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- MA A LAY 24--~~ * * * * * * * * * * a -

[graphic]
[graphic]

THE

HISTORY OF ENGLANI)

from

THE ACCESSION OF JAMES II.

BY

THOMAS BABINGTON MACAULAY.
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VOLUME I.

B 0 S T 0 N :
PHILLIPS. SAMPSON AND COMPANY

spereotyprio Ar oriie Boston TYPE AND STEREOTYPE FOUNDRY.

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INTRoDUCTION, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. Britain under the Romans, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Britain under the Saxons, ............ - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Effect of the Conversion of the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity, .... Danish Invasions; the Normans, ...... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - The Norman Conquest and its Effects,........... • - e. e. e. e. e. e - - - - - Effects of the Separation of England and Normandy,............ Amalgamation of Races, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Conquests of the English on the Continent,.................... Wars of the Roses, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Extinction of Villenage, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - e. Beneficial Operation of the Roman Catholic Religion, ........... The Nature of the ancient English Government often misrepre

sented, and why, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . e - - - e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. e. Description of the limited Monarchies of the Middle Ages, ...... Prerogatives of the ancient English Kings, how limited, ......... The Limitations not always strictly observed, and why,....... e Resistance an ordinary Check on Tyranny in the Middle Ages, .. Peculiar Character of the English Aristocracy, ................. The Government of the Tudors, ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . - - - - - The limited Monarchies of the Middle Ages generally turned into

absolute Monarchies, and why, ... . . . . . • * * * * * * - e. e. e. e. a s e s The English Monarchy a singular Exception, and why,.......... The Reformation and its Effects, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Origin of the Church of England; her peculiar Character, ..... 40

The Relation in which she stood to the Crown, ............... 42

The Puritans; their republican Spirit, ...................... 46

No systematic parliamentary Opposition offered to the Govern-

ment of Elizabeth, and why, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

The Question of the Monopolies, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

Scotland and Ireland become Parts of the same Empire with

England, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

Diminution of the Importance of England after the Accession of

James the First, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .......... 54

The Doctrine of Divine Right, .............................. 55

The Separation between the Church and the Puritans becomes

wider, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

Accession and Character of Charles the First, ................. 64

Tactics of the Opposition in the House of Commons,........... 65

Petition of Right, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...... 66

The Petition of Right violated, ....... • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

Character and Designs of Wentworth, ...... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . . . . 67

Character of Laud, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68

The Star Chamber and High Commission, .................... 69

Ship-money, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

Resistance to the Liturgy in Scotland, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

A Parliament called and dissolved, .......................... 74

The Long Parliament, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 75

The first Appearance of the two great English Parties, ......... 76

The Irish Rebellion, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

The Remonstrance, ...... - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - . . . . 82

The Impeachment of the Five Members, ..................... 84

Departure of Charles from London, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

Commencement of the Civil War, ............ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

Successes of the Royalists; Rise of the Independents, .......... 90

Oliver Cromwell, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91

The Self-denying Ordinance; Victory of the Parliament, ...... 92

I}omination and Character of the Army,... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

IRisings against the Military Government suppressed, .......... 95

The Proceeding against the King, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

IIis Execution, ...... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

Subjugation of Ireland and Scotland, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 101

Expulsion of the Long Parliament, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... 102

The Protectorate of Olivor, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ... ... 104

Oliver succeeded by Richard, - - - - - - • . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108

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