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half of his father's kingdom under the name of tetrarch. He reigned nine years ; but being accused and arraigned before the Emperor Augustus, he was banished to Vienna, where he died. This is the Archelaus mentioned in verse 22. His brother Philip married Salome, the famous dancer, the daughter of Herodius. He died without children, and she was afterwards married to Aristobulous.
The fifth wife of Herod the great, was Cleopatra, of Jerusalem. She was the mother of Herod, surnamed Antipas, who married Herodius, the wife of his brother Philip, while he was still living. Being reproved for this act by John the Baptist, he caused him to be imprisoned, and afterwards, to be beheaded, agreeably to. the promise he had rashly made to the daughter of his wife Herodius, who had pleased him with her dancing. He attempted to seize the person of Jesus Christ, and to put him to death. It was to this Prince that Pilate sent our Lord.—Luke xiii. 31, 32. He was banished to Lyons, and then to Spain, where both he and his wife Herodius died.
The sixth wife of Herod the great was Palas, by whom he bad Phasaelus. His history is in no way connected with the New Testament.
The seventh was named Phaedra, the mother of Roxana, who married the son of Pheroras.
The eighth- was Elpida, mother of Salome, who married another son of Pheroras. With the names of two other wives of Herod; we are not acquainted, but they are not connected with our history any more than are Pales, Phaedra and Elpida, whose names I merely notice, to avoid the accusation of historical inaccuracy with reference to the Herod family.
Aristobulous, the son of Herod the great, by Mariamne, a descendant of the Asmoncans, left two sous and a daughter, viz. Agrippa, Herod, and Herodius, so famous for her incestuous marriage with Antipas, in the life time of his brother Philip.
Agrippa, otherwise named Herod, who was imprisoned by Tiberius for something he had said agah;st him, was released from prison by Caligula, who made him king of Judea. It was this Prince who put St James to death, and imprisoned Peter, as mentioned in xii. of Acts. He died at Cesarea, in the way mentioned, in the Acts, as well as by Josephus. He left a son named Agrippa, who is mentioned below.
Herod, the second son of Aristobulous, was lung of Chalcis, and after the death of his brother, obtained permission of the emperor to keep the ornaments belonging to the high priest, and to nominate whom he pleased to that oflice. He had a son named Aristobulous, to whom Nero gave Armenia the lesser, and who married Salome, the famous dancer, daughter to Herodius. /
Agrippa, son of Herod Agrippa, king of Judea, and grandson to Aristobulous and Mariamne; he was at first king of Chalcis, and afterward tetrarch of Galilee, in the room of his uncle Philip. It was before him, his sister Berenice, and Felix, who had married Drusilla, Agrippa's second daughter, that St. Paul pleaded his cause, as mentioned Acts xxvi.
Herodius, the daughter of Mariamne and Aristobulous, is the person of whom we have already spoken, who married successively the two brothers, Philip and Antipas, her uncles, and who occasioned the death of John the Baptist. By her first husband, she had Salome, the dancer, who was married to Philip, tetrarch of the Trachonitis, and son of Herod the great. Salome having had no children by him, she was married to. Aristobulous, her cousin-german, son of Herod, king of Chalcis, and brother to Agrippa and Herodius: she had by this husband several children.
This is nearly all that is necessary to be known relative to the race of the Herods, in order to distinguish the particular persons of this family mentioned in the New Testament. See Dr. Clark.
But to return. The last sign which 1 shall notice of the coming of the Messiah, is, that while some shepherds were guarding their Hocks, in the country not far from Bethlehem, there appeared, in the night season, just in the heaven above them, a company of celestial beings; their glory, it is probable, was as if a sun had suddenly burst upon the gloom of night and shot his bright light all around them. But the glorious sight was not sooner seen, than music, suc'.i as earth cannot afford, swelled its loud and thrilling sounds upon the charmed skies, but mixed with the overwhelming song, was distinctly heard the gladdening news, that in the city of David, Chris: the Lord was born, and laid in the manger of a stable. But to their song, around the dreadful throne of God in Heaven, was heard the deep unutterable response of " Glory to God in the highest, peace on earth, good will to
men." This song the angels sung, then vanished from their sight; but the shepherd's hastened to see if the thing was true, and found him lying in the predicted manger, wrapped in swadling bands, A. M. 4000.
At thU time there was a universal peace; for we have the fact of history, that Caesar Augustus, the Roman Emperor, had shut the temple of Janus, as a token that then there was a universal peace.
Earth and her powers stood still, and kings with awful eye,
Having now passed through some of the signs which went before the flood, and before the advent of Christ, I shall, therefore, next attempt to show the signs of our own times, which indicate the Millennium not very remote ; but must be preceded by an effect of the power of the great God, such as man has not witnessed since the world began.
Roll onward earth, and sparkle in thine orb,
It is hoped that the reader is now, in a measure, prepared to view the subject in a more propitious light, having seen that .God does afford signs and forerunners that men should be admonished of the things which he intends to accomplish on the earth. Which signs we now shall bring forward, as being more intimately connected with the present age, and past ages of the Christian Church.
The great success which has marked the progress of the gospel, from its author to the present day, is a sign which may be seen of all people; though its way has been opposed by kings and emperors, and the great ones of the earth; though the depravity of the whole race of men, has lifted up a standard against it, yet has it through seas of blood, oceans of flame, forests