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God, and have taken strange wives of evil way, &c. Who can tell, if God the people of the land; yet now there will turn and repent, and turn away is hope in Israel concerning this from his fierce anger, that we perish thing. Now, therefore, let us make not ?-Jonah iii. 8.–10. à covenant with our God, to put Seek
ye the Lord, all ye meek, &c. away all the wives, &c.-Ezra x. 2, 3. It may be ye shall be hid in the day
O my God, I cry in the day time, of the Lord's anger.-Zeph. ii. 3. and thou hearest not, &c. be not far The woman who had had the bloody from me, &c.—Ps. xxii. 2-12. issue twelve years, and had spent
It is good for a man that he bear much upon physicians to no purpose, the yoke in his youth, &c. He putteth came and touched Christ, and was his mouth in the dust, if so be there healed. - Luke viii. 43–48. John may be hope.—Lam. iii. 27. 29.
V. 5-9. Israel said, Our bones are dried, The woman of Canaan, though and our hope is lost; we are cut off Christ answered her roughly, cried for our parts, &c. Thus saith the still, and prevailed.—Mark vii. 26,&c. Lord, Behold, O my people, I will Repent therefore of this thy wickedopen your graves, and cause you to ness, and pray God, if perhaps the come up out of your graves, and bring thought of thy heart may be forgiven you into the land of Israel.—Ezek. thee : for I perceive that thou art in xxxvii. 11--13.
the gall of bitterness, and in the bond O king, &c. break off thy sins by of iniquity.--Acts viii. 22, 23. righteousness, &c. if it may be a In meekness instructing those that lengthening of thy tranquillity (or oppose themselves, if God peradvenhealing of thine error).-Dan. iv. 27. ture will give them repentance to the
Rend your heart, &c. who know- acknowledgment of the truth ; and eth if he will return and repent, and that they may recover themselves out leave a blessing behind him ? &c.— of the snare of the devil, who Joel ii. 13, 14.
taken captive by him at his will. Hate the evil, and love the good, 2 Tim. ii. 25, 26. and establish judgment in the gate; it may be that the Lord God of hosts
CHAP. XLVIII. will be gracious unto the remnant of Joseph. Amos v. 15.
GOD IS NOT REGARDLESS OF THE FIRST The ship was like to be broken, &c. Jonah was gone down into the
LIATION, BUT FREQUENTLY sides of the ship, and he lay, and was fast asleep; and the shipmaster came He only of Jeroboam shall come to to him, and said unto him, &c. Arise, the grave, because in him there is call upon thy God, if so be that God found some good thing toward the will think upon us, that we perish Lord God of Israel, in the house of not.-Jonah i. 4-6.
Jeroboam.-1 Kings xiv, 13. Jonah (when in the fish's belly) Ahab, &c. rent his clothes, and put said, I am cast out of thy sight, yet sackcloth upon his flesh, &c. and went I will look again toward thy holy softly, &c. Seest thou how Ahab temple, &c: when my soul fainted humbleth himself before me? bewithin me, I remembered the Lord, cause he humbleth himself before me, and my prayer came in unto thee, I will not bring the evil in his days. into thine holy temple. - Jonah ii. - 1 Kings xxi. 27. 29. 1-4. 7.
Jehu commended and rewarded for Let man and beast be covered with his zeal, in executing the judgments sackcloth, and cry mightily unto God: of God upon Ahab's house.—2 Kings yea, let them turn every one from his X. 30.
ESSAYS AND INSTANCES OF HUMI
MENDS AND REQUITES THEM.
Because thine heart was tender Lord thy God.-Deut. xxiii. 21–23. (saith God to Josiah) and thou hast Eccles. v. 4, 5. humbled thyself before the Lord, &c. Israel vowed a vow to the Lord, and hast rent thy clothes, and hast and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver wept before me: I also have heard this people into my hand, then I will thee, saith the Lord. Behold, there- utterly destroy their cities.-Numb. fore, I will gather thee unto thy fa- xxi. 2, 3. thers, and thou shalt be gathered into Jephthah's vow, to dedicate to God thy grave in peace, and thine eyes whatever came forth of the doors of shall not see all the evil which I will his house to meet him: after his vicbring upon this place.-2 Kings xxii. tory his daughter met him; who did 19, 20.
with her according to his vow. When the Lord saw that Reho- Judges xi. 30–39. boam, and the princes humbled them Hannah vowed to give her child selves, he said, I will not destroy unto the Lord ; and she performed them, but I will grant them some de- it.—1 Sam. i. 11. 27, 28. liverance, &c. God would not de Absalom pretended a vow which stroy him altogether.—2 Chron. xii. he had vowed unto the Lord, that he 6, 7. 12.
might go to carry on the conspiracy Thus saith the Lord, I remember he designed against his father David. thee, the kindness of thy youth, the —2 Sam. xv. 1–10. love of thine espousals, when thou Offer unto God thanksgiving: and wentest after me in the wilderness, pay thy vows unto the Most High.in a land that was not sown.-Jer. Ps. 1. 14. ii. 2.
Thy vows are upon me, O God: I Thus God did note and commend will render praises unto thee.-Ps. the good of the churches in Asia.- lvi. 12. Rev. ii. 2,3. 9. 13. 19. iii. 4. 8. 10, 11. Thou, O God, hast heard my vows :
thou hast given me the heritage, &c. CHAP. XLIX.
So will I sing praise unto thy name
for ever, that I may daily perforın OF VOWS AND PROMISES TO GOD.
my vows.-Ps. Ixi, 5. 8. Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God I will goi into thy house with burntwill be with me, and will keep me in offerings : I will pay thee my vows, this way that I go, and will give me which my lips have uttered, &c. when bread to eat, &c. then shall the Lord I was in trouble.-Ps. Isvi. 13, 14. be my God.—Gen. xxviii. 20—22. Vow, and pay unto the Lord your Xxxi. 13.
God.—Ps. lxxyi. ll. The laws for redemption of things I will pay my vows unto the Lord, vowed.-Levit. xxvii.
now, in the presence of all his peoThe law about vows ; where it ple.-Ps. cxvi. 14. binds, and is to be kept, and where It is a snare to the man who denot.-Numb. xxx.
voureth that which is holy; and after When thou shalt vow a vow unto vows, to make inquiry.- Prov. xx. 25. the Lord thy God, thou shalt not When thou vowest unto God, defer slack to pay it: for the Lord thy not to pay it ; for he hath no pleaGod will surely require it of thee, sure in fools, &c. Better is it that and it would be sin in thee. But if thou shouldest not vow, than that thou shalt forbear to vow, it shall be thou shouldest vow and not pay.no sin in thee. That which is gone Eccles. v. 4, 5. out of thy lips, thou shalt keep and God threatens Israel for saying, perform, even a freewill offering, ac- they would perform their vows which cording as thou hast vowed unto the they had made, to burn incense to the
queen of heaven, &c.--Jer. xliv. &c. how much less shall your God 25, &c.
deliver you out of mine hand? And I will pay that which I have vowed. his servants spake yet more against -Jonah ii. 9.
the Lord God, and against his servant Paul had shorn his head in Cen- Hezekiah. He wrote also letters, chrea; for he had a vow.--Acts to rail on the Lord God of Israel, and xviii. 18.
to speak against him, &c. And they We have four men which have a spake against the God of Jerusalem, vow on them; them take, and purify as against the gods of the people of thyself with them, &c. And all may the earth, which were the works of know, &c. that thou thyself also the children of men.—2 Chron. xxxii. walkest orderly, and keepest the law. 9-20. As touching the Gentiles which be The shame of my face hath covered lieve, we have written, and concluded me, for the voice of him that rethat they observe no such thing, save proacheth and blasphemeth.
Ps. only, &c.—Acts xxi. 23, &c.
xliv. 15, 16. The law about the vows of a O God, how long shall the adverdaughter, in her father's house: and sary reproach? Shall the enemy blasof a married person.-Numb. xxx. pheme thy name for ever?
Remember this, that the enemy hath reCHAP. L.
proached, O Lord, and that the fool
ish people hath blasphemed thy name. OF BLASPHEMY.
Ps. lxxiv. 10. 18. 22. And the Israelitish woman's son Render unto our neighbours sevenblasphemed the name of the Lord, and fold into their bosom, their reproach, cursed; and they brought him unto wherewith they have reproached thee, Moses, &c. and they put him in ward, O Lord.-Ps. Ixxix. 12. that the mind of the Lord might be What have I here, saith the Lord, shewed unto them. And the Lord that my people is taken away for spake unto Moses, saying, Bring forth nought ? &c. and my name continuhim that hath cursed, without the ally
every day is blasphemed ? — Isa. camp; and let all that heard him lay lii. 5. their hands upon his head, and let all In this your fathers have blasthe congregation stone him, &c. phemed me, in that they have comWhosoever curseth his God, shall mitted a trespass against me, when bear his sin : and he that blasphemeth I had brought them into the land, &c. the name of the Lord, he shall Then they saw every high hill, and surely be put to death.—Levit. xxiv. all the thick trees; and then they 11-16. 23.
offered sacrifices there, &c.— Ezek. Jezebel, king Ahab's wife, com- XX. 27, 28. manded the nobles to set up false Thou shalt know that I am the witnesses against Naboth, to testify Lord, and that I have heard all thy that he did blaspheme God and the blasphemies, which thou hast spoken king; and so stone him to death: against the mountains of Israel, saywhich accordingly they did.—1 Kings ing, They are laid desolate, they are xxi. 8–13. Acts vi. 11. 13.
given us to consumne. Thus with Sennacherib, king of Assyria, by your mouth you have boasted against his servants said, Who among all the me, and have multiplied your words gods, &c. could deliver his people against me.—Ezek. xxxv. 12, 13. out of mine hand, that your God When Christ had said to the sick should be able to deliver you out of man, Thy sins are forgiven thee, then mine hand ? &c. No god of any na- behold certain scribes said within tion or kingdom was able to deliver, themselves, This man blasphemeth,
&c. The Pharisees said, He casteth have heard him speak blasphemous out devils by the prince of devils.- words against Moses and against God. Matt. ix. 2, 3. 34. Luke v. 21. Mark -Acts vi. 11. 13. ji. 7.
When Herod had spoken, &c. the The Pharisees said, This fellow people gave a shout, saying, It is the doth not cast out devils, but by Beel- voice of a god, and not of a man. zebub the prince of the devils, &c. And immediately the angel of the Jesus said, If I cast out devils by the Lord smote him, because he gave not Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God the glory, &c.-Acts xii. 21–23. God is come unto you, &c. Where Paul testified to the Jews, that fore. I say unto you, All manner of Jesus was the Christ. And when sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven they opposed themselves, and blasunto men; but the blasphemy against phemed, he shook his raiment, and the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven said unto them, Your blood be upon unto men. And whosoever speaketh your heads, &c. Acts xviii. 5, 6. a word against the Son of man, it xix. 9. xiii. 45. shall be forgiven him: but whosoever I punished them oft in every synaspeaketh against the Holy Ghost, it gogue, and compelled them to blasshall not be forgiven him, neither in pheme; and being exceeding mad this world, neither in the world to against them, &c.-Acts xxvi. 11. come. - Matt. xii. 24. 28. 31, 32. The name of God is blasphemed Luke xii. 10.
among the Gentiles, through you, &e. Hereafter shall ye see the Son of -Rom. ii. 23, 24. man sitting on the right hand of But now ye also put off all these, power, and coming in the clouds of anger, &c. blasphemy, &c.—Col. iii. 8. heaven. Then the high priest rent Putting me into the ministry, who his clothes, saying, He hath spoken before was a blasphemer, &c. Alexblasphemy: what farther need have ander, whom I have delivered unto we of witnesses ? behold, now, ye Satan, that they may learn not to blashave heard his blasphemy.- Mait. pheme.—1 Tim. i. 12, 13. 20. xxvi. 64, 65.
Servants, &c. count your own masHe that shall blaspheme against ters worthy of all honour, that the the Holy Ghost, hath never forgive- name of God, and his doctrine, be not ness, but is in danger of eternal dam- blasphemed.- 1 Tim. vi. 1. nation; because they said, He hath Men shall be lovers of their ownan unclean spirit.—Mark iii. 29. 30. selves, &c. blasphemers, &c.—2 Tim.
From within, out of the heart of iii. 2. men, proceed evil thoughts, blasphe Discreet, chaste, keepers at home, mies, &c.—Mark vii. 21, 22.
good, obedient to their own husbands, They, &c. asked him, saying, Pro- that the word of God be not blasphesy, who is it that smote thee? phemed.-Titus ii, 5. And many other things blasphemously Do not rich men oppress you ? &c. spake they against him. - Luke xxii. Do not they blaspheme that worthy 64, 65.
name by the which ye are called For a good work we stone thee James ii. 6,7. not; but for blasphemy; because They think it strange that you run that thou, being a man, makest thy- not with them to the same excess of self God, &c. Say ye of him whom riot, (or blaspheming), speaking evil the Father hath sanctified, and sent of you.—1 Pet. iv. 4. into the world, thou blasphemest; I know the blasphemy of them, because I said, I am the Son of God who say they are Jews, and are not, -John x. 33. 36.
but are the synagogue of Satan.They suborned men, who said, We Rev: -ij. 9.
I saw a beast, &c. and upon his They could not drink of the water heads the name of blasphemy, &c. of Marah, for they were bitter, &c. And there was given unto him a And the people murmured against mouth speaking great things, and Moses, saying, What shall we drink? blasphemies, &c. and he opened his —Exod. xv. 23, 24. mouth in blasphemy against God, to And the whole congregation of blaspheme his name, and his taber- the children of Israel murmured nacle, and them that dwell in heaven. against Moses and Aaron in the wil-Rev. xiii. 1. 5, 6.
derness; and the children of Israel And men were scorched with great said unto them, Would to God we heat, and blasphemed the name of bad died by the hand of the Lord, in God, which hath power over these the land of Egypt, when we sat by plagues : and they repented not, to the flesh pots, and when we did eat give him glory, &c. They gnawed bread to the full ; for ye have brought their tongues for pain, and blas- us forth into this wilderness, to kill phemed the God of heaven, because this whole assembly with hunger, &c. of their pains and their sores; and Ye shall see the glory of the Lord, repented not of their deeds, &c. Men for that he heareth your murmurings blasphemed God, because of the against the Lord : and what are we, plague of hail, &c.-Rev. xvi. 9--12. that ye murmur against us ? &c.
Your murmurings are not against us,
but against the Lord.—Exod. xvi. 2, CHAP. LI.
3. 7, 8. 12. ISRAEL'S MURMURINGS AGAINST GOD
The people did chide with Moses,
and said, Give us water, that we AND MOSES, WHEN GOD WAS IN HIS
may drink. And Moses said unto
them, Why chide you with me? WHEN Moses and Aaron had been wherefore do you tempt the Lord ? with Pharaoh, and Pharaoh had made And the people thirsted there for their burden heavier, they met Moses water : and the people murmured and Aaron, who stood in the way as against Moses, and said, Wherefore they came forth from Pharaoh ; and is this, that thou hast brought us up they said unto them, The Lord look out of Egypt, to kill us, and our chilupon you, and judge; because you dren, and our cattle with thirst ? &c. have made our savour to be abhorred They tempted the Lord, saying, Is (or to stink) in the eyes of Pharaoh, the Lord among us, or not ?- Exod. and in the eyes of his servants, to put xvii. 2, 3. 7. a sword in their hands to slay us. When the people complained, it Exod. v. 1, 2. 6, 7. 20, 21.
displeased the Lord, &c. and his When they were pursued by the anger was kindled, and the fire of Egyptians, they cried unto the Lord: the Lord burnt, &c. And the mixt and they said unto Moses, because multitude that was among them fell there were no graves in Egypt, hast a lusting : and the children of Israel thou taken us away to die in the also wept again (or murmured and wilderness? Wherefore hast thou wept), and said, Who shall give us dealt thus with us, to carry us forth flesh to eat? We remember the fish out of Egypt? Is not this the word which we did eat in Egypt freely : that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, the cucumbers, and the melons, and Let us alone, that we may serve the the onions, and the garlick ; but now Egyptians ? For it had been better our soul is dried away, there is nofor us to serve the Egyptians, than thing at all besides this manna, bethat we should die in the wilderness. fore our eyes, &c. God gave
them -Exod. xiv. 10–12.
but while the flesh was yet
WAY OF REDEEMING THEM.