that makes
the lightning, Mawcawtay-ee-quoiquenake, Black Neck, Watu-pawnonsh,
Mazo-manie, or the Iron that Walks, Meshaw-nuaw-peetay, the Large teeth,
Mah-kah-ke-a-munch, one that flies on Cawkee-Kamack, always Fish,
the land, Mussaw-wawquott.
Mauzau-haut-a-mundee, the Walking
Ete-tahken-bah, the Sleepy Eyes,
Ho-toh-monie, groans when he walks.
Chonques-kaw, the White Horse, Pay-taw whar, the fire owner,
Tessan, the White Cow, Kaugh Mohr, the Floating Log,
Ishtan-mauzay, Iron-Eye, Chiefs Son, Etarz-e-pah, the Bow,
Waw-shin-ga-sau-bais, Black Bird,