Sivut kuvina
PDF
ePub

DEATHS. present in the attack on Bomarsund. issue an only dau., Lady Harriet in December of that year he was pro Ashley. moted to the rank of Admiral, and in Sept. 30. At Naples, Madame Dupont, virtue of that grade became a Senator. the second dau. of the late Sir Andrew He was Grand Officer of the Legion of Snape Douglas, Kt. Honour.

March 17. At Dover House, aged 55, Nov. 7. Suddenly, while riding to Georgina, Lady Dover, the widow of town, aged 57, Thomas Devas, esq., of the first Lord Dover, and dau. of the Dulwich Common, J.P. for the county

late Earl of Carlisle. An edition of of Surrey.

“White's Natural History of Selborne," March 19. At St. Andrew's-ter., Ply by her ladyship, has recently been pubmouth, aged 78, Rear-Admiral Richard lished by the Christian Knowledge Devonshire. He entered the navy in Society. 1796 as first-class volunteer, and was Oct. 18. In Grafton-st., aged 61, the present at the reduction of the Cape of Right Hon. Lady Downes. Good Hope in 1806, the fall of Monte Feb. 20. At Albury Park, Guildford, Video in 1807, and was first lieutenant aged 73, Henry Drummond, esq. of the Leda (Capt. R. Honeyman) at He was the eldest son of Henry the bombardment of Copenhagen. He Drummond, esq., of the Grange, Hants was also engaged in the Walcheren (the well-known London banker), and Expedition, and at the taking of Genoa Anne, dau. of the first Viscount Melin 1814. His captain's commission ville. He was born in 1786, and was bore date June 28, 1838, since which educated at Harrow, and at Christ period he has been on half-pay. He Church, Oxford, where he, in 1825, accepted retirement with the rank of founded the professorship of Political Rear-Admiral, September 10, 1857. Economy. In 1847 he was elected for

Jan. 26. At Coburg, Mme. Schroeder West Surrey, and he continued to reDevrient, the celebrated German can present it until his death. He was a tatrice. She was born in 1805, and man of great activity of mind, which first appeared on the stage in her 15th he displayed in numerous writings upon year, from which she retired in 1849, religious, political, and general subjects, on occasion of her second marriage, a member of various learned societies, with M. von Boch, a Livonian gentle and a very effective speaker in Parlia.

ment. In 1807 he married Lady HarDec. 30. In Connaught-ter., aged 88, riet Hay, eldest dau. of the ninth Earl Miss Guy Dickens, dau. of the late of Kinnoul, who died in 1854, and he General Guy Dickens.

leaves two daughters. In politics Mr. Sept. 4. At Suez, Brevet-Major J. G. Drummond was essentially a Tory, and C. Disbrowe, of Her Majesty's 43rd he retained to the last the principles he Light Infantry. This gallant officer had early imbibed from Mr. Pitt and had been sixteen years in Her Majesty's Lord Melville. Thus he always voted service, and was present with his regio for the Government on the Budget, ment during the whole of the late though he might oppose them on every. operations in Central India.

thing else, for he held that “they must Sept. 9. Very suddenly, at his resi know best what money was wanted, and dence, Blencogo, Cumberland, aged 67, how it should be raised." George Dixon, esq., J.P.

May 3. At Eaglehurst, Hampshire, Nov. 22. At Bath, suddenly, of apo- aged 65, Major-Gen. Berkeley Drumplexy, aged 74, Robert Ragueneau Dob mond. The deceased had served in the son, esq., formerly Capt. 5th Fusiliers. Scots Fusilier Guards for nearly fifty

May 21. At Southfield-lodge, East years. With that regiment (then called bourne, aged 86, Sir Wm. Domville, the 3rd Guards) he took part in the bart., Lord Mayor of London in 1813-14, campaign of 1814, in Holland, including when the Allied Sovereigns were enter the storming of Bergen-op-Zoom ; the tained at Guildhall.

campaign of 1815; and the battles of Sept. 14. At Paris, aged 61, the Mar Quatre Bras and Waterloo.

He was chioness of Donegal. The late Mar one of the grooms in waiting to Her chioness was eldest dau. of Richard, Majesty. His commissions bore date first Earl of Glengall, and married, in as follows: Ensign, March 5th, 1812; 1822, the Marquens of Donegal (then Lieut. and Capt., July 4th, 1815; Capt. Earl of Belfast), by whom she leaves and Lieut.-Col., Dec. 21st, 1826; Col.

man.

DEATHS. Nov. 23rd, 1841; and Major-Gen., Nov. hanged by Archibald Douglas, who 11th, 1851.

gained from his share in the transaction Aug. 14. At Paris, André Marie the name of “ Archibald Bell-the-Cat." Constant Duméril, a celebrated natu A descendant of this unfortunate statesralist.

man, Sir William Cochrane, of Cowden, May 24. In London, aged 68, Lieut. was a leading man of the Royal party Col. Tbos. Dundas, of Carron Hall and when Charles the First visited his turTorwood. The deceased was the son of bulent subjects of Scotland in 1641, and Major-Gen. Thomas Dundas and Lady by his exertions effected a temporary Helena, dau. of the Earl of Home. He reconciliation. Charles created him a attended the Military College at Mar baron by the style of Lord Cochrane of low, and, during the Peninsular war, Cowden, in the same year; but the served as ensign in the 52nd Light In- patent was not published until 1647, and fantry. He afterwards joined the 1st he is there styled Lord Cochrane of Royal Dragoons as lieutenant, and sub Dundonald. During the civil wars be sequently was appointed captain of the did great services for the King, and was 15th Hussars. He marched into France fined by Cromwell 50001. for his mawith the army of occupation, but almost lignity. At the Restoration, his serimmediately returned home.

In 1815 vices and sufferings were recognised by he married Charlotte Anna, dau. of Charles the Second, by his elevation to Joseph Boultbee, esq., of Springfield the earldom of Dundonald, and the House, Warwick. On the breaking out gift of considerable places and emoluof the war the same year he rejoined ments. second son of this worthy his regiment, and in 1816 retired on joined in Argyll's insurrection against half-pay, with the rank of major, and James the Second, and escaped the conwas subsequently advanced to the rank sequences only by the payment of a fine of lieutenant-colonel.

or bribe of 50001. The deceased AdOctober 30. At Kensington, aged 84, miral was descended from this son. the Right Honourable Thomas Coch. Lord Cochrane, (for by his courtesyrane, Earl of Dundonald, Baron Coch- title, and not by his earldom, his rane of Paisley and Ochiltree, a Baronet name is a household word wherever of Scotland and Nova Scotia, Admiral the English race is spread) was born of the Red, Rear-Admiral of the United on the 14th December, 1775, at AnnaKingdom, G.C.B., Grand Cross of the field, Lanarkshire, the eldest son of Imperial Brazilian Order of the Cruzero, Archibald, ninth Earl of Dundonald, Knight of the Royal Order of the Re- by Anne, second daughter of James deemer of Greece, and of the Order of Gilchrist, a distinguished captain in the Merit of Chili.

navy. The family of Cochrane has held a very The once extensive family estates, distinguished position among the baro which had been greatly impaired by the nial families of Scotland from a very forfeitures, fines, and waste of his preremote period, and had extensive pos- decessors, were reduced almost to sessions in Renfrewshire. At the head nothing by the genius of the ninth of the race in the fifteenth century was earl. He had an unfortunate talent Robert Cochrane, a man who seems to for inventions, which proved in the have devoted himself to elegant pur. end more fatal to his family than all suits to a degree far beyond the ideas of the miscalculated politics of his ancesthat age ; for it is recorded of him, that tors. He was a man of great scientific in 1456, he surrendered his estates to his acquirements, quick observation, and eldest son, in order that he might devote fertile mind, and made or suggested hiinself, without distraction, to the many discoveries which, having since study of architecture.

This accom benefited posterity, served only to plished noble became the favourite and hasten his own ruin. Among other minister of James III., and exercised experiments, the Earl discovered that so much power as to excite the jealousy coal, treated in a particular manner of the rude nobility against himself by heat, gave forth an inflammable (whom they contemptuously styled gas, which, being caused to pass through “the mason chiel ") and his master. à tube, and lighted at one extremity, The result was a conspiracy, in course produced a continuous flame, with great of which, Cochrane falling accidentally illuminating power. He actually apinto the power of his enemies, was plied this discovery to throw a light

name.

DEATHS. over his own works; but he never car ments, restraining for the first time ried his invention to any public utility, the limbs of a raw Scotch boy, already and by this oversight probably lost the shot up into tall stature, were so provoopportunity of restoring the fortunes cative of ridicule, that the shy lad took of the family. As it was, a series of an intense hatred to the army, and anexpensive failures caused the dispersion nounced it so forcibly, that his father of the small remainder of the ancestral retaliated by a sound cuffing. Bat lands; and though the Earl, a handsome the spirit which in after life comand accomplished man, was successful pelled obedience from all that came in three marriages, his son succeeded within its sphere was not likely to to nothing but the title and an ancient succumb to such treatment on such a

subject; the father finally yielded, and Lord Cochrane, the Admiral, was the on the 27th June, 1793, the future eldest of seven children, of whom three hero, being then 17 years old, joined the died young. So fallen were the for- Hind, of 28 guns, at Sheerness, as midtunes of the family, that the young shipman. The Earl of Hopetown, a nobles appear to have owed their early connection of the family, kindly met education almost to accident. The the difficulty of an outfit by advancing mother died early. Their earliest in- 100l. ; his father gave him his gold structor was a volunteer, the minister watch and his blessing, all the patriof the parish in which was Culross mony he ever inberited. The first Abbey, the family seat, who gratefully lieutenant of the Hind, Jack Larmour, sought to repay early benefits by im was a character which would not be parting elementary instruction to the tolerated in these more polished dayschildren of his patron; their maternal one of those men who were promoted grandmother also devoted a portion of a from the forecastle to the quarter-deck very limited income to provide a tutor. to do the rough work. His ordinary Before this precarious instruction had garb was that of a seaman, and his time to produce effects on the young delight to cover his hands, face, and hero's mind, his father, intent on for clothes, with grease and tar, in setwarding a useful invention for covering ting up rigging, caulking the seams, or ships' bottoms with a preparation of tar other practical work. Jack had con--ships of war were at that time “pro- ceived a great prejudice against the tected” by innumerable large-headed young officer; he objected to him somecopper nails, driven into the woodwork what as a new comer; he objected to -took him with him to London. The him much as his captain's nephew; he Earl's invention failed to command objected to him more as a lord; and even a trial. The Admiralty pooh- he objected to him most of all as s poobed it as an innovation; the private youngster six foot high. He had, perbuilders, with more frankness, declined haps, also heard that he had a commisto adopt a plan which would be inju sion in the army, and he objected to rious to their profits—the worm was such an anomaly ; perhaps he thought their friend, not their enemy. The the youth had proved too bad for the visit was, however, productive of great army, and was thought good enough results to young Cochrane. His father for the navy. The unlucky young had fixed upon the ariny for his son's noble's chest, scanty as was his outfit, profession ; the son had fixed upon the drew forth a storm of growls from the navy for himself. The father had ob lieutenant: he had hardly gone below tained for him a commission in the when the key was sent for; the noise army; the lad's uncle - afterwards Ad. of sawing was soon heard, and the inmiral Sir Alexander Cochrane, then a dignant mid bebeld his officer superincaptain in the navy-had already put tending, with evident satisfaction, the his name on the books of the various operation of sawing the offending chest ships he commanded; so that the short off, just beyond the keybole. youngster was, at the same time, an When the box had been reconstructed officer of the army and an officer of the in its diminished form, the lieutenant navy, and of some standing in the returned the key, pointing out to its latter profession. The parent took the owner the absurd arrangement of initiative, and put his son into regi shore-going carpenters, who had pat mentals, after the grotesque taste of the keyhole at the end of a chest inthose times. These wonderful habili stead of in the middle. After this

DEATHS. eccentric exhibition of his prejudice quarter was sadly mismanaged. Beagainst the goods and chattels of his tween Lord St. Vincent and Lord subordinate, the lieutenant looked out Keith the French and Spanish squadrons for an opportunity of inflicting a little were many times suffered to escape, personal punishment. This, however, when a little promptitude and decision was not quite so easy ; some observance would have ensured their destruction. was necessary towards the captain's Nevertheless, great things were done, relative, who was, besides, six foot high, despite the inactivity of the chiefs, by and a lord. It is not unlikely that the their restless subordinates; but it is obnoxious mid was also an attentive singular to find Nelson, in command, and spirited officer. The lieutenant and Cochrane, a junior lieutenant, alike could find no opening for punishment, chafing on the bit that restrained their but he relieved himself by a double impulses to glorious action. Nelson, allowance of swearing. At length the unconsciously, afforded Cochrane a chance came; the young lord was mast- step-he had captured the Genereux, 74, beaded and kept aloft to the utmost and Cochrane was appointed her prizelimit of human endurance. This suf master. His crew was scanty in numficed ; Jack was satisfied, and thereafter ber, and miserable in efficiency; the admitted the midsbipman to his grimy prize's rigging was badly set up and favour.

dangerous. In this precarious state The early years of Lord Cochrane's the prize was caught in a gale of wind, service must be rapidly passed over. the masts and spars were in the utmost The teachings of Jack Larmour had danger, none of the crew could be inmade him excellent in many points of duced to go aloft, and the peril was practice which afterwards stood him imminent. But there were two spirits good stead. His uncle was an able on board to whom danger and difficulty officer, and the war with the French were things made only to be faced and Convention kept the game alive. From overcome. Lord Cochrane's brother the Hind, Captain Cochrane was trans- Archibald had also entered the navy, ferred to a finer frigate, the Thetis, and was serving in the Queen Charlotte ; ordered to the North American station, he had been permitted to accompany and took his nephew with him. In his brother on board the prize. These January, 1795, Admiral Murray gave two ascended the quivering rigging, a the noble midshipman an order as few of the better seamen followed, the acting third-lieutenant of the Thetis. mainsail was furled, and the Genereux It was but eighteen months since brought uninjured into Port Mahon. Jack Larmour had 80 whimsically The fortunate accident which perhaps visited his disgust at the chest of the saved the ship, perhaps also saved the new comer; but such had been the officers' lives. While they were absent, diligence of the youth that there was the Queen Charlotte took fire at Leg. no doubt of his competency to fill the horn, and was totally destroyed; the rank to which his uncle's patronage and captain, four lieutenants, the marine his own title had promoted him. In a officer, surgeon, upwards of twenty short time he was, on the requisition of masters, mates, and petty officers, and the captain, appointed to the Africa, 600 men perished. and his commission was confirmed. Lord Cochrane's gallantry in the GeLieutenant Lord Cochrane soon rejoined nereux was so well appreciated by the his uncle's ship, but was as quickly Admiral, that he recommended him for transferred to the Resolution, the flag, promotion, and in the meanwhile apship of Admiral Vandeput, who had pointed him to Her Majesty's man-ofsucceeded Admiral Murray. After re war the Speedy. This vessel was a bur. maining five years the North lesque on a ship of war, even as ships American station, the Thetis returned of war were at that day. Her name to England. In the summer of 1798, might have been given in derision; she Lord Cochrane was again afloat, serving was the size of a coasting brig; she was under Lord Keith in the Mediterrancan, crowded rather than manned by a crew in the Barfleur, and afterwards in the of eighty-four men and six officers, and Queen Charlotte. According to the her armament consisted of fourteen opinions put forth by the Earl of Dun- 4-pounders—a gun as large, but not so donald, in his Autobiography of a handy, as a blunderbuss. The comSeaman,” the naval campaign in this mander's cabin is an example of this

on

DEATHS. warlike craft's accommodation - there for-6-pounders. The request was acwas no room for even a single chair ceded to; but when the new guns the lockers around served for seats; but were sent on board, the ship's ports as the ceiling was only five feet bigh, a were not large enough to receive them, very peculiar manoeuvre was required they were sent back, and the brig went in order to get seated. A great incon- again to cruise with her pop-guns. The venience was, that when the long cap. Speedy had become a marked object tain wished to shave, the sky-light was with the Spanish authorities; and removed, the looking-glass placed on since all attempts at open capture the deck, and the captain, thrusting his had failed, she was to be trapped. A head through the opening, made the frigate was inade to assume the appeardeck his toilet-table. The slight arma ance of a well-laden merchantman. ment of this man-of-war had, indeed, The Speedy fell into the snare—she its compensation, for when the captain sighted the stranger, gave chase, was strode supereminent upon his deck, he permitted to overtake, and then the was able to ballast himself by carrying ports were raised, and a heavy broad. her whole broadside of shot in his jacket side was seen ready to pour in the shot. pockets !

But the captain of the Speedy was as But Commander Lord Cochrane was quick-witted as daring. His brig had in no humour to be critical; the insig also been disguised in rude imitation of nificant little vessel was his first com a Dane: he instantly hoisted Danish mand, and fame lay before him. If he colours, and the Spaniard forbore to could not grasp her wreaths the fault fire. But she sent a boat to examine. was not to be his. The Speedy and her Cochrane, when he painted his ship a hopeful commander were ordered to the Dane, had also shipped a Danish Mediterranean. The time was critical. quarter-master, and had rigged him in Suwarrow had chased the French from a sort of Danish uniform. The enemy's Italy; only Genoa was held by Massena boat approached; Cochrane ran up that with invincible tenacity; famine alone terror of the Spaniards, the yellow flag; seemed capable of subduing the obsti the Dane came to the side, explained nacy of the garrison. To misery the that the ship was two days from Algiers, French troops and the unhappy citizens where the plague was raging fatally. had been already reduced-it was ne This was enough; the boat sheered off

, cessary to tighten the pressure even and the Speedy made sail. Such auunto starvation. In this duty the dacity and confidence had success inSpeedy, under her fearless commander, spired into the Speedy's crew, that they proved herself as efficient as nobler grumbled at not being allowed to fire vessels under less spirited officers. Lord at the frigate, which is supposed to have Cochrane's first prize ought to be re carried at least thirty guns! But Cochcorded. May 10. At 9 A.M., observed rane was both prudent and humane. a strange sail take possession of a He would not incur fruitless danger, Danish brig under our escort. At and he would not permit a useless shed11. 30 A.M. rescued the brig and cap

ding of blood. After this narrow escape, tured the assailant. This prize-my the Speedy pursued her career of sucfirst piece of luck-was the Intrépide, cess. On looking over her log, it seems French privateer, of six guns and forty impossible, unless the enemy's vessels eight men.” And so he proceeded, now voluntarily threw themselves in her capturing a tartan, now recapturing way, or the ship was ubiquitous, that prizes, cutting out a letter-of-marque, captures could follow in such rapid sucor escaping from a dozen gun-boats. cession. On the 28th of February, 1801, The energy of the commander appeared came the capture of the El Gamo, a to impart a speed and ubiquity to the feat of arms unexampled in war, and little vessel, which seemed instinct with which, had Cochrane done nothing else, animal life, and pursued, turned, or run, would have made his name historical. “ like a horse that knoweth its rider." “On the following morning the The Speedy became a perfect nuisance prizes were sent to Port Mahon; and all along the Spanish coast, and while keeping out of sight for the rest of the at Port Mahon, information was received day, the Speedy returned at midnight that several vessels had been fitted out off' Barcelona, where we found the gunto look after her. Lord Cochrane ap boats on the watch ; but on our applied to have his 4-pounders changed proach they ran in shore, firing at us

[ocr errors]
« EdellinenJatka »