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RELIGION, &c.

329

them; a ministry should recollect that if they want to sit firm, it must be by upholding the immense domestic and colonial industry of England, which seems now abandoned for fallacious doctrines of free trade with France and other countries, while maxims, that if carried into operation, would speedily ruin a private mercantile establishment, are absurdly supposed to be the surest guides for promoting and securing the business and welfare of a commercial empire.

RELIGION, EDUCATION AND THE PRESS.-There has usually existed a very commendable harmony of religious feeling between the different persuasions,-the Wesleyans, Roman Catholics, Congregationists, and Dissenters generally, being more numerous than the Episcopalian Church, over which there is an archdeacon; the Romish Church has a bishop. Since the introduction of a local legislature, the clergy unhappily have taken an active part in the elections, by which course they have distracted the community; but it is to be hoped the excitement will gradually subside, and things will assume their former tone.

99.66

As regards the Press, there are no less than five newspapers published at St. John's weekly, namely, the "Royal Gazette," "Public Ledger," (twice a week,)" Newfoundlander," Times," and "Patriot;" their politics are various, but the latter is most distinguished by the peculiarity of its character, which is furiously radical, and at variance with the sentiments of a vast majority of the population, though edited with much industry and some talent. At Harbour Grace they publish the "Conception Bay Mercury," and at Carbonear the "Star," also weekly, both respectable journals. Of late years, the taste for

literature has greatly increased, and it is but due to
that enlightened and excellent judge, Chief-Justice
Forbes, who presided over the Supreme Court for five
years, from 1817 to 1822, to state, that he was mainly
instrumental in promoting it.

Principal Stations, with their
Branch Schools

Portugal Cove ....

Torbay

Trinity

Ship Cove

North Side...

Cuckold's Cove....

Old Bonaventure.
South Side...
Harbour Grace .....
Mosquito

Upper Island Cove
River Head

St. John's Central School...... 1824 1248 121
Quidi Vidi....

1825

90

102

River Head or Southside
Signal Hill.....

1828 155 24 117
1828 50

50

1828 180 73 100
1828

56

...

193

1825 247 101
1828 60

60

1828 71
1828 56

1829 64
1832 53

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Schools. Schools. Schools.

Total......

Established in

Total
admitted.
Now on
the Books.

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1825 451 129
1828 86

Sunday Adult Indivi

duals.

Total
admitted.
Now on
the Books.

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...

...

30

...

71

56

64

53

412 123

77

1829 151

1830 151

1829 266 132 335 135 109
1830 36

1831 120 58 152 71 63
1826 544 273 308 207 139
1832 177 140 227 130

1832

1825 187

58 50

65 126 73

1828

1829 207 90 198 106

1829 102

52 112 54

1830

56

46 137

40

41

40

37
40

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222

Branch Schools.

1830 40

1828 186 130 220 135

1829 20

...

1829 45 32 47 32
1829 100 40 54 54
1832
1831 107

29 29

...

98

1832 85

11

...

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Total

⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀⠀ admitted.

221

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5335 1733 3540 1529 1072 154 6560 2312

VALUE OF PROPERTY.

NATURE and VALUE of PROPERTY annually created in Newfoundland', and if not consumed, converted into Moveable or Immoveable Property:Animal food for 80,000 mouths, at 200 lbs. each

per annum, at 4d. per pound Fish for 80,000 mouths, at 150 lbs. each per annum,

......

at 1d. per pound.....

Bread and other vegetables for 80,000 mouths, at
3d. per day for each

Butter, milk, cheese, and eggs, for 80,000 mouths,
at 1d. per day for each
Luxuries-viz. wines, spirits, ale, tea, coffee, sugar,

&c. for 80,000 mouths, at 3d. each per day... Food for horses, cows, &c. 40,000, at 17. each Clothes and furniture worn out, for 80,000 mouths, at 11. each ....

Domestic produce

Income from business, or profits on professions
Waste by fire, loss, bad seasons, shipwreck, &c.

....

......

....

331

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£266,666

50,000

365,000

....

120,166

80,000 500,000 100,000 10,000

£1,896,832

365,000

40,000

Total annual production of property

VALUE OF MOVEABLE PROPERTY. Horses, 1,000, at 107. each

Horned Cattle, 10,000, at 51. each.

Sheep, 10,000, at 17. each

Swine, 20,000, at 17. each
Poultry

House furniture, &c. 15,000 houses, at 107. each..
Clothing and equipage, 80,000 mouths, at 57. each
Machinery and farming implements, &c.

Bullion and Coin

Ships, boats, timber, and other merchandise

Total moveable property

1 The statistics of the island are so vague, that a very imperfect estimate can only be made of property; an estimate is however given for the purpose of promoting further inquiry.

£10,000

50,000

10,000

20,000

2,000

150,000

400,000

20,000

60,000

200,000

£922,000

VALUE OF IMMOVEABLE PROPERTY.

Houses, 15,000, at 10%. each

Warehouses, mills, &c.
Arable land, 100,000 acres, at 51. per acre
Land granted, but untilled, 200,000 acres, at 11.

....

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per acre
Land not granted, fit for use, 1,000,000 acres, at 5s.
per acre.

Roads, canals, dykes, bridges, wharfs, &c.
Forts, gaols, churches, barracks, &c.....
Manufactories, mines, quarries, fisheries, &c.

Total immoveable property..

Total moveable and immoveable

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...

.....

£150,000

100,000

500,000

200,000

250,000

50,000

300,000 1,000,000

£2,550,000

.£5,368,832

SOCIAL STATE.-On this head there are not many remarks necessary, even did space permit; the inhabitants are principally divided into fishermen, traders, and merchants: the population is of a shifting nature; but under the fostering care of a local legislature will probably become more stationary. Agriculture is extending annually, and in general it has rewarded the toil and labour of the careful and industrious husbandman. The land might be made extensively useful in grazing farms; and as potatoes can be raised with much facility, hogs may be fed with success after the country is more opened and cleared.-It has been suggested the new government house, erected at an enormous expense, and quite disproportioned to the salary of the governor, might readily be converted into apartments for the legislative council and assembly to hold their sessions. At St. John's they have a Commercial Society, out of which a Chamber

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333

of Commerce is chosen annually, to watch over and promote the trade and fisheries. There is a branch of the Bank of British North America now open at St. John's. The capital has a Benevolent Irish Society, and two Benefit Societies, under the denomination of the "Association of Fishermen and Shoremen," and a "Mechanics' Institution." There is also a Benevolent Irish Society in Conception Bay.

SOCIAL STATE.

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