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To filial, works of law to works of faith.
And therefore shall not Moses, though of God
Highly belov’d, being but the minister
Of law, his people into Canaan lead;
But Joshua whom the Gentiles Jesus call,

310
His name and office bearing, who shall quell
The adversary Serpent, and bring back
Through the world's wilderness long wander'd man
Safe to eternal Paradise of rest.
Mean while they in their earthly Canaan plac'd 315
Long time shall dwell and prosper, but when fins
National interrupt their public peace,
Provoking God to raise them enemies ;
From whom as oft he saves them penitent
By judges first, then under kings ; of whom

320 The second, both for piety renown'd And puissant deeds, a promise shall receive Irrevocable, that his regal throne

For of Jesus; and the names are the of the Gentiles; and again by St. fame, Joshua according to the He. Paul, Heb. IV. 8. If Jesus, that is brew, and Jesus in Greek. The if Joshua, bad given them reff, then Seventy always render Jolhua by would he not afterward bave spoken Jesus, and there are two passages in of another day. And the name Jothe New Testament where Jesus is fhua or Jesus fignifies a Saviour. used for Joshua, once by St. Stephen, - a promise fhall receive &c.) Acts VII.45. The tabernacle which The poet alludes here to the followour fathers brought in with Jefus, ing prophecies : And thine house, and that is with Joshua, into the polefion thy kingdom fall be eftablished for

322.

For ever shall indure; the like shall sing
All prophecy, that of the royal stock

325
Of David (fo I name this king) shall rise
A Son, the Woman's feed to thee foretold,
Foretold to Abraham, as in whom shall trust
All nations, and to kings foretold, of kings
The last, for of his reign shall be no end. 330
But first a long succession must ensue,
And his next son, for wealth and wisdom fam’d,
The clouded ark of God, till then in tents
Wand'ring, shall in a glorious temple inshrine.
Such follow him as shall be register'd

335 Part good, part bad, of bad the longer scroll, Whose foul idolatries, and other faults

Heap'd ever before thee; thy throne small be Matth. XXII. 42. foretold to thee as established for ever, 2 Sam. VII. 16. the Woman's feed, Gen. III. 15. And this promise is called irrévoca- foretold to Abraham as a person in ble, for says God Pfal. LXXXIX. whom all nations fhall trust, Gen. 34, 35, 36. My covenant will I not XXII. 18. And in thy seed hall all break, nor alter the thing that is gone the nations of the earth be blessed, out of my lips. Once have I sworn and in him shall the Gentiles truft, by my holiness that I will not lie unto Rom. XV. 12. and to kings foretold, David. His feed shall indure for ever, as the last of kings, for of his reign and his throne as the sun before me. shall be no end, according to the de. The poet goes on, the like shall fing claration of the Angel, Luke I. 32, all prophecy, all the prophets shall 33. The Lord God Mall give unto foretel the same, that of the royal him the throne of his father David; flock of David foall rise a Son, inso- And he mall reign over the house of much that when the Pharisees were Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom asked Whose son is Christ, they all here shall be no end. So thoroughly readily answer. The son of David. has our author ftudied all the parts

of

Heap'd to the popular sum, will fo incense
God, as to leave them, and expose their land,
Their city', his temple, and his holy ark 340
With all his sacred things, a scorn and prey
To that proud city, whose high walls thou saw'st
Left in confusion, Babylon thence callid.
There in captivity he lets them dwell
The space of sev'nty years, then brings them back,
Remembring mercy, and his covenant sworn
To David, stablish'd as the days of Heaven,
Return’d from Babylon by leave of kings
Their lords, whom God dispos’d, the house of God
They first re-edify, and for a while

350 In mean estate live moderate, till grown

In.

346

: 342.

of holy Scripture, and digested them ham, ver. 128: but the Mediterra. into this work.

nean, and Hermon, and the Nile,

seas, and mountains, and rivers, are whose high walls thou fuch places as existed at that very

faw'&c.] I know not time, whereas the walls of Babel whether the poet has not here for- or Babylon were not built till several gotten himself a little ; for it is not years afterwards, and Adam seems strictly true, that Adam saw the now to have lost his prospect of walls left in confusion; it was no things future; as the Angel says, I part of Adam's vision; it is only a perceive thy mortal fight to fail, part of the Angels narration in this ver. 9. We mut not therefore unbook. I was thinking then that derstand the expression litterally; perhaps Adam might see places, tho' for verbs of seeing are often extended he could not see persons; as he sees beyond the bare act, and are apthe Nile, ver. 158, and mount Her- plied to other senses and other faculmon and the Mediterranean, ver. ties of the mind, 142, tho' he could not fee Abra

355.-their

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In wealth and multitude, factious they grow;
But first among the priests dissension springs,
Men who attend the altar, and should most
Endevor peace : their strife pollution brings

355
Upon the temple’ itself: at last they seise
The scepter, and regard not David's sons,
Then lose it to a stranger, that the true
Anointed king Messiah might be born
Barr'd of his right; yet at his birth a star 360
Unseen before in Heav'n proclames him come,
And guides the eastern sages, who inquire
His place, to offer incense, myrrh, and gold ;
His place of birth a solemn Angel tells
To fimple shepherds, keeping watch by night; 365
They gladly thither hafte, and by a quire
Of squadron’d Angels hear his carol lung,
A virgin is his mother, but his fire
The pow'r of the most High; he shall ascend
The throne hereditary, and bound his reign 370

With 355. their strife pollution brings At last they feise the scepter, Aristo, Upon the temple itself: &c.] For it bulus eldett fon of Hyrcanus, highwas chiefly through the contetts be- priest of the Jews, was the first who tween Jason and Menelaus, high- assumed the title of king after the prielts of the Jews, that the temple Babylonith captivity ; before Chrift was polluted by Antiochus Epipha- 107. And regard not David's fons, nes. See 2 Maccab. V. and Prideaux. none of that family having had the

govern.

ز

from my

With earth's wide bounds, his glory with the Heavens.

He ceas’d, discerning Adam with such joy , Surcharg’d, as had like grief been dew'd in tears, Without the vent of words, which these he breath'd. O prophet of glad tidings, finisher

375 Of utmost hope ! now clear I understand What oft my steddiest thoughts have search'd in vain; Why our great expectation should be callid The seed of Woman: Virgin Mother, hail, High in the love of Heav'n, yet from

loins 380 Thou shalt proceed, and from thy womb the Son Of God most High ; so God with Man unites. Needs must the Serpent now his capital bruise Expect with mortal pain : say where and when 384 Their fight, what stroke shall bruise the victor's heel.

To whom thus Michael. Dream not of their fight, As of a duel, or the local wounds Of head or heel : ,not therefore joins the Son Manhood to God-head, with more strength to foil

Thy government fince Zerubbabel. Then

With earth's wide bounds, bis glory lose it to a stranger, to Herod who with the Heavens. ] was an Idumean, in whose reign Christ was born. See Josephus and Imperium oceano, famam qui ter. Prideaux.

minet aftris.

Virg. Æn. I. 287. 370,

and bound bis reign

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394. - bis

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