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502

An Angel appears to strengthen him in his Agony. Sect. 182.and with due Submission I would humbly ask it ; me; nevertheless, not my W nevertheless, as I said before, not my Will, but wil

het Will, but thine be done. Luke XXII.

thine be done. And in this last Address his 43 And there appeared 43.

Combat was so violent and severe, that he was an Angel unto him from almost overwhelmed ; and therefore for his Af

Heaven, strengthning him. fistance against the Powers of Darkness, which united their Force against him in the most terrible Manner, there appeared to him an Angel from Heaven, standing near him in a visible Form, and Atrengthening him by that sensible Token of the Father's Protection and Favour, and suggesting

fuch holy Consolations as were most proper to 44 animate his Soul in such a Strugg

Yet 44 And being in an Agowith all these Afsurances that he was still the ny, he prayed more earnest

ly: and his Sweat was as it Charge of Heaven, and quickly should be made

were great Drops of Blood victorious over all, his Terror and Distress con- falling down to the Ground. tinued; and being in an unspeakable Agony, be prayed yet more intensely than before, insomuch that tho' he was now in the open Air, and in the Cool of the Night, bis Sweat ran off with uncommon Violence ; yea, so strong was the Commotion of animal Nature, that Blood was also forced thro' the Pores together with the Sweat ; which was as it were great Drops of Blood falling down from his Face, and dropping in Clots on the Ground, as he bowed himfelf to the Earth (k).

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to the Terror and Severity of the Combat in which he was now actually engaged : (See · Limborch's Theol. lib. iii. cap. 13. $. 17.) This throws great Light on Heb. v. 7. He was heard in that he feared.

(i) An Angel from Heaven strengthening him ] Some of the artient Chriftians thought it so dishonourable to Christ, that he thould receive such Alistance from an Angel, that they omitted this Verse in their Copies; as Ferom and Hilary inform us. It is indeed wanting in some Mannscripts : But far the greatest Number of Copies have it, and could Hilary have proved it a spurious Addition, he would, no doubt, have done it, since it so directly con. tradicts the wild Notion he seems to maintain, that Christ was incapable of any painful Sensations. (See Dr. Mill, in loc.)

(k) His Sweat was as it were great Drops of Blood.] A great many Expositors have thought, as Mr. Le Clerc did, that the Exprefsion [o id pas auld wou spoulos aspectos] only implies, that his Drops of Sweat were large and clammy like Clots of Gore : But Dr. Whitby observes, that Aristotle and Divdorus Siculus both mention bloody Sweats, as attending some extraordinary Agony of Mind; and I find Leti in his Life of Pope Sixtus V. pag. 200. and Sir John Cbar. din i, his History of Persia, Vol. i. pag. 126. mentioning a like Phenomenon. Dr. Scop and Mr. Fleming both imagine, that Christ now struggled with the Spirits of Darkness: The former says, he was now surrounded with a mighty Hoft of Devils, who exercised all their Force and Malice, to persecute and distract his innocent Soul; and the latter fupposes, chat Satan hoped, by overpowering him here, to have prevented the Accomplishment of the Prophecies relating to the Manner and Circumstances of his Death. (See Scot's Christian Life

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He tells his Disciples, that the Traitor was coming.. 503 45 And when he role up And rihng up from Prayer, he came back to his Sect. 182. from Prayer, and was come Disciples the third Time, and notwithstanding them to his Disciples, [Mar. the

ke XXII. third Time, he found them repeated Admonitions he had given them, he again .. leeping for Sorrow, 46 And found them seeping ; for their Senses were quite *** said unto them, Why sleep ftupified with ́ Sorrow. And he said to them. 46 ye? rise and pray, left ye en. Die do vou still allow yourselves to peep at such a ter into Temptation.(MAT. XXVI. 45. -MARK XIV. Season as this ? This drowsy Disposition makes it 41.-)

necessary to renew my Exhortation, and to call ,
upon you yet once more, to arise and pray, that

you may not enter into a Circumstance of very MAT. XXVI.-45. And dangerous Temptation. But as all this did not Mat. XXVI. he faith unto them, Sleep on

on sufficiently rouse them, and he knew those that 45.
now, and take your Rest :
fit is enough :1 Gehold, the came to apprehend him were just now entering
Hour is a hand, and the the Garden, be altered his Voice, and said to them
Son of Man is betrayed in- in an Ironical Manner, You may now Meep on if
to the Hands of Sinners.
[MARK XIV.-41.)

you can, and take your Rest as long as you please.
I have been calling you to watch ; but it is now
enough ; for this Season of watching is over, and
I have no further Need to press you to it: You
will now be roused by another Kind of Alarm,
than my Words can give you ; for bebold, the long
expected Hour is at length come, and the Son of

Man is even now betrayed into the Hands of the
46 Rise, let us be going: most inhuman Sinners: Arise therefore, and 46
behold, he is at hand that let us go along with them whithersoever they shall
doth betray me. [MARK
XIV. 42.]

lead us ; for bebold, be that betrayeth me is just at
band. Accordingly Judas and his Retinue in-
mediately appeared, and seized him in the Man-
ner which will afterwards be related,

I M P R O V E M E N T.
N the most transient Survey of this amazing Story, we cannot but

fall into deep Admiration. What a Sight is here ! Let our Souls turn aside to behold it with a becoming Temper : And surely we must wonder, how the Disciples could seep in the midst of a Scene, which Mat. xxvi. might almost have awakened Rocks and Trees to Compassion. Behold 40, 43. the Prince of Life, God's Incarnate and Only-begotten Son, drinking of the Brook in the Way, (Psal. cx. 7.) and not only tasting, but drawing in full Draughts of that bitter Cup, which his Heavenly Father put into Luke xxii.

his 41, 42.

Vol. iii. pag. 149. and Fleming's Christology, Vol. ii. pag. 130.) But however this be, I can hardly think, as Dr. Scot suggests, that there was some supernatural Agency of those Evil Spirits in the Drowsiness of the Disciples, since the Sacred Historian is silent on this Head, and refers it to another Cause.

35.

38.

504 . Reflextions on Chris T's Agony in the Garden. Sect. 182. his Hands on this awful Occasion. Let us behold him kneeling, and

even prostrate on the Ground, and there pouring out his strong Cries Mark xiv.

XIV. and Tears, to him that was able to save him from Death. (Heb. v. 7.) Luke xxii. Let us view him in this bloody Agony, and say, If these Things be done 44. , in the green Tree, what shall be done in the dry ? (Luke xxii. 31.) If

even Christ himself was so depressed with Sorrow and Amazement, and the Distress and Anguilh of his soul were such, that in his Agony the Sweat ran from him like great Drops of Blood, when our Iniquities were laid upon him, and it pleased the Father to bruise: bim, and to put him to Grief; (Ifa. liii. 6, 10.) how must the Sinner then be filled with Horror, and with what dreadful Agonies of Anguilh and Despair will he be overwhelmed, when he shall bear the Burden of his own Iniquities, and God shall pour out all his Wrath upon him? Behold, how fearful a Thing it is, to fall into the Hands of the living GOD! (Heb. x. 31.)

Here was no Human Enemy near our Blessed Redeemer ; yet such Mat, xxvi. invisible Terrors set themselves in Array against him, that his very Soul

was poured out like Water; nor was there any Circumstance of his Sufferings, in which he discovered a greater Commotion of Spirit. Nevertheless, his pure and holy Soul bare all this, without any irregular Perturbation. In all this he finned not by a murmuring Word, or an impatient Thought : He shone the brighter for the Furnace of Afliktion,

and gave us at once the most wonderful, and the most amiable Pattern Ver. 39, 42. of Resignation to the Divine Disposal, when he said, Father, not as 1

will, but as thou wilt. May this be our Language under every Trial ! Lord, we could wish it was; and we would maintain a holy Watchful

ness over our own Souls, that it may be fo : But in this Respect, as well Ver. 41. as in every other, we find that even when the Spirit is willing, the Flesa

is weak. How happy is it for us, that the Blessed Yesus knows our Frame, and has learnt by what he himself suffered in our frail Nature, to make the most compassionate Allowance for its various Infirmities ! Let us learn to imitate this his gentle and gracious Conduct, even in an Hour of so much Distress. Let us bear with, and let us pity each other, not aggravating every Neglect of our Friends into a Crime ; but rather fpeaking of their Faults in the mildest Terms, and making the most candid Excuses for what we cannot defend. Let us exercise such a Temper, even in the most gloomy and dejected Moments of Life ; which surely may well be expected of us, who ourselves need so much Compassion and Indulgence almost from every one with whom we converse ; and which is infinitely more, who owe our All to the Forbearance of that God, of whose Mercy it is, that we are not utterly consumed.

SECT.

Judas comes to the Garden with Soldiers to seize bim.

505

SECT. CLXXXIII.
Christ is betrayed by Judas, and seized by the Guard, to

whom he voluntarily surrenders himself, and is then for-
Saken by all bis Disciples. Mat. XXVI. 47,---56. Mark
XIV. 43,---- 52. Luke XXII. 47,----53. John XVIII.
2,----12.
John XVIII. 2.

John XVIII. 2. . AND Judas also which N OW when our Lord was thus retired to the Sect. 182. A betrayed him, knew the N Garden, Yudas also that betrayed him knew Place: for Jesus oft-times reforted thither with his Dic: the Place; for Jesus often reforted thither in Com-JohnXVIII. ciples.

pany with bis Disciples (a), and had particularly?
done it again and again, since his coming up to

spend this Passover at Jerusalem. (Compare Luke
3 Judas then having re- xxi. 37. pag. 414.) Judas therefore taking with 2
ceived a Band of Men, and him a Cohort, or a Coinpany Tofi Roman [Sol-
Officers from the Chief
Priests and Pharisees, com- diers,] with their Captain, (see ver. 12.) and some
eth thither with Lanterns, Jewish Officers with them, who were sent for
and Torches, and Weapons. That

that Purpose from the Chief Priests and other
Pharisees belonging to the Sanhedrim, comes thi-
ther with Torches, and Lamps, and hostile Wea-
pons; which they brought with them, tho' it
was now Full Moon, to use their Arms, if
they thould meet with any Opposition, or to
discover him by their Lights, if he should go
about to hide himself, as they foolishly imagined
he might, among the private Walks or other

Recesses of the Garden. MARK XIV. 43. And And immediately, while he was yet speaking to Mark XIV. immediately, while he yet his Disciples, and giving them the Alarm menti- 43. fpake, [lo, Judas, one of the oned in the Close of the last Section, behold, this Twelve,

very

(a) Jefus often resorted thither with his Disciples.] It was probably a Garden, which belonged to one of Christ's Friends, and to which he had a Liberty of retiring whenever he pleased. And here accordingly he often used to spend some considerable Time in Prayer and pious Converse, in the Evenings, or Nights, after his indefatigable Labours in the City and Temple by Day. It is indeed amazing, how Flesh and Blood could go thro' such incerfant Fatigues; but it is very probable, Christ might exert some miraculous Power over his own Animal Nature, to strengthen it for such difficult Services, and to preserve it in Health and Vigour; otherwise the copious Dews, which fall by Night in those Parts, must have been very dangerous, (as I have elsewhere hinted, Sect. 86. Note (c),) especially when the Body was heated by preaching in the Day, and often by travelling several Miles on Foot. VOL. II.

Sss

(b) Had

506

. He appoints a Signal to difinguish Jesus, Sect. 183. very Judas, one of the Twelve Apostles, came into Twelve, came, ] and with

w the Garden, and with him a great Multitude of him a great Multitude with Mark IV. Persons of very different Stations and Offices in

Swords and Staves, from the

Chief Priests, and the Scribes. 43.

Life, who were sent with Authority from the and the Elders (of the PeoChief Priests, and Scribes, and Elders of the Peo- ple.] (MAT. XXVI. 47. ple, and more effectually to execute their Orders,

Luke XXII. 47.-) they were armed with Swords and Staves, to seize him by Violence, , if any.Resistance should be made to the Attempt: And there were also with them fome Persons of superior Rank and Quality, who, full of impatient and malicious Zeal, could not forbear mingling themselves with the Dregs

of the People, upon this infamous Occasion. 44 (See Luke xxii. 52. pag. 5u.). Now be that 44 And he that betrayed

betrayed him went a little before the rest of them; him [Lukwent before and that they might not be mistaken in the a Token. Saving. Whomso.

them, and] had given them Person, he had given them a Signal, by which ever I shall kiss, that fame is they might distinguish Jesus from any others who he; take him, shold him might chance to be with him ib), faving. He talt;] and lead bim away

fafely. [MAT. XXVI. 48. whom I shall kiss at my first entering into the LUKE XXII. -47.-1' Garden, is the Person you are commissioned to take (c): Be sure therefore to lay bold of him immediately, and lead him away safely; for he has fometimes made strange Efcapes from those that have attempted to take him, and if he get away from you after this Signal, it will be your Fault, and not mine (d). And accordingly being come 45 And as soon as he was into the Garden, he drew near to Yesus to kiss bim, come, he [Luk: drew near

unto Jesus to kiss him; and] as a Signal to the Company to seize him ; [and] goeth straightway to him, going directly to him, with an Air of the greatest

and Respect, as if he had been impatient of his Abfence during those few Hours which had passed since he saw him last, and was quite transported with Joy to meet him again, be" said, with the

fairest

(b) Had given them a Signal.] As those that came to apprehend him were Stangers to Jefus, and it was now Night, and there were Twelve Perfons together, probably dressed much alike, such a Signal might be thought more necessary.

(c) He whom I shall kiss is the Perfon.] It is indeed probable, as Dr. Guyse, and others, observe, that our Lord in great Condescension had used (according to the Jewish Custom,) to permit his Disciples thus to falute him, when they returned to him after having been any Time absent.

(d) Loy hold of him, and lead him away safely.) Compare Luke iv. 30. John viii, 59. x. 39. — I am ready to imagine from this Precaution, that Judas might fufpect, that Christ would on this Occasion renew the Miracles he had formerly wrought for his own Deliverance; tho' he had so expressly declared the contrary. See Mat. xxvi, 24. p. 434.

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