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SCHOONERS. 1 E. M. Healey, Healey, 259 Mauricetown, 1860 Greenwich, Cardenas,

Put in Holmes' Hole, leaky, May 29,

Portland, 22 Envoy, Low, 110 Damariscotta, 1849 Boston, Bangor, New-York,

Put in Boston, leaky, June 20,
4J. J. Spencer....

A. Dole, 234 Bridgton, N.J. 1855 Camden, N.J. New Orleans, Bordeaux, Put in Philadelphia, leaky, May 20,
Mary Ann.

126 Morristown, 1847 Morristown, Delaware R., Wrecking, Total loss at Overalls, Del. Bay,
17 Mariner, (Br.) Morris, 240 Cornwallis, 1860 Cornwallis,

Abandoned, lat. 40 15, lon. 69 38, May 28,

Hillsboro, N.B New York, 5 Medora, L. Rhoades, 99 Bucksport, 1848 Rockland, New-York,

Portland,

Col. schr. Tarquin, and sunk, June 2, 2 N. & D. Scudder... Pinckney, 97 Mystic, Ct., 1852 Barnstable, Barnstable,

Put in Liverpool, N. S., leaky, May 15,

Fishing, 4 Sarah H. Sears, ... AEGoodsell 176 Fairhaven, 1859 New Haven, New York,

Nassau,

Aband. 18 m. from Harbor Island, May 18, 29 Sea Breeze, (Br.). R. Wilson, 192 Hopewell, N.B 1860 St. Johns, N.B. Matanzas, New York, Put in St. Thomas leaky, (2d dis.) June 10, 13 Woodpecker, (Br.)

175 London, 11860 London, Columbia R., Victoria, Total loss on Columbia Bar, May 10,

10 Schooners,

Totals,
MARINE LOSSES FOR JULY, 1861.

Total loss by fire in Hampton Roads, $ 25,000

$ 25,000
S'k by wreck of John Truck, Phil. June 28, 1,800 $ 10,000

11,800
Struck sunk, barge, sunk near Stuyvesant, 10,000

10,000
Ashore on Bears Sh’l, Monomey, July 18, 2,600

2,600 4 Steamers,

.. Totals, $ 89,400 $10,000 $ 49,400

STEAMERS.

DATE.

MASTER.

TONS.

WHERE BUILT.

8 Cataline,

150 New-York,
1 Jno. R. Thompson, Jas. Colory, 115 Baltimore,
6 New World, St. John,

New-York,
22 Potomska... Nye, 287 Hoboken,

SHIPS.
20 Argonout,

Norton,
30 Alfred Hill, Morse,

9 Edgar Stringer,... Wood,
11 Emily Farnum, ... Simes,
17 Ethan Allen, ...

Lindburg,
4 Elizabeth Kimbal, Wilson,
18 Golden Rocket,

Powers,
20J. Wakefield,

Howe,
6 Lawson,.. D. Wright,
29 Live Yankee, Boyle,
30 Maggie Carie,(Br.) Craig,
11 Middlesex, Merrill,
22 Santiago, (Br.).. Davison,
81 Star of Hope, Pearson,
80Wm. Witherel,... Atwood,

8,700

570 Medford, 1849 Boston, Boston, Shanghae, T'w'd in Singapore May 19, col.with St.M. $ 5,000

$5,000
549 Chelsea, 1854 Bath, Me. Boston, Hong Kong, Lost on the Prata Shoals, May 15,

25,000 $40,000 65,000
1352 Bath, Me., 1854 Newport, E., Newport, E. Madras, Sunk 175 miles S.E. Pernambuco, May 29, 52,000 63,500 115,500
1119 Portsmouth, 1854 London, Portsmouth, Calcutta, Ashore 80 miles N. Pernambuco, June 8, 1,000

1,000
556 East Boston, 1858 Boston, Cronstadt,

Boston,
Put into Elsinore in distress, June 29, 6,000

2,000

8,000 998 Beverly, Mass. 1858 Beverly, Mass. Callao, Cork, Put into Valparaiso in distress, May 29, 7,600 4,000 11,600 608 Bangor, Me., 1858 Bangor, Havana, Cienfuegos, Total loss, burnt by privateer Jeff. Davis, 85,000

85,000 1225 Rockland, 1854 Rockland, Cardiff, Shanghae, Put into Queenstown, leaky, June 26,

1,000

4,700 597 Bath, Me. 1855 Puget Sound, Puget Sound, Toulon, Total loss by fire at Toulon,

80,000 18,000 48,000 1637 Rockland, 1858 New York, Cardiff, Kurrachee, Lost on the Brazilian coast, June 26, 65,000 10,000

75,000 592 Wiscassett, 1847 Liverpool, En. Liverpool, Baltimore, Ashore in Chesapeake B.,

July 25, tot. loss 10,000 3,000 18,000
496 Medford, 1840 Princetown, St. Johns, N B. Queenstown, Put into Halifax, leaky, June 24,

3,500 1,000 4,500
855 Guernsey, 1845 England, Tome, Liverpool, Put in Falkland Is., fore c'mp'rt full wat'r, 6,000 10,000 16,000
1198 Portsmouth, 1855 Newburyport, London, Calcutta,

Abandoned at sea, June 15,

50,000 60,000 110,000 875 Castine, Me., 11851 Castine, Boston, London, Put in Portland, July 29, lost topmasts, &c 1,200

1,200 15 Ships,..........

.. Totals, $301,000 $ 212,500 $ 518,500

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MARINE LOSSES FOR JULY, 1861. (CONTINUED.)

DATE.

BARKS.

MASTER.

TONS.

WHERE BUILT.

YEAR,

HAIL FROM.

WHERE FROM

WHERE TO.

DISASTERS.

LOSS ON
VESSEL.

20 Arctic,
Cutler, 489 Richmond, 1851 Boston,

Liverpool, Havana, 6 Edward Hill, J. H. Avery, 499 Warren, R. I., 1856 Newbury, Boston,

New-York,

2,500 885 Warren, Me., 1856 Warren, Me., Bordeaux, 24 Iola Wylie,

Hussam,

17,500
Patterson,

Collision and sunk, July 6, total loss,

Boston, In port,
Burnt at Boston, July 4,

14,000

2,500 20 Mary R. Barny, 250 Warren, R. I., 1854 Fall River,

Falmouth, E., Put into Bermuda in distress, June 8,

Havana, 402 Portsmouth, 1824 Boston, 18 Sarah Sheaf,

460 Medford, Taylor, 1855 Caldera, Caldera, Baltimore,

1,000

BRIGS.
12 Altevela, Reed, 198 Searsport, Me. 1853 Searsport, Trinidad, Philadelphia, Ashore near Cape Henelopen,
27 Creole, (Br.).. Robinson,

Abd. in hurricane, lat. 31 28, long. 72 12,
286 E. Boston, 1850 Belize, Hond., New York, Belize,

Philadelphia, Havana,"
23 Costa Rica,
260 Portsmouth, 1857 New-York,

Put back to Philadelphia, cond. and sold,
Chapman,
17 Elizabeth, (Br.)... Sturtevant, 273 Portsmouth, 1854 New-York, Kingston, Ja., New York, On a reef off Cuba, condemned,
22 Errichita, (Ital.).. M. Russo, 800 Sarrente, 1860 Naples, New-York,

On fire, foot Clinton-st., East River, July,

In port, 4 Fanny O. Field,... Herriman, 198 Prospect, Me., 1854 Prospect, Boston,

In port,

Burnt at Boston, July 4,
17 Gloria, (Br.). Lecroix, 235 Uckermunde, 1858 Jersey, Rio Janeiro, Baltimore, Ashore near Carrituck, N. C., July 4, con.
4 H. Matthews, Lampher, 240 Searsport, 1849 Boston,

Boston,

Burnt at Boston, July 4,
In port,

Rio Grande, Dmgd in gale, stove galley, cabin doors,
27 John Jeffrey, R. N. Seely, 195 Bangor,

New York,

1859 Bangor,
18 J. Nickerson,

Rio Grande, Abd and sunk, 12 miles NE. Pt. Anago,
Evans,

199 Fall River, 1847 Boston, Lisbon,
3 Julia,
300 New-London, 1861 New-York,

Cuba,
Phinney,

Aspinwall,

Ashore near Punta Luena Reef, total loss, 2 Medford,

108 Medford,
Cook,
1844 Boston,

Fayal,
Boston,

Put into Fayal, leaky, and condemned,
4 Orilla,
S. P. Griffin, 298 Prospect, Me., 1855 Stockton,

Boston,
In port,

Burnt at Boston, July 4,
176 St. Peters Bay, 1851 Pictou, N. S., St.Jagó, Cuba, New York, Ashore at Bird Rock, May 3, condemned,
18 Orient,

Page, 20 Ornen, Hansen,

Bristol, Eng., Col. and sunk, June 23, 264 Risoer, 1936 Norway,

Montreal, 26 S. P. Brown, Hammond, 181 Orland, 1850 Newport, R. I. Liverpool, Providence, Put into Queenstown for repairs,

16 Brigs,

Totals,

$9,000

SCHOONERS.
26 Benj. S. Wright, Brown, 120 Frankfort, 1859 Frankfort, Gloucester, Fishing, Put into Gloucester for rep., col. July 28,
27 Bodulch,... Perkins, 97 Castine, Me., 1888 Castine, Me., New York, St. Ann's Bay, Abandoned in a hurricane, July 10,
26 Chas. S. Carstaire, Naylor, 254 Pocomoke, 1854 Philadelphia, Boston, Philadelphia, Ashore on Rainford Island Rocks, (off,)
1 Christiana Keen,.. Stacey, 218 Perth Amboy, 1857 Perth Amboy,

Total loss, burnt by secessionists, 4 Dashaway,... Littlefield, 177 Surrey, Me., 1855 Surrey, Me., Boston, In port,

Burnt at Boston, July 4,
4 Energy, J. Mitchell, 67 Maine, 1859 St.Georges, Me St. Georges, Me Boston Missing since May 27,
9 Emily C. Horton,. Deming, 110 Cape May, (1846 New-York, Port Ewing, New-Bedford, Col. with Str. Metropolis, sunk, July 7,

$ 600
3,000
8,700
9,000
7,500
1,500
1,800

$ 600
12,000
5,700
9,000
7,500
1,500
2,550

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20 Envoy,

Low,

110 Damariscotta, 1849 Boston, New-York, Boston, Sprung aleak, ash. Vineyard Sd., July 17, 18 Exchange,

Fuller, 100 N. Providence 1840 Baltimore,

Putin Rio Janeiro, leaky, June 4, cond.,

Rio Grande, New York, 4 F. A. Hawkins, Mayo, 122 Noank, L. I., 1848 Eastham,

Boston,
In port,

Burnt at Boston, July 4,
22 George S. Green, Cobb, 281 Wilmington, 1858 Wellfleet,

Boston, Philadelphia, Col. July 19, lost jackstays, davits & boat,
15 Gen. Veaze, Gallagher, 132 Hampden,

Total loss at Bird Rock, June 28,

1851 Port au Prince Port au Prince Boston, 20 Gertrude Horton, Pendleton, 125 Rockland, 1846 Rockland, Me. New York, Portsmouth, Col. Str. Pennsylvania, put in N.Haven, 18 Harriet,

Young, 147 Trenton, Me., 1854 Trenton,

Condemned at Gibraltar, June 12,

Trenton, Mo., Gibraltar,
20 Harvest Home,

Forbes,

90 Essex, Mass., 1856 Gloucester, Gloucester, Georges Bank, Collision, lost chainplates, rail, &c.,
27 Jane N. Baker,

Put back, damaged in hurricane, July 23,
Handy,

270 New Jersey, 1854 Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Key West,
4 M. A. McNeil, Kelly, 280 Camden, N. J. 1858 Boston, Mobile,

Boston,

Burnt at Boston, July 4, 81 Nerissa, Bagnes, 96 Baltimore, 1849 Hingham,

Put back to Grand Turk, cond. and sold,

Turk's Island, Boston,
8 Only Son, Jas, Fraser, 188 Barnstable, 1840 Pittston, Me., Bridget'n, N.S. Boston, Missing since April
8 Red Rover, Baker, 90 Kingston,

1838 Belfast, Penobscot Riv

Ashore at Hampden, 20 Rachel S. Miller, .. Henderson, 195 Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Salem, Ashore at Block Island, July 10, (off, 23 Rolla, Bambrick, 84 Essex,

1857 Gloucester, Gloucester, Fishing, Missing since June 16, 18 Seeing,.. Sofford, 158 Currituck, 1858 Baltimore,

Baltimore, Kennebunk, Put into New-York in distress, 22 Stony Brk. Packet, (Sloop,)

Elizabethport, Providence, Total loss at Walch Hill, July 15, 27 Tamaulipas,

199 Greenport,

1859 Greenport, Matanzas, Falmouth, E., Put into Halifax, July 21, foremast sprung 4 Quindaro....

Walls,

238 Ellsworth, 1857 Ellsworth, Trinidad, Cuba Cork, At Boston in distress, and burnt July 4,
20 Valorous, (Br.),

Ashore on the Isle of Pines, June 27,
Wilson, 100 Lunenburg, 1860 Lunenburg, Cienfuegos, Halifax,

26 Schooners,

Totals,

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RECAPITULATION OF LOSSES FOR THE YEAR 1861.

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RAIL-ROAD AND TELEGRAPH STATISTICS.

I. THE TELEGRAPE FROM Moscow To NEW-YORK. II. British RAILWAY STATISTICS. III, NEW

ROUTE FROM EUROPE TO INDIA. IV. IMPORTANT TO RAILWAY COMPANIES. V. STEAM OX Common ROADS. VI. THE PACIFIC TELEGRAPI. VII. TUE ATLANTIC CABLE,

THE RUSSIAN PACIFIC TELEGRAPH. The plan for establishing a telegraphic line connecting Europe through Siberia with the Pacific Ocean has, during four years, had time to take shape and form, so that, at the commencement of the present year,

the

supreme sanction was given to the project for constructing a telegraphic line in the counties bordering on the Amoor and Oussouri, from Nikolaiewsk by Kabarovka to the port of Novgorod, (1,900 versts,) the most important point of the possessions recently annexed to Russia on the sea of Japan. The establishment of this line is undertaken by the Ministry of Marine at its cost and under its direction; and at the same time the superior direction of the means of communication (Board of Works) has commenced the construction of a line starting from Kasan in the direction of Siberia, which proposes opening at the end of the present year a telegraphic communication from Kasan to Omsk, (1,900 versts,) and continue it afterwards to Irkutsk, a distance of 2,475 versts from Omsk. Thus, probably within two or three years, on the one side there will be telegraphic communication between Europe and Asia to Irkutsk, and, on the other hand, our new colonies on the Amoor and Oussouri will be connected with each other, and with our principal ports on the Japanese waters. Thus of the extent of 10,000 versts, which the Siberian telegraph will embrace, there only remains the central portion, that of Irkutsk by Kyachta to Kabarovka, about 3,500 versts, where as yet nothing has been settled; but it is beyond a doubt that as soon as the works actually projected shall have been successfully completed, this intermediate line will be constructed, and thus, within four or five years at the latest, the gigantic project of a telegraph from Europe to the distant lands on the shores of the Pacific Ocean will be realized. The year 1861 promises to be a memorable one, if we consider the great questions which will receive a solution. Among those questions we must place the commencement of a durable connection and the establishment of rapid communication between Siberia and civilized Europe, and the apparatus of the electric telegraph on the virgin' shores of the Amoor and Sea of Japan. It seems needless to point out the importance and usefulness of so vast an extension of improved communication by the promoters of civilization and commerce. - St. Petersburgh Gazette.

Colonel ROMANOFF, of the imperial Russian engineers, was introduced to the members of the New-York Chamber of Commerce, October 11th, to lay before them the project of a telegraph line to run from St. Petersburgh to some point on the eastern shore of Siberia, and from thence to the Russian possessions on this continent.

40

The great overland telegraph to be erected will, when completed, form a direct chain of communication throughout the world. It was first started in accordance with an ukase from the Emperor of Russia, issued in 1858, since which time three thousand miles of it have been laid from St. Petersburgh to Omsk, in Eastern Siberia. Moscow, three thousand five hundred miles from that point, will be the principal station. The wires will go over Behring's Straits, a distance of forty miles, the currents of which depend on the winds, and are never beyond three miles. The widest gap in the Straits is eight miles. The line will cross from Omsk to Orkutsk, thence to Kyachta—the great entrepôt of commerce from Siberia to China; from that point it will be continued to the Altai Mountains to Cheta, and thence to Nicoleisk, at the mouth of the Amoor River. This will end the Russian project which has been guaranteed by the government. The propriety of continuing the line to the United States is now under advisement, and the project is considered easily practicable, involving only an additional outlay of $1,000,000 or $3,000,000, according to the route taken. The following table shows the number of miles to be embraced by the whole line :

Milea.
St. Louis to San Francisco, (1,800 miles finished,).

2,000
San Francisco to Prince of Wales' Cape,...

2,600
Behring's Straits (submerged,)..
East Cape to mouth of Amoor River,.

2,400
Amoor River to Moscow, (1,200 miles finished,)..

7,000 Total,..

13,940 Count ROMANOFF states that the line will be completed to Irkutsh in about a year, which will enable the merchants of London to communicate with Pekin in fourteen days. It has been proposed to extend it from the mouth of the Amoor to Jeddo, Japan, which will involve but three submerges-one of six miles, one of eight and another of twelve. Count ROMANOFF also stated that the cable sunk in the Red Sea by the British government, to communicate with India, was eaten by insects, with which the water abounds, after it had successfully operated for about three months, and it is now considered impracticable to renew the enterprise at that point. The British government had appointed a commission to inquire into the causes of failure.

American vessels frequently sail to the Amoor with spices, tea, coffee, iron, &c., and the establishment of telegraphic communication between the United States and that point, and Russia in general, must tend to increase the trade between both countries.

Col. ROMANOFF will prosecute his inquiries in the United States for about two months, and then return to Russia. Mr. Collins, in the mean time, will give him many of the facilities necessary to his mission.

The proposed line will unite all the telegraphs in the world, without crossing the Atlantic Ocean, so that the great “ cable" enterprise need not be resuscitated. The cost is set down for two wires at $3,000,000. To maintain this line, one thousand men, at $300 each per annum, would become necessary, making a total of $300,000. To this force it is proposed to add one hundred stations, at $1,000 per annum; two supply vessels at $40,000; interest on capital at 74 per cent. per annum, $210,000 ; contingencies, $100,000. Total, $750,000. It is calculated that 300,000 messages, at $5 each, would be received, making a total of $1,500,000 revenue.

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