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Thy enemy; nor so is overcome
390 Satan, whose fall from Heav'n, a deadlier bruise, Disabled not to give thee thy death's wound: Which he, who comes thy Saviour, shall recure, Not by destroying Satan, but his works In thee and in thy seed: nor can this be, 395 But by fulfilling that which thou didst want, Obedience to the law of God, impos'd On penalty of death, and suffering death, The penalty to thy transgression due, And due to theirs which out of thine will grow: 400 So only can high justice rest appaid. The law of God exact he shall fulfil Both by obedience and by love, though love Alonę fulfil the law; thy punishment
his works To save them, &c.] Dr. Bentley In thee and in thy feed:) 1 John says that the construction demands JII. 8. For this purpose the Son of Do save them, and so he supposes God was manifested, that he might that Milton gave it. But I cannot defiroy the works of the Devil. see with what propriety, when Mi. 400. And due to theirs which out chael is speaking of things to come,
of thine will grow:] Punish- and using the future tense before ment is due to men's actual trans- and after this sentence, he can here gressions, tho' the original depravity, jump at once into the present tense the transgreflion of Adam, was the do, and represent Christ's merits as root of them. Richardson. then actually saving them. And yet 403.
tho' I dislike the Doctor's alteration, Alone fulfil the law ;) Rom. XIII, I confess that there is a difficulty 10. Love is the fulfilling of the law. in the common reading. The only 409. bis merits sense that I can make of it is this,
He shall indure by coming in the flesh 405
Which redemption and obedience are For it is written, Cursed is every one his merits to save them, and not their that hangeth on a tree. Gal. III, 13. own works, tho' legal ones and Deut. XXI. 23. ftrictly conformable to the law.
415. But to the cross he nails thy Pearce.
enemies,] The enemies of I rather understand the passage thus. Adam were the law that was against I apprehend that the verb believe him and the fins of all mankind as governs the rest of the sentence, springing originally from him, and Proclaming life to all who shall be therefore in some sense chargeable lieve in his redemption, and shall be upon him. The author in this pallieve that bis obedience imputed be- fage alludes to Col. II. 14. Blotting comes theirs by faith, and shall be out the hand witing of ordinances lieve his merits to save them, not their that was against us, which was conown, though legal works.
trary to us, and took it out of the 413. À foameful and accurs'd] way, nailing it to his cross.
But soon revives ; death over him no power 420
435 Nor after resurrection shall he stay Longer on earth than certain times to' appear
424. Tby ranjome paid,] The two
this God-like act first editions have Thy (the later ones Annuls thy doom, &c. Pearce. The): and Milton's word may be 432. And fix far deeper in bis bead defended, if we suppose that Adam is here spokeri of not as a single Than temp'ral death shall bruise the person, but as one in whose loins all victor's heel,] Before we come mankind was contain'd, or as one to a conclufion, it may be proper to who was representative of the whole remark here once for all, thai Milhuman species. And so the poet speaks ton makes no distinction between again in ver. 427.
To his disciples, men who in his life
445. For death, like that which the
Redeemer dy'd.) Dr. Bentley fo much habituated to the other ; and at the same time he frequently says (and it is not improbable) that
the author gave it, uses theirs, and there seems to be no reason why the one should be writ which their Redeemer dy'd.
457. - EX.
Then enter into glory, and resume
465 So spake th’ Arch-Angel Michaël, then paus'd, As at the world's great period ; and our fire Replete with joy and wonder thus reply'd.
457. exalted high
469. O Goodness infinite, Goodness Above all names in Heav'n;] Philip.
immense! &c.] The poet II. 9. Wherefore God also hath highly has very finely represented the joy exalted him, and given him a name and gladness of heart, which rises which is above every name. Or as in Adam upon his discovery of the it is exprefs'd Eph. I. 20, 21. Hath Melliah. As he sees his day at a set him at his own right hand in the distance through types and shadows, keavenly places, above every name he rejoices in it; but when he finds that is named, not only in this world, the redemption of man completed, bilt also in that which is to come. and Paradise again renew'd, he 459. When this world's disolution breaks forth in rapture and transport:
jhall be ripe,] In the later I have binted before, that an heroic editions we have ihe world's: but poem, according to the opinion of I prefer this, which is found in the the best critics, ought to end hap-. two first; because this reading ad- pily, and leave the mind of the mits the i&us on the second syllable reader, after having conducted it of the verse (where it ought to be} through many doubts and fears, forwhereas the other reading throws it rows and disquietudes, in a state of off upon the third. Pearce. tranquillity and satisfaction, Milcon's