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John XX.


600 Jesus appears to Mary, who at first does not know him. Sect. 194. where the Master of the Sepulchre saw fit fo ho- tell me where thou hast laia n ourably to lay him but a few Hours ago (6), I him, and I will take him

earnestly beg thou wouldst immediately tell me a
where thou hast put him, and I will remove him,
and take effećtual Care that his Corpse shall be
decently interred elsewhere, without giving any

farther Trouble here.
16 Yefus on this said to her, with a loud and din 16 Jesus faith unto her,
ftinet Voice, in his usual affectionate Way, Mary, and faith unto him. Rabboni.

Mary. She turned herself, dost thou not know me? [And] Mary thereupon which is to fay, Mafter. turning directly towards him, and eagerly fixing her Eyes upon him, immediately discovered who it was ; and transported with a Mixture of unutterable Passions, she said to him, Rabboni, that is to say, [My great Master, and Teacher ! and The could say no more ; but immediately prostrated herself at his Feet to embrace then.

But Jefus said to her, Touch or embrace me not 17 Jesus faith unto her, any longer now, either to pay thine Homage to Touch me not: for I am me, or to confirm

not yet ascended to my Fa. thy Faith ; both which thou ther': but go to my Brewilt have other Opportunities of doing: For I am

thren, not yet withdrawn from your World, and ascended to the Heavenly Court of my Father, as you may perhaps imagine I should presently do 0); but I shall yet for a little while longer continue upon Earth : Go therefore to my dear Brethren,



to intimate, there was nothing very splendid in his Dress: Accordingly when he appeared to the Two Disciples in their Way to Emmaus, they seem to have taken him for a Person of a Rank not much superior to their own.

(0) Sir, if thou hast borne him hence.] It is observable, that she accosts this Stranger in respectful Language, even when she took him for a Servant ; (for xntypos cannot, I think, fignify the owner of the Garden ;) prudently reflecting, that an Error on that Hand, would be more excusable, than on the other, supposing he should have proved one of superior Rank in a plain Dress : And also that she does not name Yesus, but speaks in indefinite Terms, if thou hast borne him hence ; intimating, that he was the one Person, of whom her own Thoughts and Heart were so full, that the took it for granted, every one must know wbo The meant. Such Language in such a Circumstance was perfectly natural. If there was any Hedge or Arbour near the Sepulchre, so that while she spake to Christ, she was not vi. fible to her Companions ; or if this Avenue was such, that while they came up to it, tbe Sepulchre was between her and them; or if they were now waiting at some Distance, or coming up with a slower Pace, being charged with the Weight of the Materials for embalaing ; (any one of which might very poffibly be the Case,) a Difficulty which may offer itself to the sagacious Reader, in the Disposition of the followeng Section, when compared with this, will disappear at once.

(D) Touch me not, for I am not get afcended &c.] Dr. Whitby, (in his Note on this Place,) Mr. Fleming, (Chriftol. Vol. iji. pag. 502.) Mr. Cradock, and others, interpret these Words, as I have done in the Paraphrase, and it is strange that Mr. W bijior should

He discovers himself, and sends her to tell be is risen. 601 thren, and say unto them, and say unto them, I am risen from the Dead, Sect. 194. l'ascend unto my Father and and 'am quickly indeed to afcend into Heaven, your Father, and to my


John XX. God and to your Göd. from whence I came; yet grieve not at that Sepa-19

ration, but remember, that as I am going to him
who is in a very peculiar Sense my Father, fo I
am also going to your Friend and your Father,
and (to) my GOD, and your GOD; for such he
is now become, thro' that Covenant which he has
established' with you in me (9): On the whole
therefore, you have infinitely greater Reason to re-
joice, than to mourn.

And upon saying this, he immediately disap-
peared for the present; and the other Women,
advancing to the Sepulchre, where the Angels
continued, received the News of his Resurrec-
tion from them, and in conjunction with Mary
Magdalene reported it to the Disciples, with a
Variety of additional Circumstances, which will.
be mentioned in the following Section.

LTOW fit is it, that we should fing unto the Lord a new Song ; and

I with what thankful Hearts should we join, on his own Day,
and on every Day, to congratulate the Triumph of his rising from the
Dead, and to rejoice in this Birth-Day of our Hopes ! Now is the Juf-


all converndix to his Sermometahe furely wou The Interpretar

think this Text inexplicable, unless we suppose « that Christ was immediately to ascend to his Father, before he could at all converse with any of them, or receive the Expressions of " their Homage to him.” (See the Appendix to his Sermons at Boyle's Lect. pag. 298,—300.) If there had been any Necessity for his ascending immediately, be surely would not first have appeared to her, and then to the other Women on their Way to the City. The Interpretation I have given suits the Words as well, and other Scriptures much better. She probably thought, that if he was risen, he was also returned back to his Heavenly Father, to take up his stated Abode with him again; as he quickly after did : To assure her therefore of the contrary, was exceeding proper, and the best Reason that could be given, to persuade her to wave any farther Discourse now, with which to be sure she must otherwise have been earnestly desirous to detain her dear Lord. To suppose with Meffis. L'enfant and Beaufobre, that she meant this Adoration, as Homage to a Temporal Prince, and that our Lord's Answer was chiefly intended, as a Declaration that he must afcend 10 his Father, bem fore he received his Kingdom, appears to me very unnatural.

(9) Go to my Brethren, &c.] By calling the Disciples his Brethren, and God their Father and their GOD, he intimates in the strongest Manner the full Forgiveness of their. Fault, even without ever mentioning it; just as the Father of the Prodigal (Luke xv. 22, & feq.) intimated his Forgiveness, by calling for the best Robe, &c. without any direct Reply to what his penitent Child had said of his Unworthiness to be called his Son. These . exquisite Touches, which every where abound in the Evangelical Writings, give inexpressible Delight to a well turned Heart, and shew how perfectly Chrift knew.our Frame. VOL. II.


quicken cur


Refle&tions on the Resurrection of CHRIST. Sect. 104. tice of GOD amply satisfied, or the Prisoner had never been released,

Now is the Reproach of the Cross ceased, and turned into proportionable Mat. xxviii. Glory. That Reproach was rolled away at once by the descending Angel, 1,-4.

who appeared, not to awaken Christ from his Sleep, or to bring him a New Life, for he had himself a Power when ever he pleased, to resume that which he had voluntarily resigned: (John X. 18.) But he came to add a solemn Pomp to his Revival, and to strike the Guards with such a Terror, as would effectually prevent any mad Attempt on this glorious Conqueror, when he was bursting the Bonds, in which he had for a while been held.

Oh Lord, we acknowledge the Truth of thy Promise: Thou didst not leave his Soul in Hell, neither didst thou suffer the Flesh of thine How One to fee Corruption. (Psal. xvi. io.) Now is Christ indeed risen from the Dead, and become the First Fruits of them that slept : (1 Cor. xv. 20.) May we in Conformity to his Holy Example be dead to Sin, and to the World; that like as Christ was raised up from the Dead by the Glory of the Father, even so we also may walk in Newness of Life! (Rom. vi. 4.) Then will be that raised up Christ from the Dead, e'er long quicken cur mortal Bodies by bis Spirit that dwelleth in us. (Rom. viii. 11.)

Let the Faith of what has been done with Regard to our glorified

Head, and shall at length be accomplished with Respect to all his MemJohn xx. 13. bers, daily gladden our Hearts. When our Eyes are weeping, and our

Souls finking within us, let us raise our Thoughts to Yepus, our rifen, Ver. 17.

and now ascended Redeemer ; who says to all bis Brethren these gracious Words, which may justly fill us with Transports of Astonishment, with

Joy unspeakable and full of Glory, I afcend to my Father and your Fatber, 'to my GOD and your GOD."

The GOD and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ is now, thro' the Death and Resurrection of his dear Son, (whom by raising him from the Dead he has so solemnly owned under that Relation,) become our Father, and our GOD. As such let us honour him, love him, and rejoice in him: And when we must leave this World, which Cbrift bas long since left, let it delight our Souls to think, that we shall likewise ascend after him, and dwell with him in this propitious Divine Presence. In the mean Time, if we are rifen with Chrif, let us seek those Things which are above, where Christ now ftteth at the Right Hand of GOD;

lli. 1.) and let us be willing, in whatever Sense GOD shall appoint, to be made conformable to his Death, that we may also be Par. takers of his Resurrection and Glory. (Phil. iii. 10, 11,)

(Col. iii. 1.) an


The other Women come to the Sepulchre at Sun-rising.

CHRIST having appeared to Mary, the other Women come

to the Sepulchre, and are informed of his Resurection by
the Angels. He appears to the Women, as they return to
the City; but neither their Testimony, nor that of Mary, is
received by the Disciples. Mat. XXVIII. 5,-- 10.
Mark XVI. -2. 5- . Luke XXIV. 3,- 1.
John XX. 18.

MARK. XVI. 9. NOW when Jesus was W E have just now seen in the preceding Sec-Sect 195. N risen early, the First W tion, that when [Yesus] was risen from the Day of the Week, he appeared firft to Mary Magda. Dead, very early on the First Day of the Week, Mark XVI. fene, out of whom he had (which Day was afterwards observed by his Fol- 9. caft Seven Devils.. lowers in Commemoration of this important Fact,)

be made his first Appearance to Mary Magdalene,
out of whom (as was formerly said,) be had some
Time before ejected no less than Seven Dæmons,
who by an awful Providence were permitted to
join together in afflicting her. (Compare Luke
viii. 2. Vol. i. pag. 370.)

And it is now Time to return to (the other Wo- _ other Women) came unto the men] her Companions, from whom she had parted Sepulchre at the rising of the

when she went to the Disciples, (pag. 596.) who just Sun.

in the Moment that she was engaged in this Inter-
view with Christ, came up to the Sepulchre : And it

was now about the Time of the Rising of the Sun (a). Luke. XXIV. 3. And And having found the Passage open, and observed Luk. XXIV. they entred (into the Sepul- at a Distance that Peter and John had done the 3. chre,] and found not the Budú of the Lord Jefus like, they entered into the Sepulchre themselves : but [MARK XVI. 5.-] to their great Surprize, they found not the Body of

the Lord Jesus.

in Sight of the compare Foon, and they asup

(a) About the Rising of the Sun.] They set out while it was yet Dark, and came within Sight of the Sepulchre for the first Time, just as it grew Light enough to discern that it was opened ; (compare Mat. xxviii. 1. and John xx. I. pag. 593.) but by that Time Mary had called Peter and John, and they had viewed the Sepulchre, which might all pass in much less than an Hour, the Sun was up. These Circumstances well agree with each other, and are Presumptions in favour of the Order which we have laid down.

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(b) Stepping

The der which w

604 . Two Angels appear, and tell them Jesus is rifen; Sect. 195. And it came to pass, that as they were in great , 4 And it came to pafs, as Perplexity on this Account, and knew not what they were much perplexed

thereabout, behold Luk,

(they V. to think was become of the bebold, to their faw] Two Men (who stood

inexpressible Astonishment, they saw the Two An- by them in fining Gargels, whom Mary had seen but a little before. (who ments; [one of them a Young

Man, who had been sitting on had disappeared upon their coming to the Sepul- the Right Side, clothed in chre, but now rendered themselves visible at once,) a long white Garment) in the form of Men, arrayed in splendid Habits, [MARK XVI.-5.-) [who came and stood by them, the Women being unable to discover how they came in: And fone of them) appeared like a Young Man, with a beautiful and chearful Aspect, clothed in a long white Robe, glittering with Lustre like the purest Snow: And this was the Angel, [wbo] appeared at first to the Guards, and [had] since [been seen by Mary, htting on the Right Side of the Entrance into the Sepulchre. And they were greatly terrified at this 5— And [they were afextraordinary and surprizing Sight; and stepping fright

frighted,] and bowed dowa

their Faces to the Earth. back to the very Door (b), they bowed their Faces (MARK XVI_ to the Ground, and fixed their Eyes upon it, in To

ken of the profoundest Respect (c). Matth. And the Angel in a most mild and condescending Mat. XXVIII. 5. And XXVIII. 5. Manner answered and said unto the Women, Do not

the Angel answered and said be terrified at what you see; for we appear to com- affrighted :) for I know that

unto the Women, (Be not fort rather than afflict you, and have the best Ti- ye seek Jesus [of Nazareth,] dings to bring you that ever you heard : I know which was crucified: (LUK. that in the Strength of your Affection you are mong the Dead

Why seek ye the Living a

MARE come to seek that Holy and Excellent Person, XVI. 6.- LUKĖ XXIV, Jefus of Nazareth, who was crucified the other –5.] Day, and buried here : But why seek ye the Living among the Dead ? and why are you come hither with Materials for embalming one, who is

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(6) Stepping back to the very Door.] This it was natural for them to do; and from the Angel's afterwards inviting them to come in, and view the Sepulchre, we may infer that they were now precisely in this Attitude.

(c) They bowed their Faces to the Ground, and fixed their Eyes upon it, &c.] The Words κλινοσων το προσωπον εις την γην, do not intimate their pro/trating themselves before the Angel, but a respectful and reverential declining of their Heads, and looking downward, that they might not appear to gaze ; which is well known to have been forbidden to the Jews, when God appeared to them : (See Exod. xix. 21. and compare Judg. xiii. 20.) And it was also considered as dangerous by the Heathen, when their Deities, or any Celestial Messengers from them, were supposed to make themselves visible; as Elsner has finely Thewn in bis learned and entertaining Note here. Elsn. Observ. Vol. i. pag. 284.

(d) Re

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