Sivut kuvina

He is neither. He comes to his engage- subject of the second lecture. Regarding ment as well equipped for the conflict as can baptism and the Lord's-supper as symbolical perhaps be desired. But he demolishes so services, and of perpetual obligation in completely some of the old established de- the christian church, the Doctor proceeds to fences of infant baptism, under the full con- refute the objections of the Quakers to these viction that they are worthless and unsafe, ordinances. Here, incidentally, he rejects, that their adherents are filled with alarm for for six valid reasons, the rendering of the their position; and though they may bestow commission given by a distinguished writer in considerable laudation or some parts of his the Congregational Magazine, viz. 'Go forth, performance, they are not able to conceal and make disciples of all nations, purifying their chagrin, that the sweep of their cham- them for the Father,' &c. Having disposed, pion's weapon, comes more fearfully in con- very satisfactorily of the errors of the Friends, tact with themselves than with their oppo- Dr. H. proceeds to the consideration of the nepts. The lectures of Dr. Halley are design of these institutions. The conferring therefore more likely to provoke a reply from of grace in the sacraments, the opus operatum polemics of his own party, than from ours. of the papists; the modifications of this If he had no expectation' of being brought error maintained in the church of England, by the subject of these lectures into collision and the Lutheran churches; and the doctrine wilh the opinions of the Baptist denomina- of the Puritans, Scotch Presbyterians, and tivn;' still less, we presume, did he antici. many foreign protestants of the Calvinistic pate that he should have to wage a conflict churches,' that the sacraments are federal with those of his own. But we apprehend rites, ratifications of the evangelical cove. his fiercest assailants will be from the midst nant, made to those who profess to receive of his own camp.

it, upon the supposition that their faith is We proceed to the brief examination of sincere, and so insuring to them all the bless. this volume, regretting that the lecturer has ings which are promised to believers,' are not completed his argument on baptism, and rejected, as not agreeing with the symbolical also that the price at which the volume is character of religious rites, and as opposed to published, is such as to prevent the major the great doctrine of justification by faith part, both of Baptists and Pædobaptists, without works. from purchasing it. It contains about half the Having in this general manner,

dismatter of Dr. Carson's, and is near double posed of preliminary matter, Doctor Halley the cost.

proceeds more immediately to the busi. It will be seen from the preface, that the ness of the present volume. The order object proposed to be attained by Dr. Halley, in which he takes up his subjects is the is not to demonstrate the absolute rightful. following:-Jewish baptism-John's baptism ness of infant sprinkling, but to set up a -baptismal regeneration-the mode of chris. passable defence for it. 'If I can succeed,' tian baptism- the subjects of christian baphe remarks, 'in convincing our Baptist tism. In the lecture on Jewish proselyte brethren, not that we are rigbt, but that we baptisms, Dr. Halley inclines to the opinion, have a case which honest men may honestly that they existed previous to the time of our maintain without being chargeable with Lord, and infers that the Jews were accus. criminally resisting the truth, so that churches tomed to baptize the infants of proselytes have no authority to prescribe any regulation together with their parents, and therefore, upon the mode or subjects of baptism, my chief that as christian baptism agrees in many object in pursuing this controversy will be particulars with the Jewish, assumes that attained.' But this over careful and modest there is some ground for the presumption that form of taking his ground, so widely differ- christians were accustomed to baptize the ent both in tone and temper, from other re. children of believers. But on inferences so doubtable champions of the cause, will un. remote, and deduced from premises so doubtavoidably be regarded as indicative of some ful, it is scarcely necessary to offer any remisgivings as to the cause itself.

mark. If the premises were sustained by Dr. Halley's first lecture is on the term clear historical evidence, which Dr. Halley sacrament, and the several institutions to does not make apparent, or even firmly bewhich it has been appropriated. This is an lieve, it would still be a matter of grave able, interesting, and instructive lecture, and discussion, whether any Jewish practice with the lengthened notes in the appendix, is could be referred to as authoritatively binding deserving the attention of the student of us in the interpretation of a positive and ecclesiastical antiquity and errors. We wish clearly definable christian institute. Dr. Halley had repudiated the use of the On John's baptism, the main argument of term altogether, in connection with the or. Dr. Halley may be stated in the words of the dinances of christianity. It is heathenish in late Daniel Isaac :-John baptized believers its origin, and is more adapted to be a covort and unbelievers, and "a generation of vito error, than an index of truth. “The per. pers; " and we may do the same.' Dr. H., petuity and design of the sacraments,' is the in support of the indiscriminate administre


tion of John's baptism, relies mainly on the of the cleansing of the heart by the truth and expressions, “There went out to him all the Spirit of Christ.' He then goes on to argue, land of Judea, and they of Jerusalem, and that 'to immerse, unless we think it obliga. were all baptized of him in the river of tory, for the sake of union, would be, as we Jorđan ;' and he therefore seeks to explain conscientiously believe, to concede a princi. away the force of the objection of Joba, ple of more importance than baptism itself.' • When he saw many of the Pharisees and The principle, that, if a man believes Sadducees come to his baptism, he said unto sprinkl with water to be christian bap. them, o generation of vipers, who hath tism,' it is so to him, and ought to be acknowwarned you to flee from the wrath to come ? ledged to be so by others, the Doctor regards Bring forth, therefore, fruits meet for repen. as being the very life of all obedience to tance,' &c. If words have meaning, surely positive institutions,' and as creating the these strong words constituted an objection only interest' he feels 'in the controversy to the baptism of these persons. Why should respecting the mode of baptism. This he John refer to repentance, if there was no illustrates and maintains by a reference to profession of it connected with the reception the fact, that different kinds of bread and of his baptism? And why, in the case of wine may be used at the Lord's-table, and these self-righteous men and sceptics, did he yet the ordinance of the Lord's-supper may require more than ordinary proof of it ? be duly administered. But this principle, That John did baptize many who were not even with Dr. Halley, has its limitations; for sincere penitents, there can be little doubt; he remarks, *I have no hesitation in saying, but that he baptized any who did not con- I do not regard the sacrifice of the mass by fess their sins,' and thus make a profession a Romanist, as the commemoration of the of repentance, is contrary to the express tes. death of Christ, because I do not believe that timony of the evangelical record. We are as any christian man could, with due diligence, distinctly told that they confessed their sins,* honestly arrive at such a conclusion.' But, as we are informed that they were baptized; that there are Romanists who as firmly beand the mode of argumentation adopted by

lieve in the mass as Dr. Halley does in Dr. Halley, in which he insists on the literal sprinkling, cannot, we apprehend, be disexactness of the former clause, and attempts proved. We do not believe that any one to elide the latter, does not well comport sprinkled in his infancy, has been scripturally with his professions of candour. The pres. baptized; and the papist has as much right ence of the clause, confessing their sins,' is to modify the ordinance of the Lord's-supper fatal to his case. The subsequent part of as the pædobaptist has that of baptism. Bethis lecture is devoted to the proof that John's sides, the whole of the reasoning is a fallacy. baptism produced po moral or spiritual benefits No Baptist wishes anyone to submit to the on its recipients—a proposition, against which sacred rite except on conviction. Do inno serious objection can be advanced.

fants thus submit to this rite ? Can they The lecture on baptismal regeneration is a understand the very life of all obedience to satisfactory and able refutation of the various positive institutions”? Do they 'honestly forms of that absurd and pernicious dogma, believe sprinkling with water to be christian and is highly deserving the attention, not only baptism'? and attend to it in conscientious of the Tractarians, against whom it is mainly

obedience to Christ'? If they do, half our directed, but also of many others, not even

objection to infant sprinkling is done away excepting many Wesleyans and Congrega

with. The whole of this argument has tionalists, whose theories and statements no bearing on its infant recipients. Nor seem to imply that some moral benefit, or is the sentiment given in connection with spiritual privilege, is conferred on infants this reasoning, one which indicates a state who are submitted to it. With the argument of mind most likely to discover and folof this excellent lecture every Baptist will be low simple truth. I do not beliere,' says delighted.

Dr. H., 'the apostle Paul, were he now The longest and most elaborate lecture of living upon earth, would think it worth the series, is that devoted to the mode of his while to decide the question between baptism. After stating his conviction, that

the immersionists and the sprinklers.' the administrator of christian baptism is

But our autbor ventures still further. He bound by the authority of the commission to argues, 'that we have full liberty, according mention the names the triune Jehovah, to the principles of interpretation stated in the Dr. proceeds to the question :- Is it in.

the New Testament, in construing the words dispensable, in the administration of this which relate to a positive institution, to rite, to immerse the subject? We believe

consider its nature and design, and, prethat immersion is not indispensable,--that serving the integrity of the emblem, to adopt, pouring or sprinkling is sufficient to consti. in exbibiting it, any mode which is in ac. tute the christian rite, which is the emblem cordance with its nature, and by which its

design may be carried into effect.' The * Matt. iil. 6, and Mark i. 5.

italics are ours. Where he obtains this full


liberty, we are at a loss to conjecture. The tism,' is 'a figurative expression ;' that it will
cases be introduces, of the phylactery ; the admit of another,' a spiritual, and, as he
holy kiss;' the use of the actual words of thinks, ' a better interpretation ;' that immer-
the Lord's prayer in all our devotions; the sion no more represents a burial than spriuk.
time when the eucharist is administered; the ling; that neither the body of Christ, por
observance of holy days, or the christian those of the Jews, were let down into the
Sabbath, -are not parallel, nor do they afford earth'; that the Romans burned their dead,
the liberty to any one to alter the mode of and deposited their ashes in an urn; that 'a
cbristian baptism. And yet he says of the burial in water must have appeared to the
Baptists, • Their right to substitute the first ancients the most incongruous of symbols';
day for the seventh, in order to commemorate that, though the fathers early adopted this
the resurrection of Christ, without a particle opinion of burial by immersion', they also
of scriptural law, is an authority for substi- adopted 'trine immersion', and many fancies;
tuting sprinkling for immersion, even if they that 'the representation of a burial is ineon.
can prove we make the substitution with sistent with the symbol of sanctification by
which we are charged.' But we ask, do they by the Spirit, which all parties acknowledge
do this? Did not the disciples meet 'on to be represented in baptism'; and sums up
the first day of the week'? Is it not de. by saying, 'On account of all these reasons,
nominated the Lord's-day'? And is not I do maintain, that in baptism there is no
this clear precedent in effect a law ? Can representation of the burial of a belierer
Dr. Halley find a clear precedent of the with Christ.
the apostolic christians transferring baptism We should have thought, that an allusion
from believers to infants ? or of their changing to immersion, as a common mode of bap.
immersion into sprinkling? Will Dr. H. tism,' in the apostolic writings, went a long
contend, that the kiss of charity' was a way towards settling the question; and we
divinely appointed christian ordinance ? that do think that Dr. Halley's reasoning against
the Lord's prayer was prescribed as an abso. it is either very obscure or very inconclusire.
lute form ? that Christ directed bis disciples He says, that in baptism'there is no more
to celebrate his death at any particular hour a burial with Christ than there is a crucifixion
of the day? or that the command given in with him’; but he should know, that the
Deut. vj. 8, 9, was ever intended to be cbeyed allusion is not ours, but the inspired
literally ? The air of special pleading which apostle's. St. Paul does not say we are
runs through this part of the lecture, gives crucified with him by baptism; but he does
us a stronger opinion of the dexterity of the say we are buried with bim by baptism;'
Doctor, than of his decided con rictions of the and when the Doctor laughs at 'the ludicrous
honesty of his case.

image of a man washing in a grare, or dying
Dr. Halley's next effort is with Rom. vi. in a bath,' we are content to say, that the
3, 4, and Col. iii. 16. These passages have same act may be referred to as illustrating
been very generally admitted to contaiu allu. two very different things; and that, unwit.
sions to the mode of baptism, even by pædo tingly, he is rather ridiculing inspired scrip.
baptist writers, as Doddridge, Pool, Wesley, ture than the opinions of fallible men. He
Tholock, &e., &c.; and our author re- of course thinks he has succeeded in his
marks :- 'The Baptists say, that immersion but with the suffrages of many of his
itself-the act of putting in the water-is own most learned brethren, with scripture,
the symbol of the service, or rather, (for they the consent of the fathers, and even common
seem to allow that water is also symbolic of sense against him, he has but little of
cleansing) is one of the symbols authorized which he can boast.
in this ordinance. If this be true, our case is

(To be concluded in our next.) gone. I do not mean our case is gone, if there be found, in the apostolic writings, a

Ancient History. The history of Greere figurative allusion to immersion, as a com.

from various authentic sources,

both mon mode of baptism; for that would in no

ancient and modern two maps. Royal way affect our reasoning; but, if it be proved

8vo., pp. 384. Tract Society. that the act of immersion, and not the use of Tuis is an exceedingly well-printed volume. water, is the authorized symbol, the very Its large pages, with lines and double sign or sacrament, I see not what we can do columns, contain a great amount of letterbetter than petition parliament to pass the press, presented in a form in which they bill on dissenting trusts, that in a body we may easily be perused. Utility and cheapmay carry over with us to the Baptists, the ness seem to have guided the publishers in chapels and endowments now in the posses- the form and size of their page. What is sion of the Independents. The bill is now still better, it is comprehensive and complete, passed, and the course will soon be clear; embracing the earliest inhabitants of Greece, but, to prevent the necessity of coming over with a copious account of their civil and to the Baptists, Dr. Halley remarks, that the military transactions, from the heroic age, phrase, being buried with Christ by bap B. c. 1300, down to the period when its in




pp. 372.

dependence was surrendered in the appoint-
ment of Philip of Macedon to be generalissi..
mo of Greece in the Persian war, b. c. 338.
The stirring events of this extended period
are brought before with the fidelity of the
historian and the candour and sensibility of
an enlightened christian. This circum-
stance gives a value to the history which
will repay the labour and expence of the
compilation. The second part is devoted to
a history of the polity, national institutions,
religion, manners and customs, arts and
sciences, of the Greeks. Part III. com-
prizes the physical and topographical history
of Greece. This book is very suitable for
the general reader, and for Sabbath-school
libraries. It is supplied with a copious in.
dex. It would have pleased us better if
references had been inserted in the margin,
to the various authorities consulted, the
book, section, &c.

original and selected pieces. Post 8vo.

pp. 252. Tract Society. This handsome gilt edged volume is got up after the style of the annuals which a few years ago teemed from the press at this

It contains sixteen beautiful engravings, and it is finished in excellent style. The articles are of various merit; some of them are exquisite, and all of them are interesting, and of a useful tendency. A delightful new year's present.

SiGHTS IN ALL SEASONS. 16mo., square,

Tract Society. Sights in spring, summer, autumn, and winter, already noticed, are here put up in one neat, gilt edged, square volume. BARTH'S BIBLE SRORIES for the young.

Old aud New Testaments, 18mo., pp.

280. Tract Society. The name of Barth, and the fact that there are some 120 stories selected from the Old and New Testaments by him, and illustrated with many engravings, includes all that need be said to recommend this book to our friends, or indeed to any who are seeking for books for their scholars or young people. KINDNESS TO ANIMALS. By CHARLOTTE ELIZABETH. 18mo., pp. 108.

Tract Society. Tais is a very useful book. Beginning with the naming of animals by Adam, their preservation at the flood, and proceeding to give amusing and instructive anecdotes of the horse, the dog, the cat, the cow, the sheep, the ass, bears, birds, and fishes; their saga. city, susceptibility of feeling, gratitude, &c., the fair and talented writer awakens so much interest in the animal world, as not only to convince the reader of the wickedness of treating them cruelly, but also to induce a disposition of tenderness and mercy, Our children who read it will be improved by it,



THE ACADEMY LIBRARY. are propagated, and the prevalence of the To the Editor of the General Baptist Repository.

blighting dogmas of infidelity, require that Sir-Permit me to follow up the appeal only to preach it, but to defend its principles,

ministers of the Gospel should be able not made to the churches in your Jan. number, on behalf of the library of our academy, by

together with those of religious freedom, by my friend Artemus. It must be obvious to the

arguments and illustrations drawn not only reflecting part of the denomination, that the

from their own fountains of thought, but by the students should be able to consult standard

compositions of superior authors, and corworks on those subjects to which their atten.

roborated by facts recorded in books both of tion is directed.

ancient and modern date, and written both As an eager thirst for knowledge ought to distinguish those who

by friends and foes.

It is desirable that the following works, are admitted into the institution, so the means of obtaining it ought to be within

with others of the same stamp, should be their reach.

immediately added to the library :The library is already enriched with several valuable works, for which we

THEOLOGY. are indebted to the liberality and zeal of the

Atterbury's, Bp., Works Dick's, Rev. Dr., Works founders of the institution, and of other

Barrow's, Dr., Ditto Dick's, Thos., Ditto
Baxter's Ditto

Drew's Ditto friends to enlightened piety; but I would, Barnes' Notes

Edwards', Prsdt., Ditto with Artemus, affectionately and respectfully Buck's Theological Dic. Forster's, J., Lectures,

tionary suggest the importance of making consider

and Contributions to able additions to it.

the Eclectic Review The times in which

Chalmers', Dr., Works

Channing's, Dr., Ditto Faber's Works we live, call for a well informed ministry. Clarke's, Dr. A., Ditto Fuller's, A., Ditto The ambitious projects of the church of Charnock's Ditto Goodwin's, Dr., Dit to Rome, the revival of papistical errors in the

Chillingworth's Ditto Harris', Dr. J., Ditto

Calmet's Dictionary of Horseley's, Bp , Ditto established church, the zeal with which they the Bible

Jahn's Biblical Antiq.


Jones,' Wm., Works Stuart's, Moses, Ditto possess duplicates of any of the above books, Keith's, Dr., Ditto Tillotson's, Ditto

to forward their spare copies as gifts to the Owen's, Dr, Ditto Taylor's, Jeremy, Ditto Pearson's, Bp., Ditto Tholuck's, Dr., Ditto

institution. In so large a denomination as Pike's Ditto

Vaughan's, Dr., Ditto ours there must also be many readers who Rosenmuller's Ditto Wardlaw's, Dr., Ditto have their favourite authors, from converse Saurin's Ditto

Waterland's, Dr., Ditto Sherlock's, Bp., Ditto Watson's, R., Ditto

with whom, through the medium of their Scott's Ditto Wesley's Ditto

publications, their own views have been Schleusner's Lexicons Ward's Library of Stan- expanded, and their own hearts warmed, South's, Dr., Works

dard Divinity

would it be too great a mark of respect to Smith's, Dr. J. P.,Ditto

the writers whose genius or piety is so much Congregational Lectures, whole series Englishman's Hebrew Concordance

admired, were a complete copy of their Englishman's Greek Ditto

works to be given to the academy? While

I acknowledge the enlightened benerolence

of some of our more wealthy friends, in sup. Dugald Stewart's Works

porting various institutions, I would ear. Dr. Reid's Ditto Isaac Taylor's Ditto

nestly yet respectfully ask them not to lose Brown's, Dr. Thos., Ditto

sight of the object for which we now plead. Campbell's, Dr., (Aberdeen) Ditto

Are there not several individuals who could
Cudworth's Intellectual System
Whately's, Archbishop, Works

each of them present a donation of a number Kant's Criticism of Pure Reason

of the above-pamed works? One church Smith's Wealth of Nations

might unite to give Ward's Standard Di. HISTORY

vinity; another to give the Bridgewater Hume's History of England

Treatises; and a third or fourth, to give any Macintosh's Ditto

other assortment, according to the respective Keightley's Ditto

taste or fancy of each. It is obvious, how. Ranke's History of the Popes Lingard's History of England


for various reasons, that contributions Turner's, Sharon, Sacred History of the World in money, provided they are made specially Ditto of the Middle Ages

for this object, and do not in the least Pritchard's Physical History of Man

diminish the much-needed collections for Tract Society's Ecclesiastical History Robinson's Travels in Palestine

the ordinary expenses of the institutiou, Conder's Modern Traveller

would be the most eilgible mode of assis. Potter's Antiquities of Greece

tance. The works of higbest importance, D'Aubigne's History of the Reformation Niebuhr's Roman History

and from the best editions of them, might

then be secured. But I agree with Artemus, NATURAL PHILOSOPHY, &c.

that the committee or association must take Encyclopædia Britanica, Last Edition Macullock's Geographical Dictionary

up the subject; and I trust that vigourous Ditto Principles of Political Economy

efforts will be made. I am, Sir, Carpenter's Popular Cyclopædia of Natural Science

Yours truly,
Tegg's Chronology

A General Atlas of Scripture Ditto
Dr. Ure's System of Geology
Bridgwater Treatises

Lyall's Elements of Geology
Ferguson's Astronomy and Mechanics

To the Editor of the General Baptist Repository.
Mathematical Works, &c.

DEAR SIR, -As secretary to the com-

mittee appointed at the last association to Milton's Works, Prose and Poetry

prepare rules for the formation of a general Barke's Ditto The Spectator

BE FIT SOCIETY, I was thankful to see The Rambler, with Dr. Johnson's other Works. iu your last number a few observations on Works on British Biography

this important subject. The committee has, Cowper's Works Pope's Ditto

I think, effectually provided against the Young's Ditto

disaster your correspondent supposes. There N. B. Great assistance would be afforded by

may, however, be various other difficulties, the gift of globes, or of mounted maps for walls.

which we may neither perceive por meet;

and we should therefore be obliged, and It is of little importance, that the above through us, the whole Connexion, for any classification is not exactly accurate. No. observations any of your readers may sog. thing could be easier than to extend each of gest. I would request them to do so either the above lists, and to form others; but my to myself directly, or rather, through your object, Mr. Editor, is to give a general view pages, to all concerned, that not only the of the sort of works which are absolutely other members of the committee may delibenecessary.

rate upon them, but all the friends at the As some of your readers may perhaps next association may more intelligently per. expect me to mention a plan for the supply ceire how all possible advantages are sethe deficiency of which complaint is made, cured, and all probable dangers are guarded I would suggest that some assistance would against. I am, Sir, faithfully yours, be rendered were those of our friends, who Boston,


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