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God giveth him : for it is his por

than the fool? what hath the poor, tion.

that knoweth to walk before the 19 Every man also to whom God living? hath given riches and wealth, and 9 Better is the sight of the eyes hath given him power to eat thereof, than the wandering of the desire: and to take his portion, and to re- this is also vanity and vexation of joice in his labour; this is the gift spirit. of God.

10 That which hath been is nam20 For he shall not much remem- ed already, and it is known that it is ber the days of his life; because man: neither may he contend with God answereth him in the joy of his him that is mightier than he. heart.

11 Seeing there be many things

that increase vanity, what is man the C H A P. VI.


12 For who knoweth what is good There is an evil which I have for man in this life, all the days of seen under the sun, and it is com- his vain life which he spendeth as a mon among men :

shadow ? for who can tell a man 2 A man to whom God hath what shall be after him under the given riches, wealth, and honour, so that he wanteth nothing for his soul of all that he desireth, yet God

CHAP. VII. giveth hiin not power to eat thereof, but a stranger eateth it: this is va- A Good name is better than precinity, and it is an evil disease.

ous ointment; and the day of death 3 If a man beget an hundred chil- than the day of one's birth. dren, and live many years, so that 2 It is better to go to the house the days of his years be many, and of mourning, than to go to the house his soul be not filled with good, and of feasting: for that is the end of all also that he have no burial; I say, men; and the living will lay it to that an untimely birth is better than his heart. he.

3 Sorrow is better than laughter: 4 For he cometh in with vanity, for by the sadness of the counteand departeth in darkness, and his nance the heart is made better. name shall be covered with dark- 4 The heart of the wise is in the ness.

house of mourning; but the heart of 5 Moreover he hath not seen the fools is in the house of mirth. sun, nor known any thing: this hath 5 It is better to hear the rebuke more rest than the other.

of the wise, than for a man to hear 6 Yea, though he live a thou

the song of fools. sand years twice told, yet hath he 6 For as the crackling of thorns seen no good: do not all go to under a pot, so is the laughter of one place?

the fool: this also is vanity. 7 All the labour of man is for his 7 Surely oppression maketh a mouth, and yet the appetite is not wise man mad; and a gift destroyfilled.

eth the heart. 8 For what hath the wise more 8 Better is the end of a thing

than the beginning thereof: and the patient in spirit is better than the proud in spirit.

9 Be not hasty in thy spirit to be angry: for anger resteth in the bosom of fools.

10 Say not thou, What is the cause that the former days were better than these? for thou dost not enquire wisely concerning this.

11 Wisdom is good with an inheritance: and by it there is profit to them that see the sun.

12 For wisdom is a defence, and money is a defence: but the excellency of knowledge is, that wisdom giveth life to them that have it.

13 Consider the work of God : for who can make that straight, which he hath made crooked?

14 In the day of prosperity be joyful, but in the day of adversity consider: God also hath set the one over against the other, to the end that man should find nothing after him.

15 All things have I seen in the days of my vanity: there is a just man that perisheth in his righteousness, and there is a wicked man that prolongeth his life in his wickedness.

16 Be not righteous overmuch; neither make thyself overwise: why shouldest thou destroy thyself?

17 Be not overmuch wicked, neither be thou foolish : why shouldest thou die before thy time?

18 It is good that thou shouldest take hold of this ; yea, also from this withdraw not thine hand: for he that feareth God shall come forth of them all. 19 Wisdom strengt

strengtheneth the wise more than ten mighty men which are in the city.

20 For there is not a just man

upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.

21 Also take no heed unto all words that are spoken ; lest thou hear thy servant curse thee:

22 For oftentimes also thine own heart knoweth that thou thyself likewise hast cursed others.

23 All this have I proved by wisdom: I said, I will be wise; but it was far from me.

24 That which is far off, and exceeding deep, who can find it out?

25 I applied mine heart to know, and to search, and to seek out wisdom, and the reason of things, and to know the wickedness of folly, even of foolishness and madness :

26 And I find more bitter than death the woman, whose heart is snares and nets, and her hands as bands : whoso pleaseth God shall escape from her; but the sinner shall be taken by her.

27 Behold, this have I found, saith the Preacher, counting one by one, to find out the account:

28 Which yet my soul seeketh, but I find not: one man among a thousand have I found; but a woman among all those have I not found.

29 Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions.


WHO is as the wise man? and who knoweth the interpretation of a thing? a man's wisdom maketh his face to shine, and the boldness of his face shall be changed.

2 I counsel thee to keep the king's commandment, and that in regard of the oath of God.



3 Be not hasty to go out of his done upon the earth; that there be sight: stand not in an evil thing; just men, unto whom it happeneth for he doeth whatsoever pleaseth according to the work of the wick

ed; again, there be wicked men, to 4 Where the word of a king is, whom it happeneth according to the there is power : and who may say work of the righteous : I said that unto him, What doest thou?

this also is vanity. 5 Whoso keepeth the command- 15 Then I commended mirth, bement shall feel no evil thing: and cause a man hath no better thing a wise man's heart discerneth both under the sun, than to eat, and to time and judgment.

drink, and to be merry: for that 6 Because to every purpose there shall abide with him of his labour is time and judgment, therefore the the days of his life, which God givmisery of man is great upon him. eth bim under the sun.

7 For he knoweth not that which 16 When I applied mine heart to shall be: for who can tell him when know wisdom, and to see the busiit shall be ?

ness that is done upon the earth : 8 There is no man that hath

(for also there is that neither day nor over the spirit to retain the spirit; night seeth sleep with his eyes :) neither hath he power in the day of 17 Then I beheld all the work of death : and there is no discharge in God, that a man cannot find out the that war; neither shall wickedness work that is done under the sun : deliver those that are given to it. because though a man labour to

9 All this have I seen, and appli- seek it out, yet he shall not find it; ed my heart unto every work that is yea farther; though a wise man done under the sun : there is a time think to know it, yet shall he not wherein one man ruleth over another be able to find it. to his own hurt. 10 And so I saw the wicked bu

CHAP. IX. ried, who had come and


from the place of the holy, and they were

FOR all this I considered in my forgotten in the city where they had heart even to declare all this, that so done: this is also vanity.

the righteous, and the wise, and 11 Because sentence against an their works, are in the hand of God: evil work is not executed speedily, no man knoweth either love or hatherefore the heart of the sons of tred by all that is before them. men is fully set in them to do evil. 2 All things come alike to all :

12 Though a sinner do evil an there is one event to the righteous, hundred times, and his days be pro- and to the wicked; to the good and longed, yet surely I know that it to the clean, and to the unclean ; to shall be well with them that fear him that sacrificeth, and to him that God, which fear before him :

sacrificeth not: as is the good, so is 13 But it shall not be well with the sinner; and he that sweareth, as the wicked, neither shall be prolong he that feareth an oath. his days, which are as a shadow ; be- 3 This is an evil among all things cause he feareth not before God. that are done under the sun, that 14 There is a vanity which is there is one event unto all : yea,


it :


the heart of the sons of men is full of men shared in an evil time, of evil, and madness is in their when it falleth suddenly upon heart while they live, and after that them. they go to the dead.

13 This wisdom have I seen also 4 For to him that is joined to all under the sun, and it seemed great the living there is hope : for a living unto me: dog is better than a dead lion.

14 There was a little city, and few 5 For the living know that they men within it; and there came a shall die: but the dead know not great king against it, and besieged any thing, neither have they any it, and built great bulwarks against more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten.

15 Now there was found in it a 6 Also their love, and their hatred, poor wise man, and he by his wisand their envy, is now perished; nei- dom delivered the city; yet no ther have they any more a portion man remembered that same poor for ever in any thing that is done under the sun.

16 Then said I, Wisdom is better 7 Go thy way, eat thy bread with than strength : nevertheless the

poor joy, and drink thy wine with a mer- man's wisdom is despised, and his ry heart; for God now accepteth words are not heard. thy works.

17 The words of wise men are 8 Let thy garments be always heard in quiet more than the cry white; and let thy head lack no of him that ruleth among fools. ointment.

18 Wisdom is better than wea9 Live joyfully with the wife pons of war : but one sinner dewhom thou lovest all the days of stroyeth much good. the life of thy vanity, which he hath given thee under the sun, all the

CHAP. X. days of thy vanity: for that is thy portion in this life, and in thy labour

Dead fies cause the ointment of which thou takest under the sun. the apothecary to send forth a stink

10 Whatsoever thy hand findeth ing savour : so doth a little folly him to do, do it with thy might; for that is in reputation for wisdom and there is no work, nor device, nor honour. knowledge, nor wisdom, in the 2 A wise man's heart is at his grave, whither thou goest.

right hand; but a fool's heart at his 11 I returned, and saw under the left. sun, that the race is not to the swift, 3 Yea also, when he that is a fool nor the battle to the strong, neither walketh by the way, his wisdom yet bread to the wise, nor yet riches faileth him, and he saith to every to men of understanding, nor yet fa- one that he is a fool. vour to men of skill; but time and 4 If the spirit of the ruler rise up chance happeneth to them all. against thee, leave not thy place;

12 For man also knoweth not his for yielding pacifieth great offences. time: as the fishes that are taken in 5 There is an evil which I have an evil net, and as the birds that are seen under the sun, as an error which caught in the snare; so are the sons proceedeth from the ruler :

6 Folly is set in great dignity, 20 Curse not the king, no not in and the rich sit in low place.

thy thought; and curse not the rich 7 I have seen servants upon

in thy bedchamber: for a bird of horses, and princes walking as ser- the air shall carry the voice, and vants upon the earth.

that which hath wings shall tell the 8 He that diggeth a pit shall fall matter. into it; and whoso breaketh an hedge, a serpent shall bite him.

C H AP. XI. 9 Whoso removeth stones shall be hurt therewith; and he that

CAST thy bread upon the waters : cleaveth wood shall be endangered

for thou shalt find it after many days. thereby.

2 Give a portion to seven, and 10 If the iron be blunt, and he also to eight; for thou knowest not do not whet the edge, then must he what evil shall be upon the earth. . put to more strength : but wisdom 3 If the clouds be full of rain, is profitable to direct.

they empty themselves upon the 11 Surely the serpent will bite earth: and if the tree fall toward without enchantment; and a bab- the south, or toward the north, in bler is no better.

the place where the tree falleth, 12 The words of a wise man's there it shall be. mouth are gracious; but the lips of 4 He that observeth the wind a fool will swallow


shall not sow; and he that regard13 The beginning of the words

eth the clouds shall not reap. of his mouth is foolishness: and the 5 As thou knowest not what is end of his talk is mischievous mad- the way of the spirit, nor how the ness.

bones do grow in the womb of her 14 A fool also is full of words : a tbat is with child: even so thou man cannot tell what shall be ; and knowest not the works of God who what shall be after him, who can tell maketh all. him?

6 In the morning sow thy seed, 15 The labour of the foolish wea- and in the evening withhold not rieth every one of them, because he thine hand: for thou knowest not knoweth not how to go to the city. whether shall prosper, either this or

16 Woe to thee, O land, when that, or whether they both shall be thy king is a child, and thy princes

alike good. eat in the morning!

7 Truly the light is sweet, and a 17 Blessed art thou, O land, when pleasant thing it is for the eyes to thy king is the son of nobles, and behold the sun : thy princes eat in due season, for 8 But if a man live many years, strength, and not for drunkenness! and rejoice in them all; yet let him

18 By much slothfulness the remember the days of darkness ; for building decayeth; and through they shall be many. All that cometh idleness of the hands the house

is vanity droppeth through.

9 Rejoice, O young man, in thy 19 A feast is made for laughter, youth; and let thy heart cheer thee and wine maketh merry: but money in the days of thy youth, and walk answereth all things.

in the ways of thine heart, and in

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