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: They abuse the Servants that their Mafter fent. 329 and built a Tower, and let the Grapes (a); and he also built a Tower in it, Sect. 152 it out to Husbandmen, and for the accommodation and D
and for the Accommodation and Defence of the La-! went into a far Country
Mat, XXI. (Luk. for a long Time.' bourers.; and then he let it out to Husbandmen. (MARK XII.-I. LUKE who were to pay him a certain Acknowledgment XX.–9.]
out of the Produce of it; and he himself departed
a distant Country.
due to him for the Rent. And the Husband- 35 (MARK XII. 2. LUKE XX, 10.-)
men wickedly conspiring to keep the Vineyard to
took up the Weapons, with which their Lord him-
they had driven him away.
Stones, and wounded bim dangerously in the Head,
honourably and shamefully treated. MARK XII. 5. And a- And again the third Time] be sent another of Mark XII.5. gain he sent another (the his principal Servants; and him also they wounded, third Time ;] and him they (wounded alto, and cast him as they had done the former, and cast him out of out, and ] killed : and many the Vineyard, [and] killed him : And in like others, Manner they affaulted many others, who came
but fent again lately arm
wants to treat with
(a) A Fat for the Wine.] Matthew uses the Word anvov, and Mark utoa nurov. The former fignifies the Wine-press, the other the Cavity under it, in which the Vessel was fixed, which received the Liquor pressed from the Grapes. The one of these naturally implies the other ; but our Lord might without any Impropriety mention both. Vol. II.
(b) I will
And when at last be sent his Son, they killed him. Sect. 152. with, or after him, on the same Errand, beating others, beating fome, and w some of them, and killing others Outright.
8 killing some. (LUKE XX.
12.] Luke XX. Then the Lord of the Vineyard, being still un- Luke XX. 13. Then 13 willing to proceed to the last Extremity with said the Lord of the Vinethem, tho' they had been so very wicked and yard had been fo very wicked and yard, What shall I do? I
will send my-Son. (MAR. ungrateful in their Treatment of his Servants, faid Having yet therefore One to them that were about him, What Mall 1 do Son, his well-beloved, he farther to reclaim them? I will send my own Son sent him also laft [of all] un
to them, saying, ] It may be to them ©). Having yet therefore One Son, who they will reverence smy Šon] was his well-beloved, and the Heir of the Family, when they see him. (Mat. be sent him also last of all to them, as the only gentle Expedient that remained, saying, Perhaps they will reverence my Son, when they see him (c); for surely they must needs have some Respect for
him, and will not presume to offer him any InMat. XXI. jury. But when the Husandmen saw the Son Mat. XXI. 38. But 38. come into the Vineyard, instead of paying any the son live the resfon
when the Husbandmen faw due Regard to him, they grew yet more outra- ed among themselves, faygious in their Wickedness, and reasoned among ing,]This is the Heir; come, themselves, saying. This is the only Heir of the let us kill him, and let us whole Estate ; come, let us kill him, and seize on
seize on his Inheritance,
İLux, that it may be ours. bis Inheritance (d), that [it] may be ours from Ge- (MARK XII. 7. LUKE neration to Generation, and no Descendants of our XX: 14.] Master may remain to give any Disturbance to us or our Children in the Poffeffion of it. And 39 And they caught him with malignant Hearts and cruel Hands they fell and cast him out of the Vine
yard, and flew him [MARK upon their Master's Son, and seized him ; and XII. 8. Luke XX, 15.-1 fearing neither God nor Man, they cast him out of the Vineyard, and flew bim (e), exposing his
(b) I will send my son.] The Question is not here, how prudent it would have been in a Human Father, to venture his Son in such a Case as this ; for the Power which GOD had of raising Chrift from the Dead, and making all his Sufferings redound to his Glory and Happiness, quite alters the Case. The Design is, to thew the Patience of God, and the Wickedness of the Jews, by this Emblem, than which nothing could be more expressive.
(c) Perhaps they will reverence my Son, &c.], Numberless Predictions in the Old and New Teflament plainly thew, that God foresaw Christ's Death as a certain Event. This therefore, like many others, is merely an ornamental Circumstance, which cannot without Absurdity be applied in the Interpretation of the Parable.
(d) Come, let us kill him, &c.) If such a Proposal would have been the Height of Folly, as well as Wickedness, in these Husbandmen, it was so much the more proper, to represent the Part the Jewish Rulers acted in the Murther of Christ, which they were now project. ing, and which they accomplished within Three Days. The Admonition was most graciously given; but served only in an astonishing Manner to illustrate that Degree of Hardness, to which a sinful Heart is capable of arriving.
(c) And cast him out of the Vineyard, and new him.) So Matthew and Luke express it ; but Mark has changed the Order of the Words, and lays, They killed him, and cast him out of the Vineyard; if we may not render that Clause, They both few him, and caft him out,
He will therefore destroy them, and let the Vineyard to others. 331
dead Body in a most contemptuous and insolent, Sect. 152.
as well as inhumane Manner. 40 When the Lord there when therefore the Lord of the Vineyard him- Mat. XXI. fore of the Vineyard cometh, self cometh, armed with a Power which they will 40. what will he do unto those Husbandmen ? MARK be utterly unable to resist, what will be do, think XII.9.—LukeXX.-15.) you, to those treacherous and cruel Husbandmen,
when he has them entirely at his Disposal ?
Death too severe for them to expect ; and he will
proper Seasons. Luke XX. 16.-17efus Thus did they, before they were aware, con- Luke XX. faid,] He shall come and de- demn themselves; and (Yesús added, 1 You have 16. Itroy these Husbandmen, and thaú give the Vinevará to answered right : He shall indeed quickly come. others. [MARK XIÍ.-9.] and destroy these Husbandmen of whom I speak,
whoever they shall appear to be, with terrible
so as not to determine which was done first. One cannot suppose, Christ uttered it both these Ways; so that if there be no accidental Transposition in Mark, he probably meant thereby to intimate what is hinted in the Paraphrase, the exposing his dead Body in a most daring Defiance of publick Justice. Those that explain the casting him out of the Vineyard, of Excommunication, which preceded or attended the Execution of a Capital Sentence, do not observe the proper Import of the Vineyard. See below, Note (3).
332 . Jesus applies the Parable to the Jewish Rulers. Sect. 152. Murther, which you are now contriving, to the w Guilt of all your other Crimes. I leave it there
fore to your own Consciences to judge what the Mat. XXI. Event must be. And for this Reason now Mat. XXI. 43. ThereI say unto you plainly, that the Kingdom of GOD. fore lay 1 unto you, The
; Kingdom of God Ihall be which you have thus vilely and ungratefully abused, taken from you, and given shall be taken away from you, and given to a Na- to a Nation bringing forth tion which shall bring forth the Fruits thereof: the Fruits thereof.. i. e. his Gospel shall be taken from you, and be carried to the Gentiles, who will improve it much
better than you have done. Luke XX. And when they heard this fad Denunciation, LUKE XX.-16. And 16. with which the Parable concluded. and found when they heard it, they
said, God forbid.
to us, nor can we ever believe that it will.
ty in his Countenance and Coid them, and said [unto them, unto them. What is this then that is written? (Plal. written i SDid ye never read
What is this then that is cxviii. 22, 23.) Did you never read, or never re- [MAR. this] in the Scripflect upon this remarkable Passage in the Scrip- tures,] The Stone which the tures. “ The Stone which the Builders refused, the become the Head of the Cor
Builders rejected, the same is « fame is become the Head-Stone of the Corner (f): ner: [This is the Lord's Do“ This is the Lord's Doing, and it is wonderful ing, and it is marvellous in “ in our Eyes ?” Words, which tho' they n
our Eyes ?] (MAT. XXI. feem to be accomplished in the Exaltation of Da
42. MARK. XII. 10, 11.) vid to the Jewish Throne, are in their highest Sense applicable to the Mefliah (s), who, tho' disdainfully rejected by you Scribes and Pharisees and Rulers of the People, whose Office it is to build up the Church, is nevertheless chosen by
God to be its great Support and Ornament. 38 And therefore let me plainly tell you, that whoso 18 (And] whosoever shall
(f) The Head-Stone of the Corner.] This I take to be the Meaning of the Words x PLAN gwrias, rather than the Chief Corner-Stone, as it does not appear exa&tly to answer to arps
wridlov, (Eph. ii. 20, and 1. Pet. ii. 6.) which, as the Connection in ihose Places Thews, (as well as the Use of it in other Authors,) fignifies that great Corner-Stone, which lay at the Bottom of the Building as its Support. What is mentioned afterwards of this Head-Stone falling on a Person, seems not to suit with the Supposition of its being laid on, or under the Ground. Compare Zech, iv. 7.
(8) Tho' they might seem to be accomplished in the Exaltation of David &c.] Mr. Jeffery has justly observed, (in his Review, pag. 119.) that on the Principles of Analogy this Passage will be much to the present Purpose, tho’ it should be confessed, that Pfal. cxviii. was immediately meant of David ; as it would prove, that the great Builders of Israel might refuse one, whom God intended for the Head Stone of the Corner, .
They would have seized him, but are afraid of the People. 333 fall upon [this] Stone, shall ever shall fall upon this Stone, i. e. whosoever shall Sect. 152. be broken ; but on whom- stumble at me and my Doctrine. while I am soever it shall fall, it will
Luke XX. grind him to Powder.
here on Earth in this humble Form, he mall be ÎMAT. XXI. 44.] broken and damaged by it ; but on whomsoever it
Aball fall, when raised up to so glorious an Emi-
for they plainly pera XXI. 45. MARK XII. ceived, that he had spoken this Parable of the wick12.-1 ,
ed Husbandmen that should be destroyed, against
fiance by the Application of so signal a Prophecy MAT. XXI. 46. But- to himself. But they feared the People, who Mat. XXI they feared the Multitude, were then present in the Temple, because they 40. because they took him for a Prophet : Tand they left esteemed bim as a Prophet fent from God, and him, and went their Way.] would not have borne that immediate Affault (MARK XII.-12. LUKE
upon him, which the Rage of these Rulers would XX. -19:]
otherwise have engaged them to make. And
(5) On whomsoever it mall fall, &c.] Dr. Whitby supposes, that here is an Allusion to the Two different Ways of Stoning among the Jews; the former, by throwing a Person down upon a great Stone ; and the other, by letting a Stone fall upon him. But as I cannot see, that the latter was at all more dreadful than the former, since in such a Case a quick Dispatch might seem most desirable, it seems to me that the Force and Beauty of this: pathetic Passage would be in a great measure lost by such an Interpretation.
(i) They perceived that he had spoken this Parable against them.] One would think, they could be at no Loss for the Interpretation of it, confidering how nearly it resembles that in Ifa. v. 1,-7. with which they were, no doubt, well acquainted. Only it is to be observed, that there Ifrael is the Vineyard, here the true Religion is represented under that Figure ; accordingly there it is threatened, that the Vineyard should be destroyed, but here that it thould be let out to otber Husbandinen ; each Event suiting its Connection.
in a serie then this Parable concering how nearly it is to be obfervet;