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Gunning Bedford jun Delaware
James AbcHenry Mbaryland Dan of S'Thos Jenifer
Charles Cotesworth Pinckney South Carolina
Altest William Jackson Secretary
The following articles in addition to, and amendment of, the Constitution of the United States of America, have been ratified by the requisite number of States, and, pursuant to the fifth Article of the original Constitution, have become a part of that instrument.
Rights of CONSCIence, freedom of the press, &c.
Article the first...Congress shall make law
an establish ment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press ; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
Article the second... A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the secu= uity of a free State, ihe night of the people to keep and bear Árms, shall not be infringed.
Article the third... N. Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered
house, without the consent of
Right to bear arms.
Of quartering troops.
the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.
Article the fourth ...The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses
, papers, and effects, against reasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
Article the fifth ..... No person shall be held to answer
for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases
naval e forces, or in the Milis tia, when in actual service in time of
public danger ; nor shall
Indictments, punishments, &c.
arising in the
land or no
Judictments, punishments, &c.
Trial in criminal cases, and the rights of a defendant.
any person be subject for the same offence to be twice put in jeopardy of dife or limb; nor shall be compelled
Criminal Case to be a witness any against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due pro
of law; nor' shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.
Article the sixth .....In all crimiz nal prosecutions, the accused shall en= joy the right to a speedy and public
impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously tained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation ; to be confronted with the witnesses against him ; to have Compulsory process for obtaining Witńesses in
his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.
Árticle the seventh ..In Suits at Trinta in common law, where the value in con= leoversy shall exced twonty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be proserved, and no fact tried by
jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.
Article the eighth ... Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines
imposed, nor cruel and unusual pun= ishments inflicted.
Article the ninth. The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny parage others utained by the people.
Article the tenth ...The powers not rower roo delegateda to the United States by the
Bail and fines.