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22 And he removed from thence, and sojourning here below. According to our digged another well; and for that they strove state, when it comes, will be our eternal doom. not: and he called the name of it ’Rehoboth;
Our great business, therefore, is so to live, that and he said, For now the Lord hath made
when we are called to depart this life, we may room for us, and we shall be fruitful in the land. 23 And he went up from thence to Beer
enter upon that inheritance which “ fadeth sheba.
not away.” (1 Peter i. 4.) 24 And the LORD appeared unto him the Everything we meet with in our pilgrimage same night, and said, I am the God of Abra should remind us of the necessity of preparing ham thy father: fear not, for I am with thee, for our latter end. Isaac had buried his father and will bless thee, and multiply thy seed for
and mother. We may hope that the loss of my servant Abraham's sake.
such beloved relatives would spur him on to 25 And he builded an altar there, and called upon the name of the LORD, and pitched
follow in their steps, that so he might meet his tent there: and there Isaac's servants them again. But he had other trials. To digged a well.
have such a son as Esau, a despiser of the 26 | Then Abimelech went to him from birthright blessing, must have been a sore Gerar, and Ahuzzath one of his friends, and
distress to his parents. Besides this, he was Phichol the chief captain of his army.
now visited with famine; and even in the land 27 And Isaac said unto them, Wherefore come ye to me, seeing ye hate me, and have
of promise he was distressed for bread. We sent me away from you?
must not expect all things to go on smoothly; 28 And they said, ' We saw. certainly that
trials of some kind or other will constantly the LORD was with thee: and we said, Let occur: but they are all designed for good; there be now an oath betwixt us, eren betwixt they tend to increase our desire for that rest us and thee, and let us make a covenant with which "remaineth to the people of God.” thee;
(Heb. iv. 9.) 29 That thou wilt do us no hurt, as we have not touched thee, and as we have done
There is danger lest, in a time of difficulty unto thee nothing but good, and have sent
or trial, we take a false step, distrust the thee away in peace: thou art now the blessed Lord, and put ourselves in the way of sin or of the LORD.
temptation. In all such cases, the first duty 30 And he made them a feast, and they is to seek the Lord. Ask direction at his did eat and drink.
hands; put yourselves under his guidance ; 31 And they rose up betimes in the morn
and above all things, seek his saving and sancing, and sware'one to another: and Isaac sent them away, and they departed from him
tifying blessing. If the Lord be with you, and
bless you, as he promised to be with and 32 And it came to pass the same day, that
bless Isaac, you can neither want a friend, Isaac's servants came, and told him concern nor be destitute of a helper or deliverer. ing the well which they had digged, and said You will, however, have need of faith. unto him, We have found water.
Especially should you guard against those 33 And he called it " Shebah: therefore the
falls which others have suffered. Isaac was a name of the city is " Beer-sheba unto this day. 34 | And Esau was forty years old when
believer, but there were times when he dishe took to wife Judith the daughter of Beeri
trusted the Lord, and fell into sin. Why the Hittite, and Bashemath the daughter of should he fear the men of the place ? Could Elon the Hittite:
any one hurt him, or his wife, without divine 35 Which were 's a grief of mind unto Isaac permission ? He was wrong in saying his and to Rebekah.
wife was his sister; and he was corrected for (1) Heb. found.
(7) That is, Room. (2) Heb. went going.
his fault, though the Lord did not take away (8) Heb. Seeing we saw. (3) Or, husbandry.
(9) Heb. If thou shalt, &c. (4) Heb. living.
his mercy from him. He was still blessed, (10) That is, An oath. (5) That is, Contention. (6) Thul is, Hatred. (13) Heb. bitterness of spirit.
both in the labour of his hands, and in his own soul. Yet it shews the wicked spirit of the
place, when even a godly man was tempted to The life of man is a pilgrimage. We are all depart from the truth, in order to escape an journeying on to an eternal world. Death, apprehended violence. But nothing can ever sooner or later, will put an end to all our justify falsehood, or extenuate sin.
(11) That is, The well of the oath.
Might not Isaac's subsequent trials have 9 Go now to the flock, and fetch me from all arisen from this cause, and been intended
thence two good kids of the goats; and I will to correct him for this fault? Surely the
make them savoury meat for thy father, such
as he loveth: strife and contention which his servants had
10 And thou shalt bring it to thy father, with the men of the place might have taught
that he may eat, and that he may bless thee him this lesson; and it was a great mercy before his death. when the rulers of the country felt more dis- 11 And Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, posed to cultivate his society than to widen Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man, and the breach, because the Lord had' blessed
I am a smooth man : him. And may you not often read your sin
12 My father peradventure will feel me,
and I shall seem to him as a deceiver; and in your correction or punishment? Do not
I shall bring a curse upon me, and not a most of your trials spring from your own
blessing: iniquity, in some way or other committed ? 13 And his mother said unto him, Upon Do not all your mercies and deliverances me be thy curse, my son: only obey my voice, come from the Lord ? Learn, then, to be
fetch me them. humbled for your sin; ask for mercy and
14 And he went, and fetched, and brought forgiveness ; pray for grace to be more
ore them to his mother: and his mother made
savoury meat, such as his father loved. watchful in your ways; beseech the Lord to
15 And Rebekah took #goodly raiment of keep you from all evil. Thus commit the
her eldest son Esau, which were with her in safety of your soul to him in well doing.
the house, and put them upon Jacob her Serve the Lord in your generation, and look
younger son : “ for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ 16 And she put the skins of the kids of the unto eternal life." (Jude 21.)
goats upon his hands, and upon the smooth of his neck:
17 And she gave the savoury meat and the
bread, which she had prepared, into the hand CHAPTER XXVII.
of her son Jacob. 1 Isaac sendeth Esau for venison.
18 | And he came unto his father, and Jacob to obtain the blessing. 15 Jacob under the person said, My father: and he said, Here am I; who of Esau obtaineth it. 30 Esau bringeth venison. 33 Isaac art thou, my son?
31 Esau complaineth, and by importunity obtaineth a blessing. 41 He threateneth Jacob. 42 Re
19 And Jacob said unto his father, I am bekah disappointeth it.
Esau thy firstborn; I have done according as ND it came to pass, that when Isaac was
thou badest me: arise, I pray thee, sit and
eat of my venison, that thy soul may could not see, he called Esau his eldest son,
bless me. and said unto him, My son: and he said unto
20 And Isaac said unto his son, How is it him, Behold, here am I.
that thou hast found it so quickly, my son? 2 And he said, Behold now, I am old, I
And he said, Because the LORD thy God know not the day of my death :
brought it to me. 3 Now therefore take, I pray thee, thy
21 And Isaac said unto Jacob, Come near, weapons, thy quiver and thy bow, and go out I pray thee, that I may feel thee, my son, to the field, and 'take me some venison;
whether thou be my very son Esau or not. 4 And make me savoury meat, such as I
22 And Jacob went near unto Isaac his love, and bring it to me, that I may eat; that father; and he felt him, and said, The voice is my soul may bless thee before I die.
Jacob's voice, but the hands are the hands 5 And Rebekah heard when Isaac spake
of Esau. to Esau his son. And Esau went to the field 23 And he discerned him not, because his to hunt for venison, and to bring it.
hands were hairy, as his brother Esau's 6 And Rebekah spake unto Jacob her
hands: so he blessed him. son, saying, Behold, I heard thy father speak 24 And he said, Art thou my very son unto Esau thy brother, saying,
Esau ? And he said, I am. 7 Bring me venison, and make me savoury
25 And he said, Bring it near to me, and meat, that I may eat, and bless thee before I will eat of my son's venison, that my soul the Lord before my death.
inay bless thee. And he brought it near to 8 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice him, and he did eat: and he brought him according to that which I command thee.
wine, and he drank.
6 Rebekah instructeth
26 And his father Isaac said unto him, 40 And by thy sword shalt thou live, and Come near now, and kiss me, my son.
shalt serve thy brother; and it shall come to 27 And he came near, and kissed him: and pass when thou shalt have the dominion, he smelled the smell of his raiment, and that thou shalt break his yoke from off thy blessed him, and said, See, the smell of my neck. son is as the smell of a field which the LORD 41 And Esau hated Jacob because of the hath blessed:
blessing wherewith his father blessed him : 28 Therefore God give thee of the dew of and Esau said in his heart, The days of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and mourning for my father are at hand; then will plenty of corn and wine :
I slay my brother Jacob. 29 Let people serve thee, and nations bow 42 And these words of Esau her elder son down to thee: be lord over thy brethren, and were told to Rebekah : and she sent and let thy mother's sons bow down to thee : called Jacob her younger son, and said unto cursed be every one that curseth thee, and him, Behold, thy brother Esau, as touching blessed be he that blesseth thee.
thee, doth comfort himself, purposing to kill 30 | And it came to pass, as soon as Isaac
thee. had made an end of blessing Jacob, and 43 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice; Jacob was yet scarce gone out from the pre and arise, flee thou to Laban my brother to sence of Isaac his father, that Esau his bro
Haran; ther came in from his hunting.
44 And tarry with him a few days, until 31 And he also had made savoury meat,
thy brother's fury turn away; and brought it unto his father, and said 45 Until thy brother's anger turn away unto his father, Let my father arise, and from thee, and he forget that which thou hast eat of his son's venison, that thy soul may done to him : then I will send, and fetch thee
from thence: why should I be deprived also 32 And Isaac his father said unto him, of you both in one day? Who art thou? And he said, I am thy son, 16 And Rebekah said to Isaac, I am weary thy firstborn Esau.
of my life because of the daughters of Heth: 33 And Isaac “trembled very exceedingly, if Jacob take a wife of the daughters of Heth, and said, Who? where is he that hath taken such as these which are of the daughters of venison, and brought it me, and I have eaten the land, what good shall my life do me? of all before thou camest, and have blessed him ? yea, and he shall be blessed.
(6) That is, A supplanter. 34 And when Esau heard the words of his
(7) Or, supported.
(4) Heb. trembled with a great father, he cried with a great and exceeding
trembling greatly. bitter cry, and said unto his father, Bless me, even me also, O my father. 35 And he said, Thy brother came with
This chapter must be read with all possible subtilty, and hath taken away thy blessing.
care and attention. It gives a relation of the 36 And he said, Is not he rightly named
manner in which Isaac, when advanced in 6 Jacob? for he hath supplanted me these two years, and not knowing how soon he might times: he took away my birthright; and, be die, gave his solemn blessing to his two sons, hold, now he hath taken away my blessing. Esau and Jacob. That there is much that is And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing
sinful thus recorded, there can be no doubt. for me? 37 And Isaac answered and said unto
That God was pleased to overrule the whole Esau, Behold, I have made him thy lord, and
to the furtherance of his own will, is also all his brethren have I given to him for ser
clear. That the sin thus committed was vants; and with corn and wine have I 7sus punished, though pardoned, and that the tained him: and what shall I do now unto goodness thus manifested was utterly unthee, my son ?
merited, all must see and confess, who read 38 And Esau said unto his father, Hast thou but one blessing, my father ? bless me,
this extraordinary history with understanding
and attention. even me also, O my father. And Esau lifted up his voice, and wept.
In the first place, was not Isaac wrong in 39 And Isaac his father answered and said
placing an undue affection upon such an unto him, Behold, thy dwelling shall be the unworthy son? Can we suppose he could fatness of the earth, and of the dew of hea have been ignorant of the divine revelation, ven from above;
respecting these children, made known to his
(5) Heb. hunted.
(1) Heb. hunt.
(8) Or, of the fatness.
wife before they were born? Can we con- and far more consistent with the character of clude that the character of Esan, in his dis- one who was better taught. regard of spiritual blessings, was unknown to Now, what followed ?
By each party his father, even supposing he knew not that sin was committed, and all were painfully he had sold his birthright to his brother? punished. The distress of Isaac when he That a father should love his children is, perceived what he had done (v. 33); the we all know, natural and proper ; but that pain of Rebekah in being obliged to part Isaac should love Esau because he did eat with Jacob for fear of his brother; the of his son's venison (Gen. xxv. 28), was banishment of Jacob to a distant land for surely a very unworthy motive for such a a long series of years, where he was subject regard ; and that, knowing all these things, to great privations and trials, clearly proved he should so far forget himself, under the they had all sinned against the Lord; and influence of misguided affection, as to do all that their sin did surely find them out. In in his power to counteract the express pur- the case of Esau, we see the profane sinner pose of God, and confirm the birthright with eating of the fruit of his own ways, and all its privileges to one who was unworthy of filled with his own devices. (Prov. i. 31.) the distinction, had already bartered it away, He despised the birthright, and it was and was a profane despiser of spiritual bless- gone; he had sold it, and it was lost for ings, was surely, in every point of view,
What availed his tears?
He was unbecoming an aged saint, and a holy man vexed, but not humbled; he was grieved, of God.
but not penitent.
His case is solemn In the next place, was not Rebekah wrong warning to all those who, for the sake of in seeking to practise such a deception upon the world, sell their souls. They see not her husband, and making Jacob join her their danger till they begin to feel the in so doing? Did she not know that the weight of their punishment; the door is birthright was to be Jacob's ? Had not God shut; and there is no remedy. told her the elder should serve the younger? Had not Jacob informed her of the transaction, which had already taken place, between
CHAPTER XXVIII. Esan and himself many years before ? Ought
1 Isaac blesseth Jacob, and sendeth him to Padan-aram. 6 she not, then, to have told Isaac these things
Esau marrieth Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael. 10 The when she overheard his intention ? Ought vision of Jacob's ladder. 18 The stone of Beth-el. 20 she not to have made it a matter of prayer,
ND Isaac called Jacob, and blessed him,
and charged him, and said unto him, Rebekah loved Jacob, and chiefly on account
Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of his predicted superiority, there can be little
of Canaan. doubt. But that would no more justify her 2 Arise, go to Padan-aram, to the house of in seeking, by unlawful means, to secure the Bethuel thy mother's father; and take thee a birthright to him, than Isaac could be ap
wife from thence of the daughters of Laban proved for loving Esau because he “eat of thy mother's brother.
3 And God Almighty bless thee, and make his venison," or for intending to confer on
thee fruitful, and multiply thee, that thou him the birthright, though he knew he was
mayest be 'a multitude of people ; unworthy of the privilege, and had even
4 And give thee the blessing of Abraham, actually sold it before.
to thee, and to thy seed with thee; that thou In the third place, was Jacob right in mayest inherit the land ? wherein thou art a yielding to his mother's wishes, and going stranger, which God gave unto Abraham. before his father with a falsehood on his
5 And Isaac sent away Jacob: and he went
to Padan-aram unto Laban, son of Bethuel the tongue ? Should he not rather have gone
Syrian, the brother of Rebekah, Jacob's and in openly, and frankly explained the whole
Esau's mother. matter to his aged parent, and then left it
6 | When Esau saw that Isaac had blessed with God to bring to pass his own will ? Jacob, and sent him away to Padan-aram, to That would have been the plain path of duty, take him a wife from thence; and that as he
and then calmly awaited the issue ? That A
(4) Heb. break forth.
blessed him he gave him a charge, saying, pillar, shall be God's house : and of all that Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth of Canaan;
unto thee. 7 And that Jacob obeyed his father and
(1) Heb. an assembly of people. () Heb. were evil in the eyes, &c. his mother, and was gone to Padan-aram;
(2) Heb. of thy sojournings.
(5) That is, The house of God. 8 And Esau seeing that the daughters of Canaan pleased not Isaac his father;
9 Then went Esau unto Ishmael, and took The Spirit of God has evinced more care unto the wives which he had Mahalath the in recording the actions of a humble bedaughter of Ishmael Abraham's son, the sister liever, than to note the deeds or exploits of Nebajoth, to be his wife.
of the mighty and great. The destinies of 10 | And Jacob went out from Beer-sheba,
kingdoms and empires are passed over in and went toward Haran. 11 And he lighted upon a certain place,
silence; while the steps, the journies, and and tarried there all night, because the sun
even the resting places of the saints, are rewas set; and he took of the stones of that membered with the greatest precision. And place, and put them for his pillows, and lay what does this teach us? “The Lord ordereth down in that place to sleep.
a good man's goings, and maketh his way 12 And he dreamed, and behold a ladder acceptable to himself.” (Ps. xxxvii
. 23, Prayerset up on the earth, and the top of it reached
book version.) In all ages, to the end of time, to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it.
and throughout all eternity, it will invariably
be found that, “Happy is he that hath the 13 And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I am the Lord God of Abraham thy
God of Jacob for his help, whose hope is in father, and the God of Isaac: the land where the Lord his God.” (Ps. cxlvi. 5.) on thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy We are here informed of Isaac's renewing seed;
the blessing which had been previously con14 And thy seed shall be as the dust of the
ferred upon Jacob; giving his parting beneearth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the
diction, and sending him away to his distant west, and to the east, and to the north, and to
relatives in peace.
Oh! that in all our the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed.
journey through this life, we may have 15 And, behold, I am with thee; and will
Jacob's God and Jacob's blessing for our keep thee in all places whither thou goest, daily portion. “God Almighty bless thee !" and will bring thee again into this land; for I What a prayer! What can the soul desire will not leave thee, until I have done that
more, or have more ? Think over these which I have spoken to thee of.
words : “God Almighty bless thee” with 16 9 And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, wisdom, mercy, and peace; with all that is and he said, Surely the Lord is in this place; and I knew it not.
needful for thy body, and requisite for thy 17 And he was afraid, and said, How soul! All through the journey of life, in the dark dreadful is this place! this is none other but
passage of death, and in bringing thee safe the house of God, and this is the gate of to the heavenly rest above, “God Almighty heaven.
bless thee!” Is not this a good prayer for 18 And Jacob rose up early in the morning,
parents to offer for their children; for friends and took the stone that he had put for his pillows, and set it up for a pillar, and poured for himself? “God Almighty bless thee” and
to offer for each other; for each one to offer oil upon
top of it. 19 And he called the name of that place
me, and all around, for ever and ever! 5 Beth-el: but the name of that city was called
Esau's conduct, it seems, is much the same. Luz at the first.
Selfish feeling guides his steps, as it did 20 And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God before he lost the blessing. He learns no will be with me, and will keep me in this way wisdom. lle has gained nothing by his folly. that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and
This is Esau ; and such is the graceless sinraiment to put on, 21 So that I come again to my father's
ner still. house in peace; then shall the Lord be my Jacob, too, goes on his way; but what a God :
journey was his ! Surely he can never forget 22 And this stone, which I have set for a it so long as he lives. The day wears away;