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Exports of Certain Leading Articles of Domestic Produce from New-York to Foreign

Ports for the first Nine Months of the Year.
1858,
1859.
1860.

1861, Ashes, pots, .bbls., 9,834 . 11,667 .. 12,016 11,376 pearls. 1,368 1,611

2,740 .. 2,560 Beeswax,

. lbs., 162,646 143,017 179,669 .. 195,464 Breadstuffs :

Wheat flour, .bbls., 1,139,621 633,464 .. 1,188,877 .. 1,980,834 Rye flour,

5,434 4,287

6,469

8,963 Corn meal,

61,980 62,257 72,889 86,171 Wheat,

.bushels. 3,017,653 33,761 6,672,002 .. 17,152,838 Rye,

12,487

100 450,188 Oats,.

27,961 9,208 101,624 145,832 6,550 8,280

1,000 Corn,...

1,335,662 168,748 .. 2,137,552 .. 8,613,811 Candles, mould, .boxes, 43,763 39,733 46,734 53,361 sperm,

5,942 9,805 15,442 10,862 Coal,..

.tons, 19,413 49,876 .. 27,941 .. 22,723 Cotton,

.bales, 109,453 149,011 135,096 151,334 Hay,

24,258 22,822 16,671 .. 13,380 Hops,.

1,889

185

6,688 .. 22,142 Naval stores :

Crude turpentine,..bbls., 72,473 65,512 43,790 21,565 Spirits

52,052 65,511 65,597 18,714 Rosin,

347,385 457,013 406,222 189,166 Tar... 9,552 21,442 . 20,087 ..

25,704 Pitch,

3,943. 4,913 .. 0,013 .. 2,504 Oils :

Whale,... ... .gallons, 324,328 .. 141,914 .. 248,171 .. 674,642 Sperm,

863,370 .. 1,142,429 .. 955,729 865,501 Lard,

24,296 .. 31,797.. 47,745 92,860 Linseed,

32,358 .. 23,279.. 29,434 .. 30,137 Provisions : Pork,

.bbls., 62,180,. 107,587 .. 72,955 .. 82,721 Beef,

60,473 79,976 30,431 23,048 .tierces,

49,309 24,673 Cut meats,

lbs.,

15,148,043 5,035,580 .. 13,989,922 .. 41,593,266 Butter,

1,378,790 2,083,874 7,328,025 10,843,257 Cheese,

4,009,321 4,786,741 16,427,494 21,810,952 Lard,..

9,940,119 8,185,183 .. 15,244,619.. 33,308,298 Rice,

....tierces, 32,209 31,199 20,818 15,911 ....bbls.,

22,696 14,628 Tallow,

.lbs., 1,111,190 1,937,378 .. 9,930,606 18,347,036 Tobacco, crude, .pkgs., 46,793 52,540 65,586 79,684

manuf., .Ibs., 3,419,750 .. 4,312,791 .. 5,261,159 2,772,571 Whalebone,

926,159 .. 1,483,193 .. 555,391 .. 751,163

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The importations of coffee since the passage of the tariff bill have been materially below the average, viz. :

1858.
1859.
1860.

1861. New-York, .tons, 30,021

34,633
22,028

40,029 Boston,

6,006
6,739
3,697

3,111 Philadelphia,

66

7,002
10,404
4,857

6,065 Baltimore,

9,844
13,099
7,897

9,137 New Orleans,

13,867
18,463
12,798

9,620

Nine mos.,.......
Three mos.,.

..tons, 65,740

32,782

82,338
21,932

67,962

61,274
25,243

Twelve mos.,.
Monthly average,

.tons, 98,522

8,210

104,270

8,688

76,517
6,376

6,663 110,150 . . 113,350 120,700 .. 141,150 121,337

The stock of coffee at New-York on the 1st October was less than the average monthly imports of the year 1858 or 1859, viz. : Stock of Coffee at the five principal Ports of the United States of America on the 1st

of October, 1858–1861.

TOTAL Toxs.

66

STOCK IX

1858.
1859.
1860.

1861. New-York, ..... .tons, 1,670

6,465

866

7,140 Boston,...

250
835
303

985 Philadelphia,

686
296
71

49 Baltimore,

755
2,123

193

1,571 New-Orleans,

2,500
1,786
1,286

none. Total 1st October,.

5,861
11,505
2,719

9,745 Increase,

4,138 European ports have five-fold the stock that our ports have.

Stocks of Coffee in the six principal Depots of Europe, up to 1st September. STOCK 1ST SEPTEMBER. 1858.

1859. 1860.* 1861. Arerage. In Holland,.....

tons, 48,950 41,550 31,500 22,150 36,037 Antwerp,

3,650 2,700 2,450 2,600 2,850 Hamburg,

8,750 6,750 4,000 9,000 7,125 Trieste,

3,700 1,800 1,850 3,300 2,662 Havre,....

2,800 4,550 5,450 7,250 0,012 Great Britain, 11,900 7,900 7.750 7,460 8,738

Total Sept. 1st,..tons, 79,750 .... 65,250 53,000 .... 61,700 .... 62,424

The stock of sugar in New-York on the first of October, 1861, was about one-half what it was at the same date in 1860. The new tariff of August, 1861, has reduced the importations to a low figure. We find that the importations of sugar for nine months of the year 1861, compared with three previous years, are as follow :

1858.
1859,
1860.

1861. New-York,....

.tons, 177,996 189,629 224,345 180,882 Boston,..

29,561 28,968 42,385 26,802 Philadelphia,

22,464 29,253 29,286 18,895 Baltimore,..

21,127 19,925 28,309 10,746

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9 mos., 3 mos.,

237,325

..tons, 251,148

29,916

267,775
27,654

324,325
40,138

12 mos.,

281,064 295,429 364,463 In the leading ports of Europe the stock, on 1st September, was four times that of the United States, (from E. H. MorinG's N. Y. Circular,) viz. : Stocks of Sugar in the six principal Depots of Europe, up to 1st September.

1858. 1859. 1860. 1861. Average. In Holland,

.tons, 16,000. 13,500.. 12,000 .. 23,500.. 16,250 Antwerp,. 1,600 2,700 600

1,900 Hamburg,

2,400 4,000

6,000 7,750 5,037 Trieste,

0,550 5,600 2,550 ... 1,600 3,800 Havre,

850

8,950 6,450 8,650 5,975 Great Britain,.

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2,700.:

Total, Sept. 1st,.....

.tons, 136,550 .. 148,000 .. 147,300 .. 185,350 .. 164,299 United States,..

40,517 .. 55,912 .. 89,458 .. 42,377 ..

The stock on hand in New-York, on 1st October, was only 32,820 tons, or about equal to the average of forty-tive days' imports, and about one-half what it was in October, in 1860, viz. :

Stock of Sugar on hand at four Principal Ports, October 1st.

TOTAL Toxs.
STOCK IN

1858.
1859.

1860. New-York,

29,508 42,395 61,427 Boston,

0,344

6,563 14,423 Philadelphia,

2,380
3,784

4,466 Baltimore,

3,285

3,170 9,142

1861. 32,820 7,126

80 2,351

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One of the most interesting items of the month is the completion of the telegraphic line of communication from New-York City to Salt Lake City, via St. Louis. The first message was published at New-York on Saturday, October 19th, dated Salt Lake City, October 18th. The line from the latter city to San Francisco, was completed on the 24th of October; thus giving us a direct communication between the Atlantic and the Pacific.

Measures have been taken by the Russian government to extend the telegraphic line from Moscow, eastwardly, to the mouth of the Amoor. Of this line, some fifteen hundred miles have been completed. From the Amoor, the line will be further extended through Asiatic Russia to Behring's Straits ; thence across to Russian America, where a connection will be formed with the British territory, and to the extreme northern point of the United States on the Pacific, and thence to San Francisco; thus giving, at an early day, a complete telegraphic communication from New-York, westwardly, to Asia, and to Russia in Europe and to other portions of the European continent.

We reported in our September number, (page 331,) that the banks of New-York, Philadelphia and Boston had agreed in convention to take the new loan of the general government to the extent of fifty millions of dollars, with the option of taking fifty millions further on the 15th of October, and fifty millions on the 15th of December. The first subscription of fifty millions was allotted as follows, showing the capital and specie of the banks of the three cities, August 17: No. of Banks. Aggregate Capital. Loan allotted.

Specie. New-York,

$ 69,900,000 $ 35,000,000 $ 49,733,000 Boston,...

38,000,000
10,000,000

7,000,000 Philadelphia,

6,400,000 The effect of this upon the New-York banks was to increase the loans from 108 millions, as reported on the 17th August, to a weekly average of 137 millions on the 24th, the specie funds becoming reduced thereafter according to the instalments drawn for by the treasury. The changes in the aggregate movements of the banks are indicated in the following table of loans, specie, circulation, deposits and exchanges, at the beginning of each month, since January last :

11,811,000 5,000,000

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Weekly

Sub1861.

Loans. Specie. Circulation. Deposits. Clearings. Treasury. Jan. 6, $ 129,625,465 $ 24,839,475 $8,698,283 $86,454,430 $ 95,994,868 $3,645,500 Feb. 2, 121,907,024 31,054,509 8,099,376 87,879, 743 122,138,525 4,328,000 Mch. 2, 121,893,963 34,480,407 8,290,755 89,635,298 126,728,832 9,166,030 Apl. 6, 122,113,496 41,705,558 8,930,141 94,859,810 123,277,671 8,486,494 May 4, 124,610,166 38,054,254 9,296,399 94,977,381 106,413,316 9,761,762 June 1, 118,290,181 37,502,402 8,683,780 90,197,459 88,847,249 11,468,789 July 6, 112,134,668 46,630,025 8,862,799 90,579,753 88,313,230 4,616,620 Aug. 3, 111,719,111 46,226,181 8,585,674 92,229,384 81,415,525 6,738,059 Aug. 17, 108,717,434 49,733,990 8,521,426 92,046,308 80,172,670 4,380,239 Sept. 7, 139,168,230 41,887,230 8,890,581 114,091,061 89,058,896 13,094,909 Sept. 14, 136,565,624 37,529,412 8,792,620 106,760,876 95,611,078 14,293,222 Sept. 28, 126,128,326 38,123,552 8,638,780 96,551,898 85,685,514 13,103,484 Oct. 5, 148,646,488 39,809,901 8,884,056 120,607,649 110,687,377 10,629,098 Oct. 12, 156,318,914 41,139,606 8,733,090 129,188,487 113,981,352 10,802,803 Oct. 19, 151,828,438 42,282,884 8,583,673 126,433,063 122,803,544 9,508,649

The receipts and shipments of wheat at Milwaukie last week were the largest ever known for a single week at that city, amounting to more than six hundred thousand bushels received, and over a million bushels forwarded. The receipts were, Flour. Wheat. Oats. Corn. Barley.

Rye. bols. bush.

bush. bush. bush. bush. Total since Jan. 1, 376,181 .. 10,615,559 70,118.. 81,858.. 35,429.. 62,285 Same time in 1860, 107,860.. 6,093,329.. 148,864 .. 107,366 .. 64,253 .. 34,234 Same time in 1859, 142,871.. 3,314,290 .. 201,236 .. 137,450.. 101,178.. 9,654

Shipments of flour and wheat from January 1st to October 19th, in the years 1860 and 1861, compare as follow :

.flour, bbls. 287,550 wheat, bush. 4,794,815 1861,

530,380

10,694,586

for the year :

1860,.

Increase,...

242,630

6,898,771 The annual meeting of the Clearing-House Association of the banks of this city was held October 15th, when Thomas TILESTON was re-elected Chairman, and William B. MEEKER, Secretary. The following committee was elected and appointed :

Clearing-House Committee.-J. D. VERMILYE, GEORGE S. COE, J. M. MORRISON, E. D. Brown and J. M. PRICE.

Committee on Conference.—JAMES GALLATIN, JACOB CAMPBELL, Jr., George W. DUER, A. S. FRASER and R. H. HAYDOCK.

Committee on Admissions.-D. R. Martin, C. F. HUNTER, H. BLYDENBURG, J. Q. JONES and M. M. FREEMAN.

Committee on Arbitration.-H. H. JACQUES, John Thompson, J. W. Duer, W. L. JENKINS and F. A. Platt.

Mr. G. D. Lyman was re-appointed manager.
CLEARING-HOUSE TRANSACTIONS FROM OCTOBER 11, 1863, TO OCTOBER 1, 1861.

Aggregate balances.

Aggregate exchanges. 1853–4,.

$ 297,411,493 69

$ 6,750,455,987 06 1854-5,

289,694,137 14

6,362,912,098 33 1855–6,

334,714,489 33

6,906,213,328 47 1856–7,

365,313,901 69

8,333,226,718 06 1857-8,

314,238,910 60

4,756,664,386 09 1858-9,

363,984,682 56

6,448,005,956 01 1859-60,

308,693,438 37

7,231,143,056 69 353,383,944 41

6,915,742,758 05

1860–61,..

$ 2,627,434,997 79 Total transactions for eight years,.

$ 50,704,365,288 81

83,331,799,286 60

FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE

OF THE MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE AND COMMERCIAL REVIEW.

London, October 5th, 1861. While the Bank of France and its branches have felt the necessity of curtailing their loans on commercial paper, owing to the drain of gold from the country, the Bank of England pursues an opposite policy, by reducing the minimum rate of discount.

From the 16th of May to the 1st of August the Bank of England rate stood at 6 per cent.; at the latter date it was reduced to 5 per cent.; on the 15th of August, to 41, and on the 29th to 4 per cent. On the 19th September a further reduction to 31 per cent. was made.

On the 26th of September the Bank of France advanced their rate of discount from 5 per cent., at which it had stood since the 22d of March, to 54 per cent. This movement was partly anticipated, a belief having been entertained in Paris during the previous week that an increased demand for money would soon be felt from the continued grain purchases.

On Tuesday, October 1st, the Bank of France raised the rate of discount to 6 per cent., the former rise, on the 26th ult., not having been found effectual in arresting the efflux of bullion. Advices from Paris state that the condition of the Bourse on the 2d was such as has not been paralleled for many years. The uncertainty and agitation were extreme, and at one time it was almost impossible to transact business. This was, in part, produced by the Bank of France having borrowed, till the next settlement at the end of the month, an amount oqual to about a million sterling, upon French rentes, at the rate of 5)

, por cent. per annum. The scarcity of money thus produced caused the general terms for carrying on transactions from account to account to avance, until between 8 and 10 per cent. were the minimum rates.

The following is an abstract of the gross revenue of the United Kingdom in the year and quarter ending September 30, 1861, compared with the corresponding periods of the preceding year : QUARTER ENDING SEPT. 80.

YEAR ENDING Spot, 80.
1880.
1861,
1860.

1861. Customs,

£5,888,000 £5,982,000 ..£22,396,895 € 28,488,000 Excise,..

5,089,000 4,221.000 20,071),(0) 18,624,00) Stamps.

2,063,000) 2.012,000 8,267,258 8.126,170 Taxes,

166.000)

160,000 8,257,600 %, 120,000 Property tax, 2,281,000

991,000) 10,209,816 11,12A, Post-office,

800,000

870),600 8,870,000 Crown lands...

66,479

229,6 Miscellaneo118,..

315,698

297,753 1,849,910) 1.243,511 Total income,..£16,658,186 - £14,801,232 ..£70,899,917 $ 69, R16, 16.6

Subjoined are the imports of wheat and floor into foresat toitain, in quarters, for the three previons harvest years, anding 1st Angnnt, with

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