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net, 176; demonstration of Liberals
on his handing the Bill to the Lord
Chancellor, 178; banquet at the
Thatched House Tavern, 179; the
Bill is thrown out by the Lords, 179;
letter to the Birmingham meeting,
18o; letter to William IV. apologis-
ing for calling the majority of the
House of Lords a faction, and the
King's reply, 181; introduces and
carries the third Reform Bill, 182;
, criticism of House of Lords on their
treatment of his Reform Bill, 186 ;
Lord Lyttelton's verses to him, 187;
offer to Sir Walter Scott, 187; again
elected for Devonshire on the dissolu-
tion of the Grey administration, 189;
on carrying Reform, 189; letter to
Moore on liberal measures to the Irish,
190; publication of ‘Causes of the
French Revolution, 191 n; views on
Irish policy, 191—193; favours coer-
cive legislation in Ireland, 194; letter
to Moore in answer to his “Paddy's
Metamorphosis, 195; letters to Lord
Grey on the insufficiency of the pro-
posed Bill for Irish Church Reform,
and offering to resign, 196, 197;
letter from Lord Grey submitting the
matter to Lord Holland, 198; Lord
Holland's letter of advice on his
proposed resignation, 199; opposes
triennial Parliaments, 202, 203; letter
from his father on that subject, 202;
visits Ireland, 204; letters to Moore
from Ireland, 203,204; entertained at
a public dinner at Belfast, 205; con-
clusions formed on his Irish tour,
206, 207 n., opinions on the Church
in Ireland, 207 n., 208; ‘upsets
the coach, 208, 209; declares Irish
Church Reform to be the principle of
the Government's existence, 2Io; on
coercion, 2II ; speech on his own
position towards the policy of the
Government, 212 ; Moore's letter on
the subject and his reply, 212; letter
to Lord Melbourne on the assem-
bling of Parliament, on Lord Grey's
resignation, and the policy of the
Government, 214; his appointment
as leader of the House opposed by
the King, 217; letter from Lord
Tavistock, 217; letter from the King
and from the Chelsea College esta-
blishment on his leaving office, 218;
letter to Moore, 219; re-elected for
the southern division of Devonshire,
220 ; his speech at Totnes, 221, 222;

leader of the Opposition in the Peel
Ministry, 223; difficulties of his new
position, 223; speech on the Speaker-
ship, 224, 225; his speech on the
amendment to the Address, 226, 227;
letter in reply to his circular from
O'Connell promising the co-operation
of the Irish party, 229; draft reply
to O'Connell, 230,231; Lord Duncan-
non's letter on the same subject, 231;
letter from Lord Grey on the concert
of the Whigs with the Irish party
and the Radicals, 233; refuses Hume's
proposition to limit supplies, and
desires to give the Peel Ministry a
fair trial, 234; raises the question of
the Irish Church as an experimentum
crucis, 235-237; forces Sir Robert
Peel to resign, 235; marriage to
Lady Ribblesdale, 239, 24r ; letter
from Lord Melbourne, 242; made
Home Secretary, 243; proposes that
O'Connell should take office, 243;
defeated in his canvass for Devon-
shire, 245; elected for Stroud, 245;
letter to Moore offering a pension to
his sons, 245; his part in the London-
derry ambassadorship incident, 246;
letter from Moore, 247; procures a
pension for Moore, 248; disliked by
William IV., 249; communication
from the King on the proposed
reduction of the Militia staff, 251 n ;
refuses to undertake the question of
Church rates, 252; introduces the
Corporation Bill, 253; affection for
Lord Stanley, 254 m ; the Lords'
amendments to his Corporation Bill,
255; the Bill passed, 255; failure of
his health, 257; goes to Endsleigh,
257; his explanation to the King
of O'Connell's invitation to the
Castle, 260 ; speech at Plymouth
on the conduct of the Lords, 260 ;
testimonial from the Reformers of
Bristol, 261; approval by the King
of his Plymouth and Bristol ad-
dresses, 261 ; advocates the appoint-
ment of a permanent judge in equity,
poor opinion of equity lawyers, 263;
attacked with fever, 264; Disraeli's
attacks upon him in the “Runny-
mede Letters,'265; Disraeli's opinion
later on, 266; on committees to
‘consider the whole case of the Dis-
senters' and the English tithe sys-
tem, 267; carries the Tithes Com-
mutation Bill, 268, 269; carries the
Registration Bill, 270; his Marriage
Bill, 270; letter from Lord Mel-
bourne on his proposal for the ad-
mission of Dissenters to the Univer-
sities, 271 n; legislation on behalf of
the Church, 271 ; on the assistance
of military and police in tithe-col-
lecting in Ireland, 274; his amend-
ment to Mr. Hume's motion against
Orangeism, 274; paper on the atti-
tude of the Peers, 277; proposes the
creation of Liberal peers, 278, 279;
death of his wife's mother, 28o;
birth of a daughter, Georgiana Ade-
laide, 281 ; sketch of his life at
home, 281; education of his children,
281; introduces the Irish Municipal
Bill, 287; speech on Irish policy,
288, 289; agreement with Lord Mel-
bourne on abandoning the Appro-
priation Clause, 289; introduces a
measure on Irish Poor Law, 289; his
Irish Municipal Bill, 289; views on
the Church Rate Bill, 290; illness,
291; vacillation on the Municipal
Bill, 293; returned for Stroud, 295;
speech on Reform, 295, 296; Lord
Melbourne's letter on the Queen's
private secretary, 297 n ; letters to
Lord Melbourne on the Ministerial
position, 297, 298; advocates the
ballot, 298; letter from Sydney
Smith, 300 n ; dines with the Queen
at Brighton, 301; speeches advo-
cating moderate action in Reform,
302, 303; named “Finality Jack'
by the Radicals, 303; his atti-
tude on Reform defended by Lord
Brougham, 303; memorandum to
the Cabinet on election petitions,
304; letter from Lord Melbourne on
Irish legislation, 305; introduces the
Poor Law and Municipal Bills, 306;
resolutions on the Canadian griev-
ances, 307; at Windsor with the
Queen, 307; announces the suspen-
sion of the Canadian constitution,
308; opposes the ballot, 308; letter
from Lord Spencer on the division
on Mr. Grote's motion for the Ballot,
308; rumour of his resignation, 309;
propositions on the tithe question,
311; consults the Primate of Ireland,
311 ; compromise with the Opposi-
tion on the Tithe Bill and Municipal
Reform, 312, 313; parallel lines of
his policy with that of Sir Robert
Peel, 314; high opinion of contem-
poraries of his paramount ability in
the Melbourne Ministry, 316; be-
man Rhymes, 358; on a visit to
Lord Minto, 358; thoughts of Lady
Fanny Elliot, 359; confers with the
Duke of Wellington on the military
force in the Mediterranean, 361 ;
letters sent to him on the French war
crisis, 361; his memorandum to Lord
Melbourne with propositions on the
situation, 363; Lord Spencer's letters
deprecating his resignation, 364,365;
appeal from Mr. Hume against a war,
365; urges the acceptance of Mehe-
met Ali's proposition by the Sultan,
366; appeal from Lord Melbourne
not to bring on a Ministerial crisis,
367; interview with the Queen and
adoption of a compromise with Lord
Melbourne, 368; letter of remon-
strance to Lord Melbourne, 369-371;
letter from and to Lord Palmerston
on the subject, 370, 371 ; urges
conciliation and open dealing with
France, 372; his sorrow at the
death of Lord Holland, 372; letters
to Lord Melbourne on Lord Pal-
merston's high-handed proceedings,
373; defence of Lord Holland's
memory, 373; advocates the removal
of Lord Ponsonby from the Porte,
374; letter from Lord Palmerston
defending Lord Ponsonby, 375, 376;
on the late delivery of despatches,
377; deals with the customs tariff,

haviour to his followers in question,
317, 318; letter from his father, 317 ;
Lord Lytton's lines on him, 318;
at Grillion's, 318; warm friendship
with Lord Stanley, 318 n ; speech on
the Durham Bill of Indemnity, 320 ;
letter to Lord Melbourne on the
reconstruction of the Cabinet, 321 ;
letter to Lord Melbourne on the
situation in Canada, 322, 323; birth
of a second daughter, Lady Victoria
Villiers; death of his first wife, 324;
sympathy and condolence on his loss,
324; letter from King Leopold,
325 n; urges the retirement of Lord
Glenelg from the Colonial Office,
326; assists in making changes in
the personnel of the administration,
327; his conduct of the debate on
Irish government, 330; his loss of
popularity, 330, 331; pamphlet on
the principles of the Reform Act,
331; letter from and interview with
the Queen on the resignation of the
Melbourne Ministry, 333; espouses
the Queen's view on the removal of
the ladies of the royal household,
334 n; letter to O'Connell thanking
him for his Parliamentary support,
335; resumption of office, 335;
action in county franchise and the
ballot, 338-34o ; memorandum on
the Irish Municipal Bill, 340, 341 m ;
speech on education, 341; connection
with educational societies, 343n ; pro-
posals on behalf of educational pro-
gress and their reception, 343,344; his
prison reforms, 344; purges the crim-
inal code of many capital offences,
345; on transportation, 346; on peni-
tentiaries and reformatories, 346;
police reforms, 346, 347; constitution
of constabulary in Manchester and
Birmingham, 347; on the govern-
ment of Ireland, 347 n ; on the
loquacity of magistrates, 348 m ;
vexed at the resignation of Lord
Howick, 351; at the Colonial Office,
351; letter from Sir J. Stephen on an
attack in the Quarterly, 352 n ; con-
temporary compliments on his man-
agement of the Colonial Office, 352,
353; speech on the colonial empire,
353; death of his father, 354; at
Buckhurst with his children, 355,356;
accused of having encouraged Chart-
ism, 355; supports Sir E. Wilmot's
motion regarding juvenile offenders,
356; on privilege, 357; his ‘Bell-

80, 381; memorandum for his col-
eagues on the Corn Laws, 383; moves
for a committee on the Corn Laws,
384; letters of approval of his speech,
385–388; letter from Lord Spencer
foretelling defeat, 388; urged to pro-
ceed with the Sugar Bill, 388; advises
dissolution, 389; invitation from the
Liberals of London to contest the
City, 390; returned for London, 391 ;
address on his past and future policy,
391 ; marriage to Lady Fanny Elliot,
393; receipt of a ‘Border Ballad.'
from his wife's mother, 394; pre-
sented with the freedom of the
borough at Selkirk, 396; letter from
the Queen on his resignation, 396;
Lord Sydenham's dying words and
legacy to him, 397; difficulties in
Opposition, 399, 400; literary work
at Endsleigh, 401; birth of his eldest
son, John, 402; opposes an Arms
Act, 404; lines from his wife on his
fifty-first birthday, 406; translation
of Dante's Inferno, 407-409; O'Con-
nell's opinion of his Irish policy,

410; motion on Irish Reform, 412;
proposal to endow the Irish Roman
Catholic clergy, 412; thanked by
O'Connell for his speech, 413; action
on the sugar question, 414; supports
the Maynooth Bill, 416; illness of
his wife, 417; nonsense verses from
his wife, 417; his rhymed reply, 417;
illness of his wife at Edinburgh,
418; receives freedom of the city
of Edinburgh, 419; writes an article
for the Edinburgh Review on Lord
Spencer and Lord Grey, 419, grief
at the death of Lady Holland,
420; Lady Holland's legacy to him,
420 ; address to his constituents
of the City, 422; summoned by
the Queen, 425; encouragement from
his wife to undertake the post of
Prime Minister, 426; letters from
Lord Grey on the subject, 428–
432; his opinion of Palmerston's
fitness for the Foreign Office, 432;
letter to her Majesty on his failure to
form an administration, 433; indig-
nation with Lord Grey, 433, 434;
supports Sir Robert Peel on Free
Trade, 436; letter to Mr. Everett on
the American controversy, 437; op-
poses the Coercion Bill, 438; becomes
Prime Minister, 439; declines alliance
with the Protectionists, 440; offers
office to late members of Sir Robert
Peel's Cabinet, 440; endeavour to
secure Mr. Cobden's services, 441;
Mr. Cobden's answer declining office,
441; offers Lord Grey office, 444;
letters from Mr. Charles Wood on
the subject of Lord Grey, 443; ad-
dress to his London constituency,
444; deals with the sugar question,
446; introduces an Arms Bill (Ire-
land), 447; relief of distressin Ireland,
448; death of his brother William, 448;
his character and abilities sketched
by Lord Campbell, 449; his second
wife's reminiscences of him, 450; at
Chorley Wood, 451; his wife's illness,
451; organisation of public works in
Irish potato famine, 452, 453; speech
on the Government's obligation to
supply the Irish with food, 453;
accusations of his failure to meet
the famine by adequate measures,
457, 458 ; proposes the suspen-
sion of the Navigation Acts, 457;
blamed for not employing the Irish on
productive works, 459, 460 ; opposes
Lord George Bentinck's Irish railway
scheme, 460, 461; defends the Irish
relief works, 462,463; makesland sup-
port the poor, 463 n; last letter from
Moore and his answer, 464, 465; pre-
sented by the Queen with Pembroke
Lodge, Richmond, 466; letters from
Lord Bessborough on Irish affairs,
468, 469; on the Lord-Lieutenancy,
469; efforts in the improvement of
State education, 471; his attack on
Hume, 471 ; supports the Ten Hours
clause, 473; letter from Lord Ashley,
473; amendment of the Poor Law
Commission, 473; is again returned
for the City on the dissolution of Par-
liament, 474; letter from the Duke of
Westminster on the creation of peers
and his reply, 475, 476; letters from
Lord Clarendon with proposition for
dealing with disorder in Ireland, 477,
478; letter to Lord Clarendon on the
causes of social disorder in Ireland,
479–481 ; discourages Lord Claren-
don's proposal for an Arms Bill, 482;
suggests a Landlord and Tenant Bill,
483; reluctantly assents to mild coer-
cive measures, 487–491; passes the
Encumbered Estates Act, 491; intro-
duces a measure for compensating
tenants for improvements, 491; pro-
posal for increasing the episcopate,
492; appoints Dr. Hampden Bishop
of Hereford, 493; his other ecclesias-
tical appointments, 493, 494; letter
from and to the Primate, on the
Hampden appointment, 494, 495; re-
ceives a memorial from the bishops on
that subject, 496; his reply thereto,
497; appoints Dr. Sumner Archbishop
of Canterbury, 498; receipt of Lord
Palmerston's despatch on the Spanish
marriages, &c., ii. 2; note to the
Spanish Government on the mar-
riages, 3; letter from Mr. Wood on
Palmerston's irritating foreign policy,
4; his supervision of all Government
departments, 5 m ; his reply to the
French Government's complaints of
Lord Palmerston and his policy, 5–7;
objection to a passage in Lord Pal-
merston's protest to the Spanish
Government, 7; growing difficul-
ties with Lord Palmerston at the
Foreign Office, 8; memorandum
on the demand for the fulfilment
of the Quadruple Treaty against
the Oporto Junta, Io; agreement
with France for forcibly terminating
the Portuguese insurrection, 12; his

policy in this condemned by Con-
servatives and Radicals alike, 12 ;
on friendly terms with the Duke of
Wellington, 15; receives memoranda
from the Duke on the national de-
fence, 15, 16; urged by Lord Palmer-
ston to embody the Militia, 16; his
memorandum on a Militia force, 17;
letter from the Duke of Wellington
on an indiscreet publication of his
letter to Sir John Burgoyne, 19 ;
his elaborate memorandum on na-
tional defence, 20–24; his speech on
the Budget of the year, including a
large increase in the income-tax, 25;
illness of, 25, 27; resists Mr. Hors-
man's proposal of exemptions from
the full weight of the income-tax, 27;
with Lady John at St. Leonard's, 28;
speech on Mr. Hume's motion on the
income-tax, 28 ; letter to Lord Auck-
land on a reduction of the naval
estimates, 29; letters to the Duke of
Wellington on a reduction in the
army, 30, 31 ; declaration of neu-
trality in the French crisis, after the
flight of Louis Philippe, 32; criticism
of Lamartine's policy and views, 33;
his devotion to the cause of Italian
freedom, 33; sends Lord Minto on a
mission to Italy, 34; his memorandum
on affairs in Europe, with recommen-
dations, 35–37; checks Lord Palmer-
ston's foreign policy, 38; sent for by
the Queen on the subject of foreign
affairs, 39; letter from Lord Grey on
Lord Palmerston's conduct of the
Foreign Office, 39; and from Sir
Charles Wood on the same subject,
4o ; letter of remonstrance to Lord
Palmerston, 42; another memoran-
dum on foreign affairs, 43, 44; at
Windsor in consultation with the
Queen, 44; letter to Palmerston on
the Austro-Italian conflict, 45; letter
to Lord Aberdeen on a compromise
between Austria and Italy, 45 m ;
letter from and to Palmerston on the
supply of arms to the Sicilian insur-
gents by an English contractor, 46,
47; project of removing Palmerston
to Ireland, 47; persuades Palmerston
to offer Naples an apology, 48;
mediates in the Ponsonby-Palmerston
fracas, 48; all despatches submitted
to the Queen to pass through his
hands, 49; letter from Lord Palmer-
ston on the Hungarian refugees in
Turkey, 50 ; letter to Lord Minto,
51; repudiates interference with the
Greek Government, 52 ; letters to
and from Lord Palmerston on the
unaltered despatch to Mr. Wyse,
53, 54; letter from Prince Albert on
the termination of the Greek dispute,
55; letter to Palmerston notifying an
intended change in the Foreign De-
partment, 56; speech in the House
in defence of Palmerston's foreign
policy, 58; his position between the
Court and the Foreign Office, 58; me-
morandum on the state of Ireland, 6o;
reply to Lord Jocelyn's speech on
Irish rebellion, 62; letter from the
Duke of Wellington on the Chartist
procession, 64; and from Sir George
Grey on the same subject, 65; letter
from his brother, the Duke of Bed-
ford, on the safe issue from the
Chartist procession, 66; birth of his
second son, 66; suspends the Habeas
Corpus Act in Ireland, 69; alarm at
false news of the Irish rebellion, 70;
visits Ireland, 71; reception at Dub-
lin, 71; his brother, the Duke of
Bedford, makes over Lord Ludlow's
bequest to him, 71; served with
a subpoena by Smith O'Brien, 72;
travelling in Scotland, 72; proposes
to endow the Roman Catholic clergy
and promote emigration from Ireland,
73; his memorandum for submission
to the Pope on the matter, 74; his
scheme of Irish emigration, 75-77;
his emigration scheme rejected by the
Cabinet, 78; threatens to throw up
the government, 78; passes a poor-
rate for Ireland, 79; and the Irish
Poor Law Bill, 8o; its rating clause
struck out in the Lords, 81 ; induces
the House to acquiesce in the
amendment, 81 ; Mr. Roebuck's at-
tack, 81; justifies his Irish policy, 81;
passes an Irish Loan Bill, 83; extends
Irish franchise, 84; endeavours to ob-
tain the abolition of the Viceroyalty
and the institution of a fourth Secre-
tary of State, 84,85; fluctuates in his
view of the substitute for a Viceroy,
85 n ; withdraws his proposals on
the Lord-Lieutenancy, 86; weak
health in 1848, 88; his feeble support
in the House of Commons, 88; offers
Macaulay Lord Zetland's borough of
Richmond, 89; letter in dog-Latin
to his wife, 92 n; his Bills for pro-

moting the health of towns and
removing Jewish disabilities, 91;

abandonment of Bill for repealing
the Navigation Acts, 92; compromise
on the sugar question, 92, 93; in-
discreet attack on Lord George
Bentinck, 92; points out the reason
for the failure of the Ministerial
measures, 93; letter from Lord Nor-
manby on the failure of the legislative
machinery to compete with the coun-
try's business, and remedial proposal,
94; his answer to Mr. Disraeli's
obituary notice of the session, 95; de-
clines to buy the press in his interest,
95; enlarges the basis of his adminis-
tration, 96; offers Sir James Graham
the Admiralty, 96; on his refusal
gives it to Sir Francis Baring, 97;
lessening of the distrust between him
and Sir Robert Peel, 97; stakes the
existence of the Ministry on the pass-
ing of the Bill for repealing the Navi-
gation Acts, 97; his remarks on Lord
Brougham's opposition to this Bill,
98; letter from a shipowner on the
Bill, 98 n; entertains the idea of a
peerage, 99; birth of a third son,
99; at Balmoral with the Queen,
1oo; kills the first deer ever shot by
a Prime Minister in office, Ioo; verse
to his wife, Ioo; last interview with
Moore, 1oo; brings the proposal of
a new Reform Bill before the Cabinet,
Ior ; his proposal discountenanced,
IoI ; answer to Mr. Hume's Reform
measure, IoI ; his colonial measures,
Io3; speech on the suppression of
the slave traffic, 105; interchange
of views with Sir Robert Peel on
Horace's Odes, 107,108; speech on
the death of Sir Robert Peel, 109;
offers Lady Peel a public funeral for
her husband and a peerage for her-
self, Io9; carries a motion for the
erection of a monument to Sir Robert
in Westminster Abbey, 11o; holiday-
making at Manchester, 111 ; at home
at Pennbroke Lodge, 111; on a holi-
day tour in Scotland, 1.12; ‘the big-
gest man in the kingdom, 112 n;
reception in Inverness-shire, 113; love
of sport, 113; the Highland gillie's
estimate of his sporting capacity, 113;
at Woburn seeing the old year out
and the new year in, 113; interest
in the Church of England, 116; his
clerical appointments, 116, 117;
letter to the Bishop of London on the
Privy Council's judgment in the Gor-
han case, 117; letter to the Arch-

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