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On the 1st of February the following proclamation appeared:—
"Fellow-Citizens,—On the summons of the Powers of Germany, acting in the name of the Germanic Confederation, and pursuant to a resolution of the Diet of the 11th of January of this current year, the Stadtholders have mediated the transition from the power of Government which was delegated to them by the Central Power of Germany to another Government which is being appointed by the Germanic Confederation. Having discharged their part of the duty, the Stadtholders have resigned their power into the hands of the Commissioners of the Germanic Confederation.
"The purposes of the late war are now to be effected by means of peaceable negotiations.
"The Germanic Confederation intend protecting the rights and the interests of the country, and the old-established and legal relations (Verhallniss) between Schleswig and Holstein, and after establishing these relations, the said Confederation will return the country into the hands of its legitimate Sovereign. To this very object we directed our endeavours, ever since the commencement of the war.
"Inhabitants of SchleswigHolstein! The Stadtholders give you their thanks for your faithful and firm support in evil days and in prosperity, and for your love of order and legality, which you have hitherto shown. Let such be your glory for the future; support a peaceable solution, and grant a ready obedience to the established powers of Government,
"God, who protects the right,
will justify the strength of your confidence. He will conduct our country's cause to a prosperous end.
"The Stadtholders of the Duchies of Schleiswig-Holstein—
HANOVER.—The King of Hanover died on the 18th of November this year, and was succeeded by his son, under the title of George V., who immediately published the following proclamation :—
"George V., by the grace of God King of Hanover, Royal Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Cumberland, Duke of Brunswick and Liineburg, &c. God the Almighty hath been pleased this day to remove from the world our most honoured Father, the Most Serene, Most Mighty Prince and Lord, Ernestus Augustus, King of Hanover, Royal Prince of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Cumberland, Duke of Brunswick and Liineburg. We, our Royal House, and our subjects have by this bereavement been overwhelmed with affliction. And whereas by the established order of succession the government of the kingdom of Hanover hath passed into our hands, we by these presents inform our subjects and authorities that we have entered upon the functions of government. And further, we promise by these presents, and pledge our Royal word to the most sacred observance of the constitution of the country; and while we confirm our Ministers of State, and all our servants of secular or clerical estates, in their offices, trust, and dignities, we have that confidence in them, and in all our subjects, that they will grant us all due obedience, love, and honour. In return of which, we assure them of our Royal grace and favour, of our protection, and desire, with the help of Almighty God, and to the best of our abilities, to promote the welfare of our subjects.
"We have decreed that this patent, with our hand and seal
affixed thereunto, shall be placed into the archive of the General Assembly of Estates, and that the same shall be published in the first number of the edition of our laws.
Cape Of Good Hope.—Meeting at King William's Town between Sir H. Smith and the Caffre Chiefs—Deposition of Sandilli—Unsuccessful Attempt to capture that Chieftain—General Rising of the Natives and Outbreak of Caffre War—Repulse of Colonel Somerset—The Caffres advance beyond the Great Fish River and ravage the Colony—Contests between them and the British Troops—Severe losses of Ike Settler*— Insurrection of Hottentots—They are successfully attacked by General Somerset—Memorial of Board of Defence of Graham's Town to Sir Harry Smith—His Reply—Engagement between Troops under the Command of Colonel Fordyce and the Caffres—He is subsequently killed in Action—Constitution granted by Earl Grey to the Colony— Its Provisions—//* Reception by the Colonists.
Cuba.—Second Piratical Invasion of Cuba by General Lopez from America—Narrative of the disastrous Failure of the Expedition— Deception practised to engage Volunteers—Execution of Lopez— Account of his Career—Letter from Colonel Crittenden—Narrative written by M. Xavier Isturiz, Spanish Minister in Great Britain.
United States.—Message of the President. Topics.—1. Cuban Expedition—2. Right of Search of American Vessels—3. Assault en the House of the Spanish Minister at New Orleans—4. The Turkish Government and Kossuth—5. Intercommunication between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans—6. Financial Statement—7. Question of a Low Tariff—8. Californian Gold—9. Ad valorem and specific Duties— 10. Disposal of Lands in California—11. Agricultural Bureau— 12. Army—13. Navy—14. Post Office—15. Proposal to revise the written Laws of the United States—16. Fugitive Slave Act— 17. Territorial and Slavery Questions.
CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.— and treated by the Colonial autho
Caffre War.—For many rities as a sort of neutral district,
years the Great Fish River formed But it became the fertile source
the eastern boundary of our colo- of many disputes between the
nial dominion in South Africa, and native Caffres and the settlers,
Graham's Town was the principal and the most powerful of the
settlement or capital of the eastern Caffre chiefs, Sandilli, especially,
district. But latterly the frontier gave much trouble by his conduct,
line had been extended as far as and excited well-founded alarm as
the river Kei, and the territory to his hostile intentions. Last
between this and the Great Fish year Sir Harry Smith, the officer
River was called British Caffraria, who so greatly distinguished him
self in the Sikh war by his brilliant victory at Aliwal, was appointed Governor of the Cape, and in the month of October, in consequence of the threatening aspect of affairs in British Caffraria, he left Cape Town by sea and sailed to King William's Town, where he summoned a meeting of the Caffre chiefs. A great many assembled, but Sandilli, who was the most formidable, and regarded as a kind of king amongst them, did not appear. The following account of the interview is taken from one of the Cape journals :—
"On mentioning the rumors that were spread abroad in the colony, Sir H. Smith wished to know who had thus alarmed the colonists; he understood they had originated with the native Gaika tribes. He was surprised that they should be such fools as to believe in such a fool—a boy prophet who was all over grease, and as black as a coal. If they were not happy, continued his Excellency, and wanted war, he would make war with them (holding up a long stick with a brass knob at the end, called generally the stick of peace). 'I will make war, and bring my troops from Cape Town in four days, as I came myself; and I will drive you all over the Kei, and get Krili to drive you to the Umzimvoobo, and I will be there too—I was there once; you know it—and then get Palm to drive you further; and then you will be scattered over the earth, as beasts of the field and vagabonds. But the good I will protect and assist, and be their father. I will kill everyone that will not fight on my side. There is a God above; he knows all things.'
"There were about 350 Caffres in all; and the meeting separated
peaceably, his Excellency inviting the chiefs into the house. The chiefs were very humble, more especially Pato; and came forward at his Excellency's request to shake hands with him, as a token of peace and allegiance to the Queen as British subjects."
As Sandilli had refused to obey Sir Harry Smith's summons, he was formally deposed by the Governor from his authority, and Sir Harry Smith then returned to Cape Town. Soon afterwards, however, news arrived there that Sandilli was determined not to recognise the act of deposition, and was preparing to assert his claim to the chieftainship over his dependent tribes by force. Upon this, Sir Harry Smith hastened back to King William's Town, which is in the centre of British Caffraria, and on the 19th of December held at Fort Cox a great meeting of the Gaika chiefs and people. He there called upon them to choose a chief to govern them in place of Sandilli; and, after some delay, they named Sutu, the "great widow," and mother of Sandilli, whom Sir Harry Smith at once accepted, and on the following day he notified her appointment by a public proclamation.
He wished to prevail upon the other chiefs to accomplish the capture of the outlawed Sandilli; but this they declined to attempt, alleging that he was too powerful for them to cope with. But as information was given that Sandilli was lurking in the neighbourhood, Sir H. Smith thought he might be able by a sudden sortie to make him prisoner, or at all events, force him to abandon that part of the country. He therefore ordered a body of troops to make the attempt, and, accordingly, at daybreak on the 24th of December, Colonel Mackinnon left Fort Cox, with a force of nearly 600 men, of whom 321 belonged to the 6th and 73rd Regiments, 174 to the Cape Mounted Rifles, and 92 to the Caffre Police. With this strong column, Colonel Mackinnon took his way up the valley of the Keiskamma.
The Keiskamma River forms in the lower part of its course, where it flows to the south-east, the present boundary between the colony proper and British Caffraria. But in the upper part of its course, the river, flowing to the south-west, passes through the centre of British Caffraria. For about 30 miles above Fort Cox, the rapid torrent winds through the rugged defiles of the Amatola Mountains, the stronghold of the Gaika Caffres. Along the bank of this stream Colonel Mackinnon pursued his march until he reached a narrow rocky gorge, where his men could only proceed in single file. It does not appear that he sent forward any reconnoitring party, but he seems to have had implicit confidence in the Caffre Police, who led the column.
When the Caffre Police and the Cape Mounted Rifles had passed through the gorge a deadly fire was opened by the Caffres upon the column of infantry, and it was with great difficulty that Colonel Mackinnon succeeded at last in extricating his troops from the defile, and in dislodging the Caffres. Before this was accomplished the force had suffered the serious loss of three officers and sixteen men killed and wounded. One corporal and nine privates of the 6th Regiment, and one corporal of the 73rd Regiment, were killed, and five
men of the 6th and two of the 73rd were wounded.
Colonel Mackinnon then pressed his march onwards for three miles to a missionary station, whence he dispatched a message to Sir Harry Smith, and next day he commenced his return to Fort Cox by a circuitous route.
The attack made by the Caffres in the Keiskamma defile was the signal for a general rising amongst the natives, and the wild and fierce Gaikas made an indiscriminate assault upon the settlers, whose houses they burnt, and they destroyed a great number of lives.
The situation of Sir Harry Smith was now most perilous. The hostile Caffres swarmed in thousands round Fort Cox, where he was hemmed in, and Colonel Somerset, who attempted to reach him from Fort Hare with a body of troops, was driven back on the 29th of December, after a severe contest with the savages. In his official report of the action Colonel Somerset said:—
"The troops continued retiring in admirable order, contesting every foot of ground with the enemy, whose numbers increased out of every valley, as we passed the successive heads of the various kloofs. The day was most oppressive. I was able to open the gun upon the enemy several times with good effect. After retiring about three miles, while holding a small valley on a hill, in firing a shot from the small gun, the trail unfortunately broke short off, which rendered the gun completely unserviceable. I had it brought on until, when passing a valley with rugged banks, the gun fell over, and could be no longer got forward. At this time we were attacked by a very superior force in a thorny