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about her with earnest entreaties, that they too might be taught and employed. In consequence of this, Mrs. Fry and the young lady who assisted her, projected a school for the women also, at which they might be taught to read and be furnished with work. This proposition was apparently so romantic, that it was with the greatest difficulty they succeeded; at length however the thing was done, and twelve ladies joined with them, devoted themselves to the prison, one being constantly there to direct and oversee the women, actually living with them, and the others being constant visitors. Strict rules were established, by which the prisoners were bound to give up all their darling vices: drinking, gaming, card-playing, and novel reading, were absolutely forbidden; and to these rules, many of them voluntarily promised obedience. At the close of a month, the prison was visited by the mayor, sheriffs, and aldermen, who were perfectly amazed at the change they witnessed. Riot, licentiousness, and filth, they found exchanged for sobriety, order, and comparative neatness, in the chamber, the apparel, and the persons of the prisoners. This hell upon earth, as it had been called, exhibited the appearance of an industrious manufactory, or a well regulated family. The magistrates, to declare their satisfaction, immediately adopted the whole plan as part of the system of Newgate, and loaded the ladies with thanks and benedictions. The change indeed was universal. In proof of which it is added, they who were marched off for transportation, instead of going away as usual, drunken, riotous, and breaking the windows and furniture, took a serious and tender leave of their companions, and expressed the utmost gratitude to their benefactors, from whom they parted with tears. Stealing also has been suppressed; and while upwards of 20,000 articles of dress have been manufactured, not one has been lost or purloined.

It would be difficult to find an enterprize more worthy of admiration than this. Our limits would not permit a more minute detail. We hope, that in our attempt to abridge, we have not made the account the less interesting.

Virginia University.-A University has been established by the state of Virginia, upon a plan drafted, it is understood, by Mr. Jefferson. There are to be ten professors, for the purposes of instruction in the various branches of literature and science; but no provision is made for the teaching of theology. The reason given is, that the constitution forbids the giving any ascendency or preference to any one sect above another; and, as a professor of divinity must be of some one sect, it would be unconstitutional to appoint one. This is the ground

upon which they excuse themselves from appointing chaplains in their legislature. After assigning this reason, the commissioners say, "a proof of the being of a GoD, the creator, preserver, and supreme ruler of the universe, the Author of all the relations of morality, and of the laws and obligations these infer, will be within the province of the professor of ethics; to which adding the developments of these moral obligations, of those in which all sects agree, with a knowledge of the languages, Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, a basis will be formed common to all sects. Providing thus far without offence to the constitution, we have thought it proper at this point to leave every sect to provide, as they think fittest, the means of further instruction in their own peculiar tenets." It would seem, however, that even the first principles of religion would be but scantily taught in this way, since the professor of Ethics is to be professor also of ideology, general grammar, rhetoric, belles letters, and the fine arts.

Declaration of the Allied Sovereigns, on the breaking up of the Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle.-Now that the pacification of Europe is accomplished, by the resolution of withdrawing the foreign troops from the French territory; and now that there is an end of those measures of precaution which deplorable events had rendered necessary, the Ministers and Plenipotentiaries of their Majesties the Emperor of Austria, the King of France, the King of Great Britain, the King of Prussia, and the Emperor of all the Russias, have received orders from their Sovereigns to make known to all the Courts of Europe, the results of their meeting at Aix-la-Chapelle, and with that view do publish the following Declaration :

The Convention of the 9th of October, which definitively regulated the execution of the engagements agreed to in the Treaty of Peace, of November 20, 1815, is considered by the Sovereigns who concurred therein, as the accomplishment of the work of peace, and of the completion of the political system destined to insure its solidity.

The intimate union established among the monarchs, who are joint parties to this system, by their own principles, no less than by the interests of their people, offers to Europe the most sacred pledge of its future tranquility.

The object of this union is as simple as it is great and salutary. It does not tend to any new political combination-to any change in the relations sanctioned by existing treaties. Calm and consistent in its proceedings, it has no other object than the maintenance of peace, and the security of those transactions on which the peace was founded and consolidated.

The Sovereigns, in forming this august union, have regarded as its fundamental basis, their invariable resolution, never to depart, either among themselves or in their relations with other States, from the strictest observation of the principles of the right of nations; principles which, in their application to a state of permanent peace, can alone effectually guarantee the independence of each government and the stability of the general association.

Faithful to these principles, the Sovereigns will maintain them equally in those meetings at which they may be personally present, or in those which shall take place among their ministers; whether it shall be their object to discuss in common their own interests, or whether they take cognizance of questions in which other governments shall formally claim their interference. The same spirit which will direct their councils, and reign in their diplomatic communications, shall preside also at these meetings; and the repose of the world shall be constantly their motive and their end.

It is with such sentiments that the Sovereigns have consummated the work to which they were called. They will not cease to labour for its confirmation and perfection. They solemnly acknowledge, that their duties towards God and the people whom they govern, make it peremptory on them to give to the world, as far as in their power, an example of justice, of concord, of moderation: happy in the power of consecrating, from henceforth, all their efforts to the protection of the arts of peace, to the increase of the internal prosperity of their States, and to the awakening of those sentiments of religion and morality, whose empire has been but too much enfeebled by the misfortune of the times.





Aix-la-Chapelle, Nov. 15, 1818.

The important question respecting Dartmouth College, has been decided in the Supreme Court of the United States, in favour of the old trustees, and unfavourably to the University.

The New Brick Church in Charlestown, lately erected by the Second Congregational Society in that place, was dedicated to the worship of Almighty God, on the 10th day of February.

The Calcutta papers mention the establishment, under flattering auspices, of a College at Serampore, for the instruction of Asiatic Christians and other youth in Oriental and European literature.




A volume of Sermons, by Dr. Chalmers, of Glasgow.
A volume of Sermons, by Rev. R. C. Maturin.

Introduction to the study and knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, by Thomas Hartwell Horne, A. M. 3 vols. 8vo. Illustrated by maps and fac similes of Biblical manuscripts.

The Principles of Christian Evidence illustrated, by an examination of arguments subversive of Natural Theology and the Internal Evidence of Christianity, advanced by Dr. T. Chalmers, in his "Evidence and Authority of the Christian Revelation." By Duncan Mearns, D. D. Professor of Theology, Aberdeen.

Improved edition of Schmidius' Concordance to the Greek New Testament. From the Glasgow University press, 2 vols.


Memoirs of the Life of John Wesley, by Robert Southey, 2 vols.

Mrs. H. More's "Coelebs," has been translated into French and German.

A weekly Journal has commenced printing in Sierra Leone.


The publication of President Dwight's Theology is completed, in 5 vols. 8vo. New Haven.

Sermons on Practical Subjects, by William Barlass. New York.

A Textuary, or Guide to Preachers in the selection of texts. Upon an entirely new plan. By T. M. Harris, D. D. Cambridge.

Essays on the distinguishing traits of Christian Character. By Gardiner Spring, A. M. Pastor of the Brick Presbyterian Church in the city of New York. Boston, 2d edition.

Family Lectures. By Mrs. N. Sproat. Boston.

Hints towards an Essay on the Pursuit of Happiness, by Benjamin L. Oliver, Jr. Cambridge.

A Discourse delivered before the New Jerusalem Church in Boston, on Christmas Day, 1818. Cambridge.

The unexpected length of some articles in the present number, has rendered it necessary, in order to retain the Intelligence, to exceed the prescribed number of pages. This excess will occasion a corresponding deficiency in some future number.



No. 70.


For March and April, 1819.


Ir is of vast importance to the right conduct of life and to the security of our immortal interests, that we form just conceptions of the nature of religion, and particularly of the grounds of acceptance with God. This is not to be numbered among the speculative themes, on which men may safely differ. It enters essentially into practice, and an error respecting it may be fatal. Yet, important as it is, perhaps there is none, on which there is a greater tendency to self-deceit, or a more active.propensity to substitute something of our own for the unerring word of God. Notwithstanding the explicit declarations of scripture, which they admit indeed to be the truth, it is extremely difficult to persuade men, that "without holiness no man shall see the Lord;" that sin in all its nature and influence is odious in the sight of Heaven, and unrepented and unforsaken will inevitably be punished. No less difficult is it to impress men with the conviction of the indispensable and indissoluble connexion of religion with morality; that it is not a profession, not a transport, or a prayer, but the prevailing habit of the soul, proved by the fruits of virtue; by a pure, humble, and useful life: that piety especially does not consist in crying "Lord, save us, or we perish"-going to God, in the time of danger, when we have no other refuge; but repairing to him daily, in our safety and amidst our blessings, so that when danger presses, or sorrow, or death invades, devotion may not be a novelty,

New Series-vol, I.


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